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The History Of Christianity Essay

2535 words - 10 pages

Unlike many other religions, Christianity is a religion based on love and penance that will allow you into heaven no matter what your past wrongs or faults are. Most Christian denominations have a minister or pastor who serves as the leader or guide through the rituals and readings learned by the individual. The ultimate goals in these teachings are to be accepted into God’s kingdom by being baptized, devoting your life to God, and admitting that he is your savior. These teachings are based off the original teachings and life of Jesus of Nazareth.
The history of Christianity begins with the birth of its founder, Jesus of Nazareth. The traditional story says that he was born around 4 B.C.E. In a Palestinian City called Bethlehem which was occupied by Roman authorities. His mother was a young virgin named Mary, who had become pregnant through the action of the Holy Spirit. Jesus’s birth is believed to the fulfillment of prophesies in the Jewish Old Testament. In this testament, it said that a Messiah would save the Jewish people from captivity. This is where the term “Jesus Christ” is derived from. (7) Although not much is known about Jesus until he began his ministry around the age of thirty, there is one episode of his early life in the gospel of Luke. At the age of twelve, Jesus accompanied Mary and Joseph, his earthly father, and a large group of people to Jerusalem on pilgrimage. On the way back to Bethlehem Jesus wandered into the Temple without his parents knowing. A day later they returned to look for him and it took them three days to find him in the Temple. They found him in the Temple talking to elders, who were amazed at his learning, especially at the age he was in. (17)
In the first century of the Common Era there was political instability, famines, taxation and many epidemics. (7) In Jerusalem, which was also occupied by Rome, there was an increasing tension as a result of abusive and corrupt administrators. This caused an armed Jewish uprising called the Zealot Movement which occurred during the year of Jesus’s birth. (9) This political movement in 1st century Second Temple Judaism looked to encourage people to rise against the Roman Empire and remove it from the Holy Land. Rome responded to this uprising by crucifying approximately two thousand people. (8)
Jews during this time period believed that they were living in the, “end times.” This was characterized as a time of trial and tribulation that would end with Jesus’s intervention. They believed that God would eradicate their enemies and in its place create a kingdom of justice and righteousness. The Jews hoped that God would destroy the Roman Empire and that the Messiah would appear to rule the new world. (7) To this day Jews do not believe that Jesus is the Messiah because according to their scriptures, he did not fulfill all the requirements needed to be him. There have been many other people who claimed to be the messiah and others who have come closer than...

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