The Reasons Hitler Came To Power
In 1933, Hitler the leader of the NSDAP (National Socialist German
Workers Party) became the Chancellor of Germany which was in crisis at
the time. I will try to explore some of the reasons why he progressed
in gaining this position.
After the Treaty of Versailles, Germanys' government was a coalition
of two political parties. The government was part Social Demarcates
and part Peoples Parties these governments both were in favor of the
Treaty of Versailles and wanted Germany to pay back their reparations.
The Weimar Republic was set up mainly to help Germany out of their
economic crisis at that time. Germany lost a lot of its land and the
German people very hostile towards current government. Hitler
exploited the weakness of the government.
Germany also had other economic problems as they were paying
reparations to France and Britain and they did not have enough
resources due to the Treaty of Versailles. Germanytherefore was
assisted by America. But as the Wall Street Crash occurred all of the
loans and investment that America had became worthless and America
recalled loans from Germany. Germany was in crisis and unemployment
rapidly rose. At this time the five major banks in Germany had shut.
People who had savings were becoming worthless day by day. The great
inflation as it was referred to be was a major hit in the German
economy. Many social groups were affected. The German people had lost
faith in the Weimar republic.
America assisted Germany by the Dawes plan in 1924 which suggested
that Germany payment should be restructured based on their ability to
pay over the years. But this was seen as a short term plan which
failed and didn't make the current government looks any better at the
time. This was because they expected for Germany to recover quickly.
The Young plan was also introduced in 1929 which gave a set amount to
pay over limited period of time this also failed.
But Germany attitude toward this negative right wing parties in
Germany saw this as another handover to the war guilt that Germany was
to accept. German people felt betrayed by its government. The
Nationalists and Hitler's Nazi party then joined together to form a
national opposition. They then proposed a law which was against
Germany paying any more reparations and insisted that the Minister to
be disciplined for agreeing to the treaty. The proposal for a national
referendum took place. But only small turnout which was not nears the
21 million that was required by the constitution.
This helped Hitler's Nazi party to be known to German people as a
major contender in future. Hitler party had a very clear ideology. The
Nazi ideology was based on Darwin's theory of natural selection.
Hitler considered Aryans as a race that...