If you ask someone if they ever heard of the Crusades the answer will most likely be yes. Does that mean that they know what the Crusades are? No. Many Jewish people who don’t know much about the Crusades assume it was merely targeted against the Jews and it resulted in the death of countless Jews. Other than that they are oblivious to the true facts. So what were the Crusades?
The Crusades were great military missions embarked on by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the hands of the Moslems. The Crusades were considered Holy Wars (1). Their main target was the Moslems not the Jews, although campaigns were also waged against pagan Slavs, Jews, Russian and Greek orthodox Christians, Mongols, Cathars, Hussites, Waldensians Old Prussians, and political enemies of the popes (2). There were many Crusades some more significant than others, but in general the Crusades was an important event in the history of Medieval Europe.
Religious feelings were the principal cause of the Crusades. Up until 1065 the Moslems had control of Jerusalem, a city which held a Holy significance to the Christian religion. The Christians would make pilgrimages to see the Holy city and its churches. Although Jerusalem was under the control of the Moslems, the Christians were granted a safe passage to visit the Holy city. Then in 1065 the Turks took over Jerusalem. They made a huge massacre against Christian pilgrims and around three thousand Christians were killed. This angered the Christians greatly. They were overcome with the desire to rescue the Holy Land from the Turks. Their way of doing this was through fighting in Crusades (1).
Aside from their need to defend the Holy Land the Christians had a restless, adventurous force to them. Those with their new vows of knighthood were energetic by the spirit of chivalry, and very ready to fight. The...