The Reasons Behind Puerto Rican Migration To America

2570 words - 10 pages

The Reasons Behind Puerto Rican Migration to America

As a Puerto Rican who was born and raised in Hartford, I did not think much about how or why my parents are here in the United States. It was after reading the articles in Hist 247 Reader: Latinos in the USA that I began to question the reasons and conditions of my grandparent's migration. Many think that Puerto Ricans began to migrate to the United States after 1898 when the United States took over Puerto Rico but Puerto Ricans have been migrating to the US since 1840's. The Puerto Rican migration is best described in two different experiences. The first experience from later 19th Century to early 20th Century is the migration due to the economic and social situations in Puerto Rico while the second experience from 1940's to the present is mostly due to the chain migration and the thought that the United States will offer them a better life. Both waves of migration brought new experiences to the United States like the struggle of identity, politics, and power.

The fundamental motive for leaving Puerto Rico was economic. The article "The Genesis of the Puerto Rican Migration" mentions that during 1878-1879 there was a major shift in capitalist mode from haciendas to sugar plantations. Around 1870 braceros and peasants began to leave the island to go to Santo Domingo, Cuba, etc... Under North American domination 1898-1901, Puerto Rico became an expansion in which allowed " for control of the means of production in the colony and the transformation of the "sugar islands" into exporters of products needed in the metropolis" (Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueño 348). To the United States, Puerto Rico became a means to gain more capital and power in the Caribbean. I agree with Clara Morel when she writes," "Under the domination of the United States, Puerto Rico didn’t have control over their means of production. Instead, the United States possessed that power and transformed their island into a metropolitan economy. Workers were subjected to the changing demands of US capital expansion, and their migratory movements were shaped accordingly. The United States used Puerto Rico as a medium through which they could gain power and accumulate more monetary resources. And undoubtedly, Puerto Ricans signified nothing more to them than a reserved workforce". In the article "Imperialism and Agrarian Capitalism 1898-1930" the author writes, "Between 1898-1940 the growth, employment , and patterns of movement of the Puerto Rican population were conditioned by the establishment and decline of the capitalist plantation system on the Island. The degree of relative overpopulation varied in the major branches of production- cane cultivation, sugar manufacture, tobacco and needlework and this engendered both the movement within the colony and the emigration out" (104). As overpopulation became a big issue so did unemployment. Migration occurred because many Puerto Ricans thought that by leaving Puerto Rico they...

Find Another Essay On The Reasons Behind Puerto Rican Migration to America

The Identity of a Puerto Rican

3158 words - 13 pages Rican frustrations with US rule, a frustration that intensified in the 1930's" (38). Industrialization, Modernization and Migration This would be what Gonzalez considers the fourth storey in which shows "an advanced American capitalism and opportunistic Puerto Rican populism began to build onto the island's social structure from the 1940s on" (27). This was a time of social and economic transformation for Puerto Rico. The political realm was

Puerto Rican Music in the United States

1713 words - 7 pages Puerto Rican Music in the United States Music has always been a pervasive symbol of identity. It is a mode of expression that crosses gender, ethnicity and age. One need not understand the lyrics to identify with a musical genre; identification can be found through rhythm, tone of music, as well as other techniques in the music, unrelated to words. For example, most operas are in Italian and obviously everyone that attends an opera, does not

The Identity of an American Puerto Rican

1868 words - 7 pages visions for the Island of Puerto Rico of which many, till this day, are still trying to be touched on. From fighting the Spanish-American War to invading the island, the Puerto Rican people did not once stop fighting for what was there’s. Americans tried so hard to make Puerto Rico a little America but through many struggles, were denied all rights. Puerto Ricans have to admit that, though they are not an official state of the United States of America, they are in a sense, still Americans because they have citizenship. And because some finally accepted the English language as a second language, whether by choice or by force.

The Identity of a Black Puerto Rican

1294 words - 5 pages states, "The United States used its power to restrict Puerto Rican trade, from which Whites in America and Puerto Rico prosperred heavily. Black and other non-White Puerto Ricans were exploited under both colonial regimes." However, the overt racism in the United States widened the gap between races even further than Spanish colonization had. Unlike in Puerto Rico, there was a strong sense of discrimination in the United States. This

The United States Effect on Puerto Rican Music

1642 words - 7 pages the experience of Puerto Rican musicians both on the island and in the Diaspora. U.S rule was in part responsible for Puerto Rican migration both within the island and off the island. This is so due to the political and economic relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States. As a result new genres, or styles of Puerto Rican music were created. The U.S also controlled how the music of the island would be communicated to the rest of the

