This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Realist And Liberalist Perspectives On International Relations And Us Policy Stance Toward Iraq

1765 words - 7 pages

The Realist and Liberalist Perspectives on International Relations and US Policy Stance Toward Iraq

There are two prominent stances in International Relations. The
schools of thought are commonly referred to as realist and liberalist.
There are various names that they are called, and they can also be
split further into subdivisions. However, for the purposes of this
question I will just refer to the main schools of thought, and the
main aims of both the paradigms. At a first glance at this question,
my gut feeling is that the United States aims to achieve the same as
the liberalists, that of world peace. But the current stance of the US
policy is to achieve this utopia by realist methods, pre-emptive war,
balance of power and deterrence.

The realist stance to International Relations believes that it is the
state that is the most important actor and that war is a permanent
likelihood and war is never far away. The statement that can reinforce
this is; "security is the dominant goal of any state"[1]. For a state
to achieve its goals, the realists argue that it uses both military
and economic power to manipulate International Relations in the
current climate. Realist belief is that the state is the only dominant
power that can influence the military to such an extent. It cannot
only impose order internally, but also be used to do so inside rogue
and failing states. The use of the military to achieve its goals
raises the fear of another nation that, inadvertently, brings war ever
closer through the distrust and paranoia of other nations.

As security is the dominant goal, the state will have military forces.
In a world full of such states, an act of aggression by just one state
can degenerate the peaceful world into one of war. This type of
uncertainty therefore means that security has to be the dominant goal.
The Iraq question has proven that with the emphasis on security,
living in fear of attack, the realist stance brings us closer to war.

States wishing to arm themselves against attack may be seen as
mobilising for war. This happens because there is no distinction
between offensive and defensive weapons. In such a case a "security
dilemma" is raised.[2] Such a question has been raised over Iraq; is
Saddam Hussein arming for war against the West or for defence against
the West? This is difficult to show because of the lack of distinction
between offensive and defensive weapons.

The mutual distrust of Iraq and the United States of America can be
explained by the fact that under the realist paradigm power is a chief
aim. This power is achieved by defending themselves against possible
aggressors and also at the expense of their rivals. In the current
climate, the United States is defensive and aggressive towards Iraq
and vice versa.

With the struggle for power, or at least...

Find Another Essay On The Realist and Liberalist Perspectives on International Relations and US Policy Stance Toward Iraq

International Relations Perspectives Essay

1138 words - 5 pages International Relations Perspectives Realist Perspective The basis for the realist perspective focuses on the struggle for power; and, proposes that this is the central cause of events in international affairs. This perspective “sees the world largely in terms of a struggle for power in which strong actors seek to dominate weak ones and weak actors resist strong ones to preserve their interests and independence…There is no overarching or

North Korea and Chinese Relations: Impact of Lockeian Elements on US Foreign Policy

3244 words - 13 pages Impact of Lockeian Elements on US Foreign Policy; North Korean and Chinese Relations Due to Marxist-Leninist Policies and a Look at Korean Culture Resulting From Extreme Ideologies The realist worldview of North Korea characterizes North Korea as a coalesced form of belligerence that must be dealt with through American containment and deterrence. Because of the rising fear produced by North Korea’s growing nuclear power and radical

Is A Realist Understanding Of International Relations Still Applicable In The Early Twenty First Century?

1541 words - 6 pages PAGE 1 Essay 1Respond to any one title in no more than 1,500 words.Chosen Title:Is a realist understanding of international relations still applicable in the early twenty first century?In Politics we must act "as if all men are wicked and that they will always give rent to the malignity that is in their hands when opportunity offers" (Machiavelli: 1970 Book 1, Chapter 3) purporting that each state will do what it needs to do in order to

Labour Party and the New Liberalist Ideas

1453 words - 6 pages change and help the people lead themselves into lives of equality. Equality is a goal many nations during the early 20th century were trying to achieve. Social democracy after William returned from World War I and during the interwar period was largely comprised of the New Liberalist ideas and the Labour Movement. England: 1935. Just seventeen years after the ‘end ’ of World War I and less than four years away from the beginning of World War II

Peace in the Middle East: Jumpstarting the Process This was written in Feb 2003 for a International Relations course. What the US should do to make progress in the Israeli/Palestinian problem

1321 words - 5 pages actions can serve as a double sword for America, not just against the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, which several believe must see a resolution before war with Iraq can be declared, but also against the ongoing War on Terrorism. If nothing else, the no tolerance policy that Bush has placed on terrorists should justify this effort. Eliminating all terrorist organizations is quite an impossible feat; therefore, this action must be followed by

