“The Reason for God” by Timothy Keller addresses many major issues that people have with Christianity, and he disproves the issues faced and explains the reasons for faith. The book has two parts. Part 1 is called the Leap of Doubt, whereas Part 2 is the Reasons for Faith. The point of this whole book is to help one understand Christianity fully so they can either come to faith or decide that they would have nothing to do with it, either way they end up being able to have an educated argument by a full understanding.
This book is divided into fourteen sections, each addressing a major issue people have with Christianity and the church. The first statement Keller addresses is people saying that there cannot be only one true religion. There are three approaches taken to address the issue of divisiveness between religions. There are calls to outlaw religion; this takes the stance that religion was temporary and was only around to help one adapt to their environment, but it is permanent and is essential for human condition (6). The next call is to condemn religion, but if one does that, what are the morals of right and wrong based off, therefore this argument ruins itself (10). The next idea would be to keep religion completely private but that would simply be hiding the identity of many individuals by being unable to explain what life is all about and one’s ultimate goal in life (15). Christianity in and of itself explains why it is essential in human life and in the human heart.
The next argument is how can a good God allow suffering. This is the chapter that sticks with me most because it is one that I can relate to as I have found myself asking that question many times before. Suffering is not easy for anyone, but just because there is not a known and good reason for it does not mean that there cannot be one (23). The major argument that helped me understand suffering is that God came to earth to endure it himself (26). He is an almighty God that did not need to suffer, but He did so in that He was able to understand the ultimate pain. This argument helped me because it helped me to realize that many of us endure a lot of pain in our lives, but so did God.
The next topic is “Community Is a Straightjacket”. The first point made is that community cannot be completely inclusive. The outside argues that the community has separated themselves. However, any community that has a set of specific beliefs and practices must be somewhat exclusive considering they hold themselves to a certain standard. If a community did not have beliefs and practices, they would not be a community at all. We should criticize Christians when they condemn unbelievers, but we should not criticize churches because they have standards for membership according to their beliefs (40). The follow-up argument made against Keller is “the church is responsible for so much injustice”. This assumption is made by people who do not understand what Christianity teaches, they are...