Reasons Behind the Nazis Coming to Power

2030 words - 8 pages Reasons Behind the Nazis Coming to Power In January 1933, Hitler became chancellor of Germany, there are many reasons for him and the Nazis coming into power. They are long term and short-term cause, which can be classed under 3 main headings: weakness of opposition, strengths of Nazis and economic factors. The weaknesses of the opposition helped the Nazis come into power because Hitler took advantage of them. The

Spanish Colonialism on the History of Puerto Rican People

1890 words - 8 pages . 98-170, 194-231, 242-250. Fernandez, Ronald. (1996). The Disenchanted Island: Puerto Rico and the United States in the Twentieth Century (Second Edition). Westport: Praeger. Ferré, Rosario. (1995). The House on the Lagoon. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. Figueroa, L. (Sept.15, 1998). Lecture from "Puerto Rico". From Colonial Subjects to National Minority: Puerto Rican Migration. Figueroa, Luis. (September 17, 1998). Lecture

Spanish Language's Influence on the Puerto Rican Identity

2345 words - 9 pages , Straus, and Giroux. Figueroa, L. (Sept.15, 1998). Lecture from "Puerto Rico". From Colonial Subjects to National Minority: Puerto Rican Migration. Figueroa, Luis. (September 17, 1998). Lecture from "Puerto Rico". From Tainos to Early Spanish Colonialism. Figueroa, Luis. (October 6, 1998). Lecture from "Puerto Rico". Settler Colonialism and Nationalism in the 19th Century. Figueroa, Luis. (October 22, 1998). Lecture from "Puerto

The Role of Music in Puerto Rican Popular Culture

1600 words - 6 pages The Role of Music in Puerto Rican Popular Culture What is Puerto Rican music like? Where did it develop, and around when did it develop? What makes it up? These are very valid questions for someone who does not know anything about Puerto Rican music or Latin music in general. To understand Puerto Rican music and what it means to Puerto Rican people in general, you must look at the beginning. First there are different kinds of music

Puerto Rican Culture Development within the New York Diaspora

782 words - 4 pages According to census research at Lehman College (1), during 1945 to the 1950’s more than half a million Puerto Rican natives migrated to several parts of the USA, originally from their own homeland, Puerto Rico. Several of the locations that Puerto Ricans migrated to include Chicago, New Jersey, Boston, Philadelphia, and New York City. One of the cities that experienced a large boom of Puerto Rican population was New York. This period was known

Interacting with Deborah, a Member of the Puerto Rican Community

930 words - 4 pages Deborah, as she shall heretofore be called, is a member of the Puerto Rican population. On April 17, 2014, we met for coffee in Cynthia’s Lounge after the weekly Victory Campus Ministries (VCM) meeting. Deborah was selected as the subject for this paper for several reasons. Firstly, she is considered to be a member of a special population. Secondly, she is outgoing and personable; those aspects of her personality would make conversing with

Similar Essays

Puerto Rican Migration To The United States

1559 words - 6 pages Puerto Rican Migration to the United States Unlike Mexicans, Puerto Ricans did not have a vast amount of land. However, the whites in America effected both people. Mexicans would lose their land in the southwest to the Anglos. The Treaty of Guadeloupe would create a harsh environment for the Mexicans where they were not equal citizens. Whites would come into the southwest and take the land that previously belonged to the Mexicans. For

The Role Of Music During And After Puerto Rican Migration To The United States

1164 words - 5 pages The Role of Music During and After Puerto Rican Migration to the United States For Puerto Ricans, music served infinite purposes. It allowed for the formation and reformation of cultural views and opinions, through the lyrics in the songs. These views were constantly changing, which in turn fed into the ever evolving identity of the Puerto Rican people. As a vehicle of expression it stimulated thought and provided a method of

Reasons Behind Obesity In The United States Of America

1116 words - 5 pages lkar English 1201 Research paper May 2 2014 Reasons behind obesity in the United States of America United States of America is one of the most leading obese countries in the world, and the reasons are fairly understandable. We can observe that on our own. We have fast food chains on every block, where the foods are very cheap and unhealthy. Besides, we have more and more technology to make our lives easier. Hence people are getting lazier. All

The History Of Puerto Ricans' Migration To The United States

1679 words - 7 pages willing to work for low wages. Puerto Ricans had absolutely no say in what their salary would be. They only received $.05 above the minimum wage for agricultural workers in New Jersey. For more history on Puerto Ricans and their migration to the United States read Paul Alfonso's paper. His paper describes the Puerto Rican history and struggle in migrating to the United States. Puerto Ricans also faced the problem of low wages when they