McCarthyism and the Korean War's effect on Us, USSR relations

593 words - 2 pages same, south of the line. They both, however, believed in a reunification of Korea; but like Germany, they each set up rival regimes above and below the parallel, thus causing more tension between the US and USSR relations. The first shot came from the North Korean army in a Soviet-made tank. Truman sprang into action, for he believed that if America relaxed its guard for a moment, that he would give communism an invitation.President Truman was

The Nixon Doctrine and Its Effects on International Relations

1341 words - 5 pages International Law. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved July 2, 2011 from EBSCOhost The Nixon Doctrine (2011). In Encyclopedia of the New American Nation. Retrieved July 2, 2011, from Ravenal, E. C. (1971). The Nixon Doctrine and Our Asian Commitments. Foreign Affairs, 49(2), 201-217. Retrieved July 2, 2011 from EBSCOhost Roskin, M., & Berry, N. (2010). IR: The new world of international relations: 2010 edition (8th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Longman/Pearson Education.

Terrorism and International Relations

2341 words - 10 pages policy in the US is not responsible for Al-Qaeda’s beginnings, but it is responsible for its existence now. Rectifying US behavior on the international stage by pursuing policies which would undermine al-Qaeda’s sway on the people to whom al-Qaeda claims the US is waging a war of repression sounds like a tangible and desirable stratagem. Doing nation-building of the positive kind, at least in theory, disabuses already disadvantaged people from

Politics and International Relations

702 words - 3 pages movement in Egypt. Another section that I wish to probe deeper is US Foreign Policy especially ‘War on Terror’ that was commenced soon after 9/ 11.Therefore, I took the initiative to read monthly reports and essays that are published on ‘Foreign Affairs’ by Council on Foreign Relations. I am confident that I can utilise skills that I have developed in my A’ level sujects. Essay practices in History and Sociology helped me to write well- balanced

Sociological Perspectives on Alcohol Use, Problems, and Policy

2390 words - 10 pages laws for drinking and driving is enforced by law enforcement officers. It is a duty for addiction workers to help in the aid of these problems and its laws and policies that help in putting a stop to some of the problems that arise from this addiction. This research paper will help enable sociologists to determine what the ongoing effects have on an alcoholic and further provides information on the long-term effects that society has to

Ethics and International Relations

1191 words - 5 pages perspectives of Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill demonstrate that customs with contrasting ethics can be understood by focusing on ramifications of customary actions and duties of individuals. In “Utilitarianism,” John Stuart Mill emphasizes that the ethics of individuals and societal system are reflected in their moral value, such as happiness or pleasure. He argues that individuals only focus on maximizing their happiness in life by either preventing

Similar Essays

Realist And Liberalist Perspectives Of Globalization

824 words - 3 pages economy by providing the relative distribution of power in several countries. Since every country has its own function in the system, the hegemonic power is mandatory to sustain the world economy and international trade. Works Cited Nau, Henry R. Perspectives on International Relations. 2nd Ed. Washington D.C.: George Washington University, 2007. Print.

Why Is Power Central To Realist Perspectives Of International Relations?

1404 words - 6 pages history (Chiaruzzi, 2012, pp. 37). In contrast, neorealism is based on a scientific method by examining economic theory and philosophy of science rather than historical reflection (Chiaruzzi, 2012, pp. 41). In addition, power is central to realist perspectives of International Relations because it is crucial for the understanding of two principal issues: who can be expected to win a conflict? And, related to this, who governs international politics

International Relations: Beirut, Lebano And The Us

625 words - 3 pages successes and very few failures. sadly, this attack being a failure. There were claims on U.S. Marine officers claiming that they did not take proper steps to protect the barracks against terrorists attacks. (CNN Library) Obviously, since that tragic attack, as an international network with advancements in technology, we have have changed pour security and improved it with the privileges of having such high tech hardware and software to keep not only America safe, but other countries as well.

International Relations Perspectives On Terrorism Essay

719 words - 3 pages Center and the U.S. Pentagon. Immediately following these traumas, there “began a reorientation in foreign policy towards weak and failing states” (Skuldt, n.d., p. 1). The world of academia has traditionally focused on international relations as a discipline, with a sub-categorization on foreign policy. Historically, terrorism was not study specific. Focus on foreign policy allows for further exploration of policy analysis, theory and