The Rational Choice And Biological Trait Theories

2003 words - 8 pages

Criminals have been committing crimes for centuries, and they are always fooling the police detectives and federal agencies sometimes. If the justice departments would actually look at the persons thought processes and reasoning before a crime is committed, the justice departments will be able to answer the reason for the crime. The different departments could possibly figure out why the criminal did what they did in the first. For instance, they should use a couple of criminology theories to help them with certain cases that are more difficult than the rest. The theories that the justice departments should use in their systems are the rational choice and biological theories of criminology.
The rational choice theory comes from the classical theory which is based off of personal choice towards criminal behavior. Criminal behavior under the rational choice theory has been due to the free thinking of society and has always been because of a specific thought process of personal vendettas. For example, a jealous person may feel the need to do something physically illegal like punching another person in the face because the benefit of gratitude is worth the risk of consequence. The example above is part of the rational choice theory and the reason is because that particular person weighed the costs and benefits of their illegal action. Rational choice theory is a vision where crime is a functionality of the decision-making process of the criminal in which they weigh the costs and benefits of an illegal act in society (Siegel, 2011).
Criminals use the rational choice theory in society when they are trying to avoid any kind of pain and are in a mindset of looking for pleasure. Criminals find the easiest way to have fun and find a rewarding prize when the rational choice theory is associated with a certain crime. Basically, if a criminal thinks that the punishment of their future crime is too great and the reward is very small the criminal will more than likely not engage in that particular criminal act. For instance, a criminal may find it easier to commit a robbery than commit a burglary and the criminal will stay away from the burglaries due to the consequences that come because of the crime. Rational choice theory can be more behavioral than anything because of the amount of behaviors that are associated in determining whether to commit certain crimes or not (Siegel, 2011).
All criminals that use the rational choice theory before they commit their certain crimes does not always understand how to weigh the costs and benefits of certain acts. There will always be some kind of calculation before a rational crime occurs. For example, before a robbery takes place the criminals must first choose the location, place and time that they would like to have for a certain robbery crime. The criminals involved in this certain robbery will weigh the costs and benefits of the crime and then think about the whole situation itself. When the criminals have...

Find Another Essay On The Rational Choice and Biological Trait Theories

Biological and Humanistic Theories Essay

1018 words - 4 pages Two important personality theories are the biological theory and the humanistic theory. The biological theory is based on the premise that all people inherit their characteristics from their family. This theory basically contends that people do not have control over their behaviors because they are genetically pre-determined. The humanistic theory, on the other hand, is based on the premise that each person has free will to control their actions

Routine Activity Theory and Rational Choice Theory

1396 words - 6 pages The study of criminology is why individuals commit crimes and why they behave in certain situations. When you understand why someone might commit a crime, you can come up with ways to prevent or control the crime. There are several different theories in criminology, in this paper I will be discussing Routine Activity Theory and Rational Choice theory. I will be comparing and contrasting as well between the two of these theories. Routine

Rational Choice Theory, rational choice approach to crime causation,rational choice theory and deterrence theory's impact on crime prevention strategies

529 words - 2 pages The rational choice approach to crime causation is composed of several different concepts. According to this theory, criminal behavior is the product of careful thought and planning. Offenders choose crime after considering both personal factors-money, revenge, thrills, entertainment- and situational factors, such as target availability, security measures, and police presence (Siegel, 2008). Once the decision has been made to commit a specific

Deterrence, Rational and Restorative Justice Theories

1902 words - 8 pages This paper will illustrate three theories; deterrence theory, rational choice theory, and restorative justice theory. It will outline in detail the policies, and the connections between theory, research, and policy. Deterrence theory can be outlined as “principles of certainty, severity, and celerity of punishment, proportionality, specific and general deterrence” (Burke, 2009). In order for the punishment to be effective it has to be certain


1742 words - 7 pages 'WHAT ARE THE MAIN STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF THE RATIONAL CHOICE APPROACH TO RELIGIOUS BEHAVIOUR?'BIBLIOGRAPHY1) G. Becker, 1986, 'The economic approach to human behaviour', pp. 108-22 in J. Elster (ed.), Rational Choice. Oxford: Blackwell.2) L. Iannaccone, 1990, 'Religious practice: a human capital approach', Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 29: 297-314.3) S. Bruce, 'Religion and rational choice: a critique of economic

