This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Effects Of The Islamic Expansion On Indian Ocean Trade

2891 words - 12 pages

The Effects of the Islamic Expansion on Indian Ocean Trade

The period of 650-1000 CE is of great significance to developing Indian Ocean trade. In this essay I will present case studies of material and written evidence to provide a profound insight as to how the Islamic Expansion affected Indian Ocean trade.

Wink (1990, 7) states that, “up to the 11th century, the Muslims penetrated the countless kingdoms of al-Hind only as traders”. A century after the prophet’s death, the Islamic rule had expanded from Spain to India and the Far East. I believe an expansion of that size would most certainly have had an effect on trade and exchange of ideas. Moreover, Chaudhuri (1985, 36) is confident that the Arab conquests politically integrating Egypt, Syria, Iran, and North Africa established a zone of economic consumption, creating new market demands. Not only did the Islamic expansion form a commercial boost, but also provided safer trade routes, an outcome of the commercial law protection and judicial rights which were governed Islamic leaders.

In fact, by the 10th century, there is clear evidence of maritime expansion as a result of the spread of the Islamic lifestyle, Arab ships and merchants sailing to China, as I shall further explore below.

Material Evidence of Indian Ocean trade with the Islamic world:
Belitung Shipwreck
In 1998, a shipwreck was discovered north of the Tanjung Pandan port on the Island of Belitung (figure 1), Indonesia, and was excavated by a German explorations company. This shipwreck presents a great deal of evidence to show the extensive trade between the Islamic world and the Far East. The location of the shipwreck alone is an indication of the maritime routes of trade between nations at the time.

Michael Flecker looks at the characteristics of the ship, identifying it as of Arab or Indian origins, “the hull planks were stitched together, with no sign of wooden dowels or iron fastenings” (2001, 336). Vosmer analyzes this technique, further justifying the mounting with a bolting joint between the beam and the planking and finally stitching the hull would construct a really robust structure (2001, 131). Figure 2 below shows what the stitching technique would have looked like.

Figure 2.
View of the forefoot, showing the stitching holes plugged with putty.
Source: Vosmer 2011, 120.

Through-beams, which were discovered later, and the identification of wood samples supported the Flecker’s theory of the ship being of Arab or Indian. He does, however, comment on the difficulty of differentiating between Arab and Indian ships as a result of inter-influence across the Arabian Sea. He draws similarities between the structures of the ship to that of a batil qarib still in use off the Omani coast, which was intended for light travel (2001, 336 - 339). A successful technique, still being used in the construction of Omani boats might be an indicator that this ship is actually of Arabic origins.

...

Find Another Essay On The Effects of the Islamic Expansion on Indian Ocean Trade

Indian Ocean: The Maldives Islands Essay

1443 words - 6 pages keeps getting worse. The islands are threatened by the constant sea level changes as it is rising. If the sea level keeps on rising, it may potentially destroy the islands and cause them to cease to exist ultimately displacing many of the residents that inhabit the islands. The Maldives is a low-lying island nation that is located roughly the equator in the Indian Ocean (Khan et al. 2002). Khan (2002) describes the size of the island by saying that

Lasting Effects of the Islamic Revolution

1992 words - 8 pages Lasting Effects of the Islamic Revolution of 1979 A) Plan of the investigation What effect did the Islamic revolution have on the country of Iran and it’s international relations? This is a very broad question so it much be asked and answered for many different levels of society. Looked at this way this question is actually collection of questions. What effect did the Islamic revolution have on the wealthy within the country? What effect did

Southwest Asia and the Indian Ocean

1104 words - 4 pages presence in Southwest Asia. The empire creatively made use of its Christian prisoners of war from the Balkan territories by turning them into yeni cheri (“Janissary”), military slaves. In the mid-16th century, the empire saw its golden age with the rule of Suleiman, son of Selim I. The ruler extended the Shari’a (Islamic law) and conquered large sections of Greek and Hungarian land, securing the powerful trade port of venice and furthering

The Effects of the Indian Caste System

1120 words - 4 pages , “the first man created, Purusa, is sacrificed in order to give rise to the four varnas. The Brahmin was his mouth, his two arms were made the Rajanya [Kshatriya, king and warrior], his two thighs [loins] the Vaishya, from his feet the Sudra [servile class] was born” (History of the Caste System in India). Although the Vedas has only spoken of four classes, the Indian culture has adapted one on its own. This class is called the untouchables. The

