Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) develops after a terrifying ordeal that involved physical harm or the threat of physical harm. The person who develops PTSD may have been the one who was harmed or the person may have witnessed a harmful event that happened to loved ones or strangers.
PTSD is defined as mental health disorder triggered by a terrifying event (Mayoclinic). This ordeal could be the result of some sort of physical harm or threat to the individual, family members, friends or even strangers. (NIMH) While PTSD is typically associated with someone who has served in the military, it can affect more than just that genre of individuals. It could affect rape victims, victims in a terrorist or natural disaster incident, nurses, doctors, and police and fire personnel and bystanders. PTSD can manifest itself in many forms. The primary signs and symptoms of PTSD include but are not limited to re-experiencing symptoms (flashbacks, bad dreams, frightening thoughts), avoidance of places, situations, or events that may cause those memories to resurface, and hyperarousal symptoms (easily startled, feeling tense or on edge) (NIMH). Other symptoms may include not having positive or loving feelings toward other people, staying away from relationships, may forget about parts of the traumatic event or not be able to talk about them, may think the world is completely dangerous, and no one can be trusted.
PTSD was originally thought to just affect the person involved in the incident. New research has shown PTSD can have harmful impacts on families as well (VA). PTSD has negative effects on marriages. Spouses diagnosed with PTSD have symptoms of being less emotional or withdrawn. This can lead to marriage or relationship problems, parenting problems, and poor family functioning. “The National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study (NVVRS) compared Veterans with PTSD to those without PTSD. The findings showed that Vietnam Veterans with PTSD: Got divorced twice as much, were three times more likely to divorce two or more times, and tended to have shorter relationships. (VA Partners). Family Violence also increased in spouses with PTSD
While the night terrors or flashbacks can be limited to just the individual, some of the symptoms may be projected onto the families. For example, imagine being around a happy person all day long and how that makes you feel, you will generally feel happy. If you are around a negative person or someone who complains a lot, your feelings and attitude will fall in line with theirs. This is the same thing that happens with family members of people with PTSD. The person with PTSD usually feels like a different person and they often have negative feelings. Additionally they may avoid places, such as large crowds, or loud noises that could cause them to flashback or have memories of their traumatic ordeal. In these cases, the normal member in the relationship will start imitating these traits as well. They will soon find...