"The Red Room" By H.G. Wells "The Speckled Band" By A.C. Doyle How Do The Writers Use Their Settings To Accentuate The Horror Of Their Stories?

3023 words - 12 pages

H.G. Wells (Full name Herbert George Wells) was born on September 21 1866. In 1883, he obtained a scholarship to the Normal School of Science of London and studied biology under T.H. Huxley. Huxley was a believer of Darwinism which involves around Theory of Evolution and survival of the fittest. This is one of the reasons why H.G. Wells wrote many stories with scientific elements, such as his debut novel 'The Time Machine' in 1895, and 'The War of The Worlds' 7 years later.Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22 1859 in Edinburgh. His family had an important position in the world of art and family tradition would have led Arthur into an artistic career. But instead, he decided to be a medical doctor. He was trained in University of Edinburgh by Dr Bryan Charles. In University of Edinburgh, Doyle met a number of future authors such as James Barrie and Robert Louis Stevenson. But the man who influenced him was one of his teachers, Dr Joseph Bell. He was a good doctor and a master at observation, logic, deduction and diagnosis. All of these qualities were later found in the characteristics of detective Sherlock Holmes. Arthur Conan Doyle opened his first practice as GP in Portsmouth and also at the same time, began to write stories. In May 1891, Conan Doyle suffered from an attack of influenza while writing some of the early Sherlock Holmes stories. When his health improved, he decided to abandon his medical career and concentrate on story-writing. "The Speckled Band" was written in 1892 and Doyle became famous for his story "The Lost World". Sir Conan Doyle died on July 4 1930.Even though neither of the stories 'The Red Room' and 'The Speckled Band' are in the horror genre (The Red Room is ghost while The Speckled Band is detective), they both contain very strong elements of horror. The main difference between the two stories is that in 'The Red Room', the element of horror is connected to the idea of supernatural being in the room. In contrast, there is no suggestion of the supernatural in 'The Speckled Band'. The other important difference between the two stories is that 'The Red Room' has an incomplete closure. This means that at the end, the story does not tell the reader exactly what happened in the 'Red Room'. 'The Speckled Band' has a complete closure in which all questions are answered and are revealed at the end of the story.H.G. Wells accentuates the horror and tension of 'The Red Room' by introducing previous happenings in Lorraine Castle. Firstly, Wells refers to the strange death of the owner of the castle. The emphasis on 'young duke' makes the reader wonder how and why he had died. It is unnatural for a young person to die and this is very effective as it creates suspense at the beginning of the story. Then H.G. Wells makes the link between the narrator and the young duke: "Or, rather, in which he had began his dying, for he had opened the door and fallen headlong down the steps I had just ascended" This gives a feeling that...

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