This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The History Of Deaf Education Essay

1782 words - 7 pages

Long before Thomas Gallaudet founded the first permanent school for the deaf in America, controversy as to the educability and best method of communicating with the deaf have existed. In fact, in the Biblical Times section of the book The Deaf Community in America Socrates, in conversation with Hermogenes is quoted saying, “Suppose that we have no voice or tongue, and wanted to indicate objects to one another, should we not, like the deaf and dumb, make signs with the hands, head and the rest of the body? Hermogenes replied, “How could it be otherwise, Socrates?” (M.Nomeland and R.Nomeland 7). However, Aristotle in apparent disagreement with Socrates believed that hearing contributed the most to intelligence and that thought could be expressed through the medium of articulation. A belief that for the next two thousand years led to him being accused of oppressing the deaf.
Fast forward to the year 1813 in Hartford, Connecticut; a young man by the name of Thomas Gallaudet notices a young deaf girl, Alice Cogswell, having difficulty communicating with her siblings during outdoor play. Sympathetic to her disability, he takes the initiative to try to communicate with her by writing a word in the dirt with a stick, then pointing to the object that correlated to the written word. After patient encouragement the words were soon understood by the young girl, and “In that one afternoon, Gallaudet was convinced that she had the capability to learn just like the hearing kids” (33).
Gallaudet, at the request of Alice’s father Dr. Cogswell, left for England with the intentions of learning the “oral-only” method of teaching used at the Braidwood Academy of the deaf, a method that used speech training to generate sounds, but “the Braidwood family, which had a monopoly on the education of the British deaf, was unwilling to disseminate their method so Gallaudet [turned] to the abbé Sicard” (Lane 9) who was in town demonstrating the Methodical or French Method of sign. Gallaudet, “impressed by the use of signs in addition to the speech and lipreading methods used to educate French deaf children” (Lane 34) at the National Institution for the deaf Mutes in Paris, “was invited to the National Institutions teachers preparation program at no charge” (Lane 34). While there, Gallaudet studied Sicard’s methods which allowed, “the deaf to comprehend and formulate sentences in manual French and [studied] the composite meaning of … separate words” (Lane 8). After spending several months studying at the institute, Clerc accompanied Gallaudet back to America. On the fifty-two day return trip Gallaudet taught Clerc English, and Clerc helped Gallaudet with his signing skills. On April 15, 1817, seven months after returning from Paris, Gallaudet and Clerc opened “Americas first successful school for deaf children … in Hartford” (Nomeland 35) bringing enthusiasm to education; somewhat of a “golden period in deaf history” (Sacks 21) that led to the opening of schools and the...

Find Another Essay On The History of Deaf Education

The History of Music Education Essay

1114 words - 5 pages meeting was held. This led to the organizations of the Music Supervisors Conference, which later became known as the Music Educators National Conference. The movement of the music contest was becoming more prominent. In fact, in 1928 the first official national contest sponsored by the Music Educators National Conference and the National Bureau for the Advancement of Music. It is obvious to take a look at the history of music education and see

The History of Especial Education Essay

1088 words - 4 pages and court cases explicate how individual people act within their society. These laws reveal what people are allowed or not allowed to do, in effort to have an efficient society. American standards of equality are still predominant, these concepts were mirrored in the rules and lawsuits that guided special education. The way people think about disabled students has changed drastically over the years. Disabled students have moved from separate

The Deaf Community of Puget Sound

1273 words - 6 pages community. One of the most crucial facts that hearing people must know about the Deaf community is that you don’t have to be deaf to be a part of the deaf community. “The Deaf Community is comprised of individuals, both deaf and hearing, who to varying degrees embrace particular community goals that come from Deaf cultural influences”. ("On Being Deaf — A Cultural View") Hearing people may receive little to no interaction with the Deaf community in

The History of Women in Education

1223 words - 5 pages The right for women to be educated has been long sought after. The history of women education started the beginning of feminism. Education, over the last two hundred years, has changed women lives in America according to Barbara M. Solomon. In the early years of American history women were discouraged from getting a higher education it would be considered unnatural for women to be educated, and women were only taught domestic skills such as

