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The Rationalisation Of The South African Society

923 words - 4 pages

Modernity revolves around the rational application of scientific method to certain aspects of life. This could be done through the development of governmental regulations, bureaucratic observation, and the erosion of traditional values (Beck, Lash & Giddens, 1997). New thought processes and the increase in the application medicine and technology have played important roles in the concept of rationalism (Bilton et al, 2002). The character of modern society could be defined by rationalism (Macionis & Plummer, 2012: 123); this can be clearly seen in the South African rational social organization context from hunter gatherer days to modern day society. An example of this would be how the essence ...view middle of the document...

Thus, his legitimacy principles were based on the essential principle involving the relationship between the ruler and the ruled. He categorizes the systems of authority via theoretical models. The two forms of authority that are directly contrasted would be the traditional form of authority and Legal Rationalism (Heywood, 2002:220). The traditional form of authority is characterized by hereditary success, whereby the ruler governs under a divine right (Weber, Henderson & Parsons, 1947: 341). Conversely, Legal Rationalism is the legally demarcated form of authority, bound to the set of rules made by the government (Heywood, 2002:221). The benefit of this authority form is that, it relies on a cabinet rather than a single individual, thus potentially less likelihood of power misuse. In South Africa, both forms of authority exist. However, legal rationalism prevails, owing to the democratic influence within the country. But there are areas within South Africa, where tribal chiefs exist within certain areas of the country (Savannah Seara-Robitaille, 2013). But tribal chiefs don’t have the power or the resources like the legal rationalism legislature within the country (Savannah Seara-Robitaille, 2013). Thus, legal rationalism is an elected voted by the people, and actively allocates resources in the best interests of its people.

Similarly, industrial capitalism is known as the essence of rationality, owing to the fact that in increases in industrial mechanical advances result in more efficient means of achieving mass production and maximizing profit (Macionis & Plummer, 2012: 122). The rational application of the capitalist society would not have existed if the knowledge and skill sets were not put in place over the years (Hughes, et al., 2003:117). New discoveries and ideas associated with rationality were often viewed with achievement, owing to the development of new understanding (Bilton et al., 2002). Contemporary societies involved new forms of economic activity and labour practices via...

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