The Causes Of World War One

1525 words - 6 pages

The Causes of World War One
Some people believe that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was the primary cause of World War I, but it was just one event that triggered the conflict. Many other events and political beliefs combined to lead thirty-two nations into war. Resentments from earlier wars, advances in technology and military strength and a chain of alliances all contributed to the first "Great War" of the Twentieth Century. The United States tried to remain neutral, but it was pulled into the Great War, and changed America forever.
In the years before the war, Europe was very unstable. Nationalism, the belief that loyalty to a person's nation and its political and economic goals come first, was growing. People of the same heritage, language, culture and political beliefs wanted to form their own independent nations or states. During the 1800's many groups were separated and angry. The Congress of Vienna had caused Germany to be divided into many parts. Italy was also divided with some parts under foreign control and the Belgians were under Dutch rule. Belgium won its independence in 1830, Italy became unified in 1861 and Germany united in 1871. This led Germany and Italy to become two great world powers.
But in the early 1900's, the Balkan Peninsula was the "Powder Keg of Europe." Many different groups were under the control of the Turks of the Ottoman Empire, and they wanted to be independent. In 1912 and 1913 the Balkan Wars took place. In the first war, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro took control away from the Turks. In the second war, Serbia, Greece, Romania and Turkey forced Bulgaria to give up a large part of Macedonia to the other four countries ("Army"). These wars made Serbia even more determined to take over the parts of Austria-Hungary where many Serbian people lived. At the same time, both Bulgaria and Turkey, who lost land in the Balkan Wars, wanted revenge.
Meanwhile, other countries of Europe were busy building military strength. The nations of Europe did not trust each other. Some people believe that Germany was most responsible for World War I, because it wanted to become the strongest power in Europe (Ruggenberg). By the early 1900's Germany had the best army in the world and was building a strong navy. This made other nations nervous, and the British developed the Dreadnought, the first modern battleship. Germany began building ships to defeat the Dreadnought and developed submarines (U-boats). France worked to build a stronger army and increased the time people had to serve in the military from two to three years. All the other nations of Europe began to spend much more money to make their armies extremely powerful. During the four years between 1910 and 1914, Germany and Austria both doubled the amount of money they spent on their militaries (Craig, 484). Technology made it possible to develop new weapons such as the machine...

Find Another Essay On The Causes of World War One

The Causes of the Outbreak of World War One

2046 words - 8 pages The Causes of the Outbreak of World War One The first world war was caused by a combination of these two factors and no-one reason can be assigned full responsibility because of the heavy linkage between the two. The Balkans have been at the head of most European problems, even today there is still conflict in the region. During the run up to the 1st world war were again the key focus of world attention

The Causes of World War One, Austro-Hungary

1995 words - 8 pages stability of Europe was threatened” (Duffy, Michael, Causes of World War 1). Russia tied herself to France to protect one another if one was in war. France came to the aid of Russia because Russia was at war with Austria and Germany. “Britain, allied to France by a more loosely worded treaty which placed a "moral obligation" upon her to defend France, declared war against Germany on 4 August. Her reason for entering the conflict lay in another

The long and short term causes of world war one

1023 words - 4 pages What were the long and short term causes of world war one The Causes of World War One Although the causes leading up to the "Great War" are many and varied, it is a controversial and perhaps impossible task to pinpoint the most important one. The most prominent cause is the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, but to truly understand how the world was tipped into chaos, one must look past the obvious, and into the conflicts

essay concerning the causes of world war one

2712 words - 11 pages WAS THE FIRST WORLD WAR PLANNED ORTHE RESULT OF ACCIDENT AND MISCALCULATION?In the immediate view, it seems that there are two main arguments attributed to the origins of the First World War. One is that the war was planned, the other that it occurred due to accident and miscalculation. I aim to give a detailed analysis of these two arguments with the focus being on the main European powers at the time - Germany, Great Britain, France and

Militarism, Nationalism, and the System of Alliances: The Causes of World War One

1481 words - 6 pages other countries jumped into war as well. A map and table compiled from different sources including Colin Nicolson’s The First World War, also demonstrates how militarism could have led to hard feelings, and then to war, (Doc. 11). On the map, almost every nation owned vast amounts of land, but Great Britain topped them all. Thus, feeling inadequate, the other European Nations all attempted to outdo one another at the same time. When things got