The Expansion of the Islamic Empire Under the First Four Caliph

696 words - 3 pages expansion of the Islamic Empire based Muhammad’s plans but never lived to execute it when he died in 634. Right before he died, he named his successor, Umar ibn al-Khattab, so he does not repeat the same confusion that Muhammad caused. Abu Bakr chose Umar ibn al-Kattab. He started in 634-644. Umar defeated the Persians and then he then expanded the Islamic Empire to Persia, Iraq, Syria, North Africa and the Byzantine Empire. Instead of hurting the

Impact of Global Warming on the Ocean

1829 words - 8 pages Arctic ice has melted away due to increased surface air and ocean temperatures (Farmer 9). Also, the accumulated area loss is approximately a third of continental US. Although, melting of sea ice does not directly contribute to sea level rise because this ice is already floating on the ocean, it contributes to sea level rise in another indirect way. First, the ice’s albedo effect has a major role in reflecting sunlight. Albedo is surface

The effects on the Native peoples from the introduction of the commertial fur trade into Canada

636 words - 3 pages An essay describing the effects of the fur trade on the Native peoples of Canada Excellent.EssayThe trapping of beavers for their fur had always been an integral part of native culture. The introduction of the profit-seeking fur trade caused drastic changes in the native way of life. These changes ultimately concluded with the destruction of an enormous part of native culture. It can be said that, "The introduction of the commercial fur trade

Effect of the Environment on Westward Expansion

619 words - 2 pages Rockies, naturally led to Oregon and California, which caused an increase in the population of these regions at the time. These trails, such as the Oregon Trail to the north, the Mormon and Spanish Trail to the south, and the California and Overland trails in between were very rough and bumpy, making the trek no easy task.On the home front, the environment played an important role on the family life as well.. Women had a more prominent role in

Effects of the Transatlantic Slave Trade

1016 words - 5 pages in America such as the French and Dutch. The French relied on the natives for navigation through the Canada area and to capture beavers for trade. This alliance was important because it created power over the Europeans, a common enemy to both. By the 1650s, slaves were pouring into the Americas because of their small life expectancy due to the horrible living positions. Finally by the late 1750s and to the 1800s, the slave population in the

The Economic Effects of the Slave Trade on Africa, Britain, and America

1487 words - 6 pages capturing and enslaving millions of innocent people then forcing them to work long hard grueling days is immoral and unethical. Unfortunately as a result of this horrible time Africa has never truly recovered and you can still see the effects of the slave trade in the African nations today. On the other hand across the Atlantic in the United States of America today we can still see the effect the slave trade had on our nation but it is an actual benefit

Aliens of the Ocean

2064 words - 8 pages Lion’s Mane Jellyfish is a jellyfish, which means it too is consumed by bigger creatures of the ocean. Those that eat the Lion’s Mane Jelly are resistant to its toxins. Southern harvestfish and gulf butterfish are among the few creatures that prey on the Lion’s Mane Jellyfish (“Lion’s Mane Jelly”). The bell of a Lion’s Mane Jellyfish can reach about eight feet in diameter and their tentacles can grow up to one hundred feet long. They can be found

Similar Essays

The Indian Ocean Trade Network Essay

877 words - 4 pages Untitled The Indian Ocean Trade Network The Indian Ocean trade network was, at the time, the world's richest and most successful ocean trading system. The life of the Indian Ocean trade network spanned from 600 - 1450 CE. Part of the reason for this achievement was the growing prosperity of the European, Asian, and African states. These peoples demanded luxury items such as fine metals, jewelry, and fine textiles. This demand is

The Indian Ocean Trade Network 100 1500

525 words - 2 pages The Indian Ocean Trade Network 100 - 1500The Indian Ocean Trade spread diseases and created more feuds, but mostly, it linked cultures, spread new religions, enhanced trading skills, and increased economic growth in several different regions of the world. Before the Indian Ocean Trade, most regions knew nothing of their neighboring civilizations. This trade network united the world. Because of it, just about all civilizations are conversant with

The Indian Ocean Tsunami Essay

2496 words - 10 pages Imagine more than half of the population of Kenosha being over-taken by a deluge of water without warning or the ability to escape. On December 26, 2004, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale, occurred in the Indian Ocean off of the Samaritan coast, triggering the deadliest tsunami in recorded history. Before the tsunami, this region of the world was one of the most sought after vacation spots. After the record

The Effects Of Ocean Pollution On The Environment

2069 words - 8 pages resources, we are also minimizing our usable water. By having a better understanding of the problem on the severe dumping, it will be easier to find ways to help minimize the pollution that is going into the ocean. Pollution comes in many forms. In the ocean we dump a variety of substances, including human wastes, chemicals from fertilizers, oil, and trash such as plastic which all contribute to the growing issue of our ocean pollution