The Rational Choice Theory: Criminology by Frank Schmalleger

1885 words - 8 pages Gone are the days of pick-pockets and traditional thieves stealing your money and wrist-watches right off of your body. The deviants of today are turning to a safer and easier alternative to gain access to your possessions – the internet. Rational choice theory as defined by Frank Schmalleger in his text Criminology is “a perspective that holds that criminality is the result of a conscious choice and predicts that individuals choose to commit

The best and worst theories that discribe why crimes happen (eg biological, psychological and sociological

747 words - 3 pages The purpose of this paper is to discuss the three major theories of criminology. This paper will talk about the theories that best and worst describe why crime happens. The three major theories of crime are: biological, psychological and sociological. In further examining this paper you will see discussions of personal opinions of the author.The biological theory states that criminals are born and they are not made. I feel that the biological

Anxiety and the variables of trait anxiety

1629 words - 7 pages ABSTRACT. Undergraduate university students (N = 103) participated in a study of the relationship between test anxiety and the variables of trait anxiety, self-esteem, locus of control, mental ability, and gender. Results indicated bivariate associations between total test anxiety and the other measures except for mental ability. Further analyses revealed independent relationships between the "worry" component of test anxiety and the variables

Aristotle's Theories of Responsibility and Choice

757 words - 3 pages voluntary involves choice. Choice involves the consideration of one or more alternatives to the action, and a deliberation which will use practical reasoning as its driving force to reach the decision that is most in accordance with virtue. Proper choice, or means to acting within one's own rational deliberation, brings along with it, the responsibility for the actions chosen. As virtues can be identifiable only through actions, responsibility for

Personality Stability and Change in Trait Theories Of Allport and Eysenck

1128 words - 5 pages environment, which allows for both consistency and change in personality. Moreover, some theorists introduce a third element to a biosocial model - the individual (e.g. transactional model of socialization). Evaluation of personality stability is difficult, seeing lack of consensus on what personality is and how it should be measured even when it viewed through a similar framework. Examination of two trait theories of Allport and Eysenck present

Critically evaluate biological and sociological theories and discuss how these contribute to the explanation for the occurrence of crime

4534 words - 18 pages others do not, but it does embody the idea whereby punishment must be proportional to the nature of the crime or offence.Beccaria viewed crime as the result of rational and self-gratifying choice based on calculation and cost : where the benefits outweigh the costs of doing so, therefore people will commit crimes. This will lead us into the control theory, which is a large group of theories all contentiously based on that people have a free choice

Similar Essays

Rational Choice And Deterrence Theories Essay

977 words - 4 pages Krohn 2009). There can be a problem with this idea, are those who commit illegal acts rational thinkers? The theorem for deterrence and rational choice consists of the following: the guarantee of punishment could lower criminal behavior, the severity of consequences will also reduce criminal acts, and swift discipline will avert further criminal behavior from offenders (Kubrin, Stucky, and Krohn 2009). Actions such as pro arrest policies or

Theories Of Symbolic Interactionism Exchange Theory And Rational Choice Theory

1073 words - 4 pages Theories of Symbolic Interactionism Exchange Theory and Rational Choice Theory This essay will address actions of individuals and the contribution individual actions make to the social structure, how society flows to the actor via the “Me” and is constructed or reconstructed by the “I,” giving the “I” a place in creating society. I will further analyze the theories and explore the impact of norms and values on the decisions by the actors

The Rational Choice Theory Versus The Trait Theory On The Issue Of The Reduction Or Control Of Crime

819 words - 3 pages Theoretical schools have long been used in the study of criminal behavior and as guidelines for determining ways to effectively reduce crimes. Two popular theories used in today's society are the Rational Choice Theory and the Trait Theory. Some argue that the Choice Theory is a more effective way of reducing and controlling crime while others argue in favor of the Trait Theory. After researching both theories, I have come to the conclusion that

The Perspective Of Rational Choice Essay

1722 words - 7 pages . All theories in this perspective recognize power as deriving from unequal resources in the exchange process. “Some versions of rational choice theory emphasize the ways in which patterns of exchange lead to social exchanges and social injustices” (Hutchison, 2008, p. 49), but I see social exchange as based on self-interest, not in a selfish way. One weakness in this perspective could be that it assumes all people are rational and goal directed