The History of Estonia and Education

2714 words - 11 pages The History of Estonia and Education I. Introduction Oleg is a student at St. Cloud State University. Upon meeting him we became friends and he became an informant of his country Estonia. Four years ago he made a decision to leave Estonia in order to study abroad in the United States. Oleg chose the US because of the educational opportunities America has to offer. Throughout the interviewing process, I asked Oleg about the

The History of American Public Education

3069 words - 12 pages blaming the government, Mann is forcing the government to take action. Mann’s argument for education is similar to the others by focusing on the necessity of education for the nation to succeed. Mann also considers the potential the nation would attain through educating the citizens. He pondered the potential and history of the nation with “Free Schools” in each state. He notes that education is the way that children will learn virtues and

The History of Computers in Education

1808 words - 8 pages The history of computers in education starts with the MARK1 and ENIAC computers being used in 1944 and 1946 in Harvard and the University of Pennsylvania respectively. The first use of computers then in education was to compute problems in the mathematical, scientific, and engineering fields to allow students to deal with big problems they would more than likely encounter one day in a real world situation. In 1959, Donald Bitier began the “large

The History of Student-Based Education

2265 words - 10 pages Project Method Sustained Lakeisha C. Simpson Central Michigan University   Introduction Over the years teaching and learning has gone through many changes. From the teachings of Aristotle to Maria Montessori the ultimate goal is to ultimately provide the highest level of education possible for the child that is serviced. An aspect of education that began in the early stages of formal schooling in the United States that still exists

History of Education Legislation in the UK

1170 words - 5 pages One of the first pieces of education-related legislation goes back as far as 1870, when Free State education was introduced. Although school attendance wasn’t compulsory, it did offer children from less privileged backgrounds the opportunity to attend school for free. This is clearly an education policy reducing social class inequality, as it is allowing those having no money being allowed to attend school without having to pay. A second

History of Special Education

1216 words - 5 pages History of Special Education The recent history of special education began in 1975 when Congress passed the Education for all Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA). The law was renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education act (IDEA) in 1990. These laws made it mandatory for schools to meet the special needs of all students. Special education was around prior to 1975, but in most cases in a very different manner than it is today. Special

History of Special Education

1540 words - 6 pages History of Special Education Introduction Special education has faced many changes during the last century. During this time there have been many opinions on the way students with differences should be taught and treated. This paper will discuss the history of special education during the twentieth century. We will also discuss the laws associated with Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Finally we will discuss the current and

Similar Essays

The History Of The Gallaudet School For The Deaf

831 words - 4 pages more property. The school, also, had to deal with opposition. Elihu Washburne, Chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations, was against providing federal funds to support higher education fro the deaf and dumb. He was not successful in his attempt to stop the school's funding. Ironically, in 1880, Washburne's nephew would be graduating from the college. Throughout the time of the school's history, many presidents have visited the school

The History Of The Gallaudet School For The Deaf

815 words - 4 pages The Gallaudet School of the Deaf is a University in Washington D.C. The school was first intended for the deaf and the blind. Mason Cogswell had a daughter, Alice, who was deaf. He, like any father, was worried about her education since she could not learn like normal children. Cogswell found out that in England Thomas Braidwood had started a deaf school, so he sent the most trusted person he knew to investigate the school. He convinced his

The History Of Education Essay

1225 words - 5 pages Being asked how to define education is essentially a trick question. Education does not have one set definition. It is a blend of theories, thoughts and concepts that have radically changed over time. We can look at different parts of education in attempt to define education, but in reality this will never come to be. The history of education can be looked at socially, economically and politically to gain different perspectives on what

The History Of Multicultural Education Essay

1737 words - 7 pages European American history. After the sparse lessons were taught about minorities they were again left to discuss and adapt the dominant culture in the classroom. Textbook still focused on the European American experience. In 1987, the California State Board of Education realized that the texts that were being used in classes were in need of recognizing all cultures. California determined that they had to be a new framework that took into account the