The Causes and Blame for World War One

1765 words - 7 pages conference.” (Beck) This was not good enough for Austria, they wanted all their demands met, it was ultimatum after all. Works Cited Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, and Et Al. World History Traditions and Encounters. N.p.: McDougal Littell, 2009. 841-49. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. Conrick, Peter. "The Causes of World War One." Redmond. 14 Apr. 2014. Lecture. "First World War: who was to blame?." The Telegraph. Lord Ashcroft, n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. Hay, Jeff

What were the background causes of World War One and which nations were responsible for it?

1776 words - 7 pages crisis in the Balkans was the occasion, rather than the cause of the first World War" (John Lowe) there were many other causes as well.Too much emphasis has been placed on the rigidity of the Alliance System as a cause of the First World War: "By the beginning of 1914...the alliance system in Europe looked as if it was in some disarray"(J.Joll); instead, it produced suspicion and tension between the powers. Allegedly, the rise of Germany

How the Dred Scott Decision was one of the Direct Causes of the Civil War.

1189 words - 5 pages When it comes to determining at what point the Civil War was unavoidable, I believe the Dred Scott decision of 1857 was that point. Already the nation was divided on the issue of slavery, and the issue alone is strong enough to have Americans fighting each other. All that is really needed is one final spark to ignite the blaze. I think the Dred Scott decision is that spark.Before I give you the controversy of the decision I would like to give

Commotio Cordis: one of the leading causes of sudden death in young athletes

2885 words - 12 pages prevalence of commotion cordis aids in the importance of this paper. Recently, the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation stated commotio cordis is one of the leading causes of sudden death in young athletes, only to be exceeded by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and congential coronary artery abnormalities (Yabek, 2011). Over 250 instances have been reported to the US Commotio Cordis Registry since, there is most likely and underestimation of its true

The Causes of World War 1

677 words - 3 pages . The three most powerful factors though, was the formation of alliances, Nationalism, and the inefficiency of European leaders to successfully control their countries. First, one of the great factors that contributed to the causes of World War 1 was the formation of Europe into Alliances. The two sides that were taken when the war began were Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy on the Triple Alliance side. The Triple Entente consisted of Great

The Causes of World War I.

2597 words - 10 pages The First World War had many causes; the historians probably have notyet discovered and discussed all of them so there might be more causesthan what we know now. The spark of the Great War was theassassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the throne ofAustria-Hungary, and his wife by a Serbian nationalist on the morningof June 28, 1914, while traveling in a motorcade through Sarajevo, thecapital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The

Similar Essays

Causes Of World War One. Essay

1195 words - 5 pages - Britain was not brought into the Equation and France was stronger than what they expected.Other causes to World War One include Imperialism, Nationalism and Territorial disputes. Imperialism took place in Germany after 1870, which caused an immense increase in the manufactures of the country and a conquest need for markets. Between 1898 and 1914 the economic rivalry in Africa concerning the countries France, Great Britain and Germany almost

Causes Of World War One Essay

998 words - 4 pages Tensions between nations before 1914 set in motion the events of World War One. The rise of world-wide industrial capitalist economies proved they were no limits to the Great Powers ambitions to expand. Military planning, the alliance system, nationalism and imperialism were the major causes to the events leading up to 1914. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was only a trigger, for the First World War.Militarism was a crucial factor

Causes Of World War One Essay

1318 words - 5 pages Unlike World War II, the causes of World War I are not as obvious. Although they aren't as obvious, there are still many causes leading to the war. Historians say the war had been building up for some time prior to 1914. Economic and imperial competition and fear of war prompted military alliances and a weapons dispute, which further escalated the pressure contributing to the outbreak of war.Some of the causes can be explained, more in political

World War One Causes Essay

811 words - 3 pages Though perhaps inevitable that the United States would be forced to join World War I eventually, the natural assumption that the US would automatically fight on the side of the Allies is incorrect. Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the United States had made an effort to remove itself from European politics and conflicts. Thus, when tensions in Europe began to escalate, the US could have sided with the Germans as well. However