This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Reasons Behind The Cold War

1506 words - 6 pages

The Cold war was a sustained state of military and political tension between powers of two dominating powers from opposite sides of the globe. One from the Western Bloc, or Capitalist Bloc, dominated by the United States (U.S) and the other from the Eastern Block, or Communist Bloc, powered by the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R). Obviously both very different, the opposing ideas of the superpowers supported the spread of their respective and economic systems and strengthened their military powers. As a result, the two sides developed new weapon systems, stockpiled nuclear weapons, and competed in space exploration. But what actually caused these tensions between the two? How come their differences in ideology made it impossible to cooperate?

It all started at the end of the Second World War. In WWII, the United States and the Soviet Union were allies against Germany and their allies. After defeating Germany, the allies did not agree on how to European map should look like and how borders should be drawn. Each side had dissimilar ideas on the establishment and maintenance of post-war security with the Western allies desiring a security system established by democratic governments permitting countries to resolve conflicts through international organizations. The Russians on the other hand, with an enormous death toll (estimated at 27 million) sought to increase security by dominating the internal affairs of countries that bordered it . During the ending period of war, Stalin had made in place special training centers for Communists all around the world so they could set up secret police forces loyal to Moscow as soon as the Red Army took control. Soviet agents then quickly took control of the media, the radio especially, and then banned all civic institutions, from youth groups to schools, churches, and rival political parties.
Stalin also sought to continue a relationship with his allies. According to author Henry Heller, “From the Soviet perspective, a postwar period of peace and reconstruction was indispensable. Therefore, the continuation of cooperation and peaceful relations with its wartime allies, the United States and Great Britain, was greatly to be desired."

However, President Truman went through with making two very significant plans, the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine.
Put in effect in June 1947, the Marshall Plan was to stop the Soviet Union from influencing any of the weakened powers in the west. During that time, the United States had sent billions of dollars in aid to European democracies in order for them to rebuild after the war. Stalin did not understand and saw Truman’s actions as insensitive to the Russians who had many deaths and war damages.
As a result, Stalin refused to aid in the Marshall Plan. He also defied these plans with setting up Pro-Communist governments in Poland and other countries all over Eastern countries making the “Iron Curtain” separating the East and West in Europe. This lack of rebuilding from the...

Find Another Essay On The Reasons behind the Cold War

The Cold War (DBQ) Essay

627 words - 3 pages Union both took part in fighting.According to the AP text book, the Cold war began for a number of different reasons. One of the main reasons this war began was that there were huge differences in the way that the Soviet and the US led one another and the disagreements eventually reached a final rising point, causing several feuds as well, riots. The US was a democratic state where many parties could stand and elections were held. It was a fair

The Cold War Essay

2556 words - 10 pages H-bomb and the space race should have been slower because such advancements only further chilled the US and USSR relations, pitting them both more against each other during the Cold War. In this essay I briefly cover the Cold War, but first you must understand why there was the Cold War. After discussing the reasons behind the Cold war, this essay outlines what happened during the Cold War in five-year segments.The Cold War started because of

The Cold War

996 words - 4 pages The Cold War began after World War Two. It was the major force in world politics for most of the second half of the twentieth century. The main enemies were the United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold war got its name because both sides were afraid of fighting each other directly. In such a "hot war," nuclear weapons might destroy everything. So, instead, they fought each other indirectly. They supported conflicts in different parts of the

The Cold War

1427 words - 6 pages symbol showing the world that the United States was prepared to win the Cold War, no matter of the cost (internet 1). Proof that the Cold War was well underway. Even before NSC-68, in February 1947, Great Briton informed Washington that they would stop supplying aid to Greece, for economic reasons. The US under the Truman Doctrine announced $400 million in aid would be given to Greece. The Athens regime was so weak that it would fall to the

The Major Cold War

860 words - 4 pages communist spies in US. So in response US government passed many orders. Some were ordered investigation, created organization to spot communists etc. America’s reaction to the cold war during the 1950s was justified. The main reasons were the treat of communism to US democracy, peace and a nuclear war. The cold a rivalry between two powerful countries US and USSR, which had different types of government. US had a democratic government while USSR had a

The Cold War - 1596 words

1596 words - 6 pages 'Catcher In The Rye' Resonated Behind Iron Curtain As Well." RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. N.p., 29 Jan. 2010. Web. 17 Mar. 2014. . Naranjo, Robert . " Historical analysis of the Cold War." N.p., 6 May 2003. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. . "Red Scare." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014.

