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The Reasons For Early Weaknesses Of The Weimar Republic

1667 words - 7 pages

The Reasons for Early Weaknesses of the Weimar Republic

Germany suffered a great tragedy during its clash with various
European countries, which became the First World War, the biggest war
of its time. An unanticipated defeat led the Germans leading them
into an age of darkness. A government was formed under the umbrella of
democracy at this time when huge opposition, anger and division were
rampant in German society: due to the defeat of WW1. Germany was torn
apart due to the political penalty left by defeat. The old government
who fled in fear handed over the power of governance to the new
government, later known as the Weimar republic. The Weimar republic
was often referred to as the ‘November Criminals’ for what the public
were made to believe and their obvious mentality towards them; they
were portrayed as the perpetrators of war and the blame of World War 1
fell upon them, this political deception was later known as the ‘stab
in the back.’

The treaty of Versailles was the initial point of Germany’s chain of
weaknesses. This ‘enforced’ treaty was an unforgivable blow to the
pride and honour of Germany and it’s people. The misguided people of
Germany were under the perception that the war weighed heavier in
their favour, through clever manipulative media propaganda, to the
people’s shock Germany was ‘forced’ to sign a harsh peace treaty after
an unexpected defeat. This became the heart of hostility and
resentment towards both the leaders and the victorious allies. The
resultants were that Germany was disarmed miniaturising their army.
Territory and colonies were lost and reparations were awaiting
payment.

The Weimar Republic did not want war nor did they run it, nevertheless
they were blamed relentlessly for it, the war and the treaty, a blame
that lasted 4 years. Primarily the political burden which they took on
was immense, an unavoidable consequence of defeat in war. Germany’s
internal powers began to fight for political power, from both the left
and the right. The army itself was a political power, anti-democratic
but obedient to an extent to the Weimar Republic and was on a steeper
slope to fame and power.

The government was inclined to the left wing more than the right, they
were known as the social democrats (SPD) and the communists were the
established far left wing movement. The communists in particular were
further signs of great weakness in the Weimar Republic; they desired
to come under a communist state. This fact ultimately led to
insurgence in Germany; they were determined to take control by force
under the flag of Spartaciscm and Communism. The ruling leaders, Ebert
at the time, needed to take instantaneous action or their power would
be abolished and forcefully taken off them To re-instigate peace they
called upon the army to degrade the...

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