The Reform Act Of 1832 Essay

1418 words - 6 pages

3

Without external parliamentary pressure the reForm act of 1832 would never have been passed. To what extent do you agree with this view?It could be said that the Great Reform Act was a piece of legislation that was wholly expected; after all, the age of the Tudors had seen the destruction of the medieval privileges of Church and Baronage, and so it was the natural scheme of events that reform would inevitably arise and modify the constitution. So the question to be dissected here is not 'whether', but 'why' - why was the Reform Act passed in 1832? Was it due to a modification of the type or intensity of external parliamentary events compared to before? Either way, whether it was 'great' as was claimed, or a "Compromise stitched together" (Evans), the Reform Act was the product of substantial popular demand and critical parliamentary events. It shall be evaluated here that pressing agitation for reform coincided with Whig ascension to power and the collapse of the Tories, thus inspiring the rigour and vigour of calls for reform.The institutions being scrutinized for reform (parliament & the cabinet) were administered by a privileged group of borough owners, magistrates and members of close corporations in sympathy with the 'country gentlemen'. Protesting against the rotten boroughs and close corporations was "to utter seditious words against [our] matchless constitution", but since the industrial revolution, a fresh creative process emerged to adapt to the needs of the new type of society (an empowered economically powerful middle class) that would agitate for reform to synchronise parliament to its needs and desires. G.M Trevelyan predicted that "this new type of society was by its nature predestined to undergo perpetual change" - and so the flaw in the argument becomes apparent - "would never have been passed" is essentially misleading, as the focus of the question asks us for the significance of the date 1832.It could be stated that external parliamentary pressure stemmed from the direct inspiration of middle class opinion and under compelling fear of working class revolt (the French Revolution was still fresh in people's memories and the 1830 Bourbon Revolution a recent reality). The movement for parliamentary reform, it could be argued, was revived first of all by working men, seeing as their economic misery was most acute. Discontent helped create a very palpable atmosphere of uncertainty and fear, which intensified the pressure for reform. Luddite revolts as early as 1812 demonstrated how the political system was largely ignorant of the plight of the lower classes, plunged in an economic and social cesspit by the onset of mechanisation; the Spafield Riots of 1816 led by Henry Hunt saw the active popular demand for parliamentary reform, to create a more just society; The 'March of the Blanketeers' & subsequent 'Derbyshire Insurrection' screamed out the pressing need for representation of the poor and unemployed, so that their...

Find Another Essay On THE REFORM ACT OF 1832

Why Disraeli Passed the 1867 Second Reform Act

957 words - 4 pages Why Disraeli Passed the 1867 Second Reform Act The 1867 Second Reform Act was an extremely intelligent piece of politics and demonstrated how clever Disraeli was as a politician, the act itself would enable Disraeli to the gain power amongst the Commons. With the death of Palmerston in 1865 the question of Reform was immediately back on agenda. Palmerston had been such a major political figure that while he was present

An example of The policy cycle in New Zealand using Homosexual Law Reform Act 1986 as a case study

2653 words - 11 pages This essay will explore the Homosexual Law Reform Act as a case study of the "policy cycle". Through out this essay I will investigate the interactions which took place between actors such as politicians, interest groups, individuals which led to the emergence, formation and the implementation of the Homosexual Law Reform Act. This paper discusses the background and the leading events which set the agenda. This essay also will go on to

The Ineffectiveness of Education Reform

544 words - 2 pages On January 8, 2002 President Bush signed into law the Leave No Child Behind Act, which significantly changes how public schools receive federal funding. This bipartisan-supported attempt at reform, the first of this magnitude since the Elementary-Secondary Education Act of 1965, shows a dedicated concern to improving education. However, it is not plausible a punishment/rewards system will positively improve schools on a large scale as a

The Importance of Prison Reform

1343 words - 5 pages that 60 percent of Americans are against social reform because they have made up their mind that once a crook, always a crook. This is flawed mainly because it seems to assume that showing people that what they've done is wrong will always accomplish something, that punishing those who commit crimes will deter others from following the same pattern. The problem with prison is that prisons are not a place of rehabilitation. There are people

