When I was reading the “Reflective model” I found out the connection it has with the action research. As said by Wallace (2001) the process of reflection should be formalised, as it were, and the classroom teacher should also become a researcher. But, to go to this point, which requirements does it need? We know the act of researching properly requires a set of abilities, akcnowledges, time, resources, among others issues. What Wallace (2001) suggests is that teachers might be more interested in a type of research which is more under their own control and which might also be more relevant to the classroom, i.e. what is often called “action research”. Now, what is it about and what does it need?
First of all, I would like to refer to the act of reflection for us as teachers. To develop a profesional competence we need to accomplish a cycle that is called the reflective cycle, stated by Wallace (2001), and that requires two main stages: the first one is Pre-training whose core is the learner’s existing conceptual schemata, that is to say, the prior knowledge the student has, and the second one is the professional education / development and has to do with the receiving knowledge, the experiential knowledge and the practice and reflection the teacher does during the whole process. Just following those steps a professional teacher can advance in and improve the teaching and learning processes.
As a matter of fact, when we are planning a lesson we infer some anticipated problems or situations and try to find the solution to them immediately. After, when we are in the classroom, we also observe carefully possible situations that come just in a precise moment and that we didn´t plan but with our personal and profesional skills we can handle them. Then, when we finish we analyse the pros and cons of the learning and teaching process. Finally, we adjust some techniques, topics, strategies or procedures to improve this process. And, that is how it works.
As I mentioned before, this reflection is related to action research...