The Rape Of Nanking And Tiananmen Square

2165 words - 9 pages

Throughout history, genocide has been one of the most devastating human calamities. The Rape of Nanking, or the Nanking Massacre is an example of one of the worst genocides in history. This event was so horrific that it is sometimes referred to as the “forgotten Holocaust” (The Rape). Beginning on December 13, 1937, Japan invaded China and “the mass execution of soldiers and the slaughtering and raping of tens of thousands of civilians took place in contravention of all rules of warfare” (The Rape). This occurred because the Japanese had a feeling of contempt towards the Chinese and thought of them to be inferior. The Japanese soldiers and the Japanese government were at fault for all the crimes committed against the Chinese people. Another infamous genocide is the Tiananmen Square Massacre in Beijing. On June 3, 1989, the Chinese army moved into Tiananmen Square and opened fire at peaceful protesters and innocent civilians. The victims of this massacre were unarmed protesters, mainly students, protesting against China’s Communist administration, as they demanded democratic reform. The army shocked its people by its “sudden and extreme response to the peaceful mass protest” (W1). The Chinese government is to blame for the savage killings of their own people. Ultimately, the Japanese soldiers and the Japanese government are to blame for the Rape of Nanking while the Chinese government is at fault for the Tiananmen Square Massacre.
The Rape of Nanking is one of the cruelest crimes against humanity. When the city of Nanking fell in 1937, the Japanese soldiers started to implement brutal methods of torturing and killing the Chinese people. “Tens of thousands of young men were rounded up and herded to the outer areas of the city, where they were mowed down by machine guns, used for bayonet practice, or soaked with gasoline and burned alive. For months the streets of the city were heaped with corpses and reeked with the stench of rotten human flesh” (The Rape). This event demonstrates one of the worst occurrences of mass extermination. “One historian has estimated that if the dead from Nanking were to link hands, they would stretch from Nanking to the city of Handchow, spanning a distance of some two hundred miles. Their blood would weigh 12 hundred tons, and their bodies would fill 25 hundred railroad cars. Stacked on top of each other, these bodies would reach the height of a seventy-four-story building” (The Rape). However, using numbers, “approximately 260,000” (The Rape) people were slaughtered during the Nanking Massacre.
Throughout the Nanking massacre, the Japanese soldiers had numerous barbaric methods of killing the Chinese. The torture that was brought upon the Chinese is unimaginable. Some means of execution consisted of live burials, mutilation, death by fire, death by ice, death by dogs. Live burials were organized similarly to an assembly line. The soldiers would force their Chinese captives into groups. These...

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