The Cold War Summarized

1612 words - 6 pages The period of tension between the world's two superpowers following the Second World War is known as the Cold War. This period was full of tension and fear that the United States and the USSR would destroy each other and the world with their arsenals of atomic weapons. The seeds of this rivalry were planted nearly a quarter of a century before its actual commencement with the Revolution of 1918 in Russia. The Cold War Rivalry would manifest

The Cold War - 1842 words

1842 words - 7 pages , what startled him was that the U.S. actually used it. The United States had created a new class of weapon, the nuclear bomb. The start of the Cold War sprouted for many reasons including the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, democracy vs. communist, and essentially the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union. Everyone wants to be the best, and everyone wants to be auspicious. This is a trait most people carry, no matter

The Cold War - 1472 words

1472 words - 6 pages , achieve great strides in the Cold War by signing SALT I and opening talks with China. Jimmy Carter would be elected president in 1976 believing in détente, and also did not like the irrational fear that Americans had of communism. But Carter would antagonize Brezhnev by criticizing the Soviet Union's abuse of human rights, which would lead to SALT II being stalled and finally withdrawn when the Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979 (Edwards

The Reasons Behind the 1920's Boom

1761 words - 7 pages The Reasons Behind the 1920's Boom Introduction: This essay will mainly examine the main reasons for the boom of America in the 1920s. Boom can be referred to as the increase in economy, industry, population and different other factors. Moving out of the poor lands of Europe and Asia, there was a place found at last where one could find Happiness or more precisely MONEY. This glorious land was the 'richest country in

The Cold War

2510 words - 10 pages was the most powerful nation in the world. It is said that absolute power corrupts absolutely, and with postwar America it was no different. Given the unilateral power to spread its ideals of self-determination, liberty, equality, and individualism; America instead effectively subverted these principles not only around the world, but domestically as well. The unlimited global power and Cold War paranoia of the postwar years to the assassination of

Similar Essays

The Reasons Behind The War With Iraq

1080 words - 4 pages be obvious to everyone that he has no intention of ever fully co-operating with the United Nations Council. We are twelve years behind schedule in taking action against this type of political manipulation. The time has come to finally eradicate this proverbial pain. ( United Nations Security Council 2 )The world would be a much safer place without Saddam Hussein because his chemical and biological weapons pose a threat to every kind of life form

Reasons Behind Russia Entering The War In 1914

2678 words - 11 pages Reasons Behind Russia Entering the War in 1914 There were no clear signs that the tsarist government wanted war in 1914. Russia’s experience ten years earlier against Japan had made it wary of putting itself at risk again, and its foreign policy after 1905 had been essentially defensive. It had joined France and Britain in the Triple Entente as a means of guarding itself against the alliance of the Central Powers

The Reasons Behind Bloody Sunday Essay

3245 words - 13 pages The Reasons Behind Bloody Sunday Both of these sources are primary as both were written at the time, but Source B is an account written by someone who was actually within the workers of the strike whereas Source A is the account of events as the Tsar saw them or heard about them. This however does not make Source B more useful than Source A just because it was written by someone within the crowd. This source could

Reasons Behind The Industrial Revolution Essay

3264 words - 13 pages Reasons Behind the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was the widespread replacement of labor by machines driven by water wheels, windmills and later by steam power. This change called the Industrial Revolution was a process, which began in the 18th century and continued well into the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution was the result of interrelated changes, which transformed agricultural economies