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The Effects Of Poverty On The People Of Yemen

1521 words - 6 pages

The United States Military Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (HOA) is a geographical region that encompasses the countries of Djibouti, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, and neighboring Yemen. Each country in the region houses many culturally unique distinctions to include groups, which comprise the HOA area of operation. Specifically one of these culturally unique groups originates out of Yemen. The country of Yemen, according to a 2004 census, has reached almost 20 million people (UNDP, 2010). Over 45% of the population lives on less than $2.00 U.S. a day (UNDP, 2010). The poverty-stricken people in Yemen have shaped a cultural group that in essence contains the majority of the Country’s population. The purpose of this thesis is to illustrate the current Yemen culture shaped by the effects of poverty on the people of Yemen. These effects span a wide array of problematic issues predicated on three major topics. The effects of poverty on the people of Yemen include severe health problems spanning a majority of the region, the decay of the Country’s political infrastructure, and the growing support of terrorist organizations in the region. The dilemmas in Yemen did not solely originate internally. Yemen is host to some 91,587 (as of 2007) refugees from Somalia (CIA, 2011). The wake of events perpetuated by the effects of poverty on the people of Yemen, left unchecked, will continue to erode with significant and lasting negative effects on the entire HOA Area of Responsibility (AOR) to include local, regional, and U.S. interests.

Yemen has historically has been plagued with severe health problems spanning a majority of the region. The inhabitants of the region are dependent on the Country’s government for virtually all social and health services which derive primarily from an assortment of aid programs provided by the U.S. and European Nations. Many pose the question “why does Yemen have so many health problems”? The effects of poverty on the people of Yemen specifically in relation to severe health problems in the region begin with 30% of children (as of 1995) under the age of 5 are malnourished (Encyclopedia of Nations, 2011). The general population of Yemen cannot afford basic necessities such as food let alone privatized health care; thus are forced to capitulate to whatever semblance of Government medical aid is available in the local area. As of 1999, there were an estimated 0.2 physicians per 1,000 people (Encyclopedia of Nations, 2011) and the ratio since has not offset in any significant manner. The lack of sewage disposal in the high-poverty dense regions of Yemen constitutes a general health hazard. This is compounded with only 69% of the population (in 2000) having access to safe drinking water (Encyclopedia of Nations, 2011). The devastation wrought by diseases such as Malaria, Typhus, Tuberculosis, Dysentery, Whooping Cough, Measles, Hepatitis, Schistosomiasis, and Typhoid Fever are...

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