The Abolishment of Monarchical Reform

1988 words - 8 pages Why did a Parliament that had set out to reform monarchical government end up abolishing it? The English Civil Wars were not always a certainty. They were never inevitable, especially at the meeting of the Long Parliament in 1640. The same may also be stated for the demise of Monarchical Government, for it was neither any persons plan nor wish to be-head the King and create a Commonwealth State. In fact Howard Nenner argues that "Up to the eve

The Era of Social Reform

1570 words - 6 pages whichever path was less cost-effective, regardless of the safety and well being of their workers. Not until the Factory Acts of 1833 passed by Parliament did things improve. It was the first effective Factory Act, because it provided full time inspectors. Children under 9 could not be employed and hours of work for children under 13 years of age were limited to 9 per day and 48 per week. Night work was not permitted for workers under the under

How far could the 3rd Reform Act be justifiably called a turning point?

592 words - 2 pages After the 1867 Reform Act the undemocratic features still continued. The limited redistribution of seats in the 1867 still left the midlands, London and the north underrepresented in Parliament. The uneven distribution of seats favoured the landowning classes who still tended to influence the representation of the smaller borough seats. The House of Commons was still dominated by landowners. Because of this the franchise in the counties was

Reform of the American Health Care System

926 words - 4 pages afford it. People who do have some form of medical coverage are often unaware of the hidden costs dictated by the private insurance companies. (By Census Bureau) The ultimate goal of this new reform is to lower health care costs for the entire nation. In the public option the deficit will not increase at all and the money is paid for upfront. It also creates an independent commission of doctors and medical experts to identify waste, fraud, and

Failure of the Campaign for Parliamentary Reform

2171 words - 9 pages Failure of the Campaign for Parliamentary Reform There were numerous reasons that accounted for why the campaign for Parliamentary reform failed in its objectives in the period 1780-1820, with arguably the most significant factor being that those in Parliament did not actually feel the need to reform the electoral system because of the lack of unified pressure from the British public. There was a substantial call for

The Pros and Cons of Welfare Reform

2515 words - 10 pages The Pros and Cons of Welfare Reform There have been numerous debates within the last decade over what needs to be done about welfare and what is the best welfare reform plan. In the mid-1990s the TANF, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Act was proposed under the Clinton administration. This plan was not received well since it had put a five year lifetime limit on receiving welfare and did not supply the necessary accommodations

The Ramifications of Government Reform on Education

1774 words - 7 pages like, or what part of the nation they come from. These programs are designed to help all children excel in school no matter what. Even though the No Child Left Behind Act significantly increased the average performance of children in math in both lower and top percentiles, it should be regarded as a reform act that actually hindered children in learning due to the expectation of only meeting the minimum requirements with nothing to reach for

Similar Essays

Why Was The Great Reform Act Passed In Britain 1832?

793 words - 3 pages Before 1832 peoples political opinions were valued depending on their class. The upper classes and aristocracy had most influence as they were wealthy and owned properties. The Great Reform Act was an attempt to give lower classes more rights and power, which the upper classes were not in favour of but eventually agreed to in 1832 for many reasons.The French Revolution, where upper classes and royalty were killed, imprisoned and over powered

From A Historical Point Of View, Is The Reformation An Act Of Religious Reform Or An Act Of Political Revolution?

854 words - 3 pages church property to gain even more wealth.Even though the purpose of the Reformation was to reform religion, the political and economical changes it caused was more historically significant. It was the Reformation that caused the political revolution. The Reformation not only brought new religion, but new ideas, which lead to further development. That development was halted when the Catholic Church was in power. The reason that the Reformation was a political act rather than a religious reform was that the Reformation commenced the Renaissance. The Renaissance was one of the most significant things historically.

Reform Of The Cap Essay

1451 words - 6 pages REFORM OF THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY First of all, I would like to analyse the following questions in my paper: 1. Why does the CAP focus on quantity rather than quality? 2. Why do most European Union agricultural support funds still go to commodity supports (only 10% go to support general rural development) when nearly half the farmers in the EU cannot get a reasonable living for themselves and their families by working full

The Age Of Reform. Essay

673 words - 3 pages assist the deaf, is one of the most admirable reformers. Though this particular reform may not be as essential to todays living as others, Gallaudet has found something he enjoys, which is beneficial to society and the entire country, and followed that. After meeting Alice Cogwells in 1814, Gallaudet has been forever inspired. Unsatisfied by the teaching methods in England, he transferred to Paris at the Institute Royal Des Sounds-Muets. Here he met