The Reform Act Of 1832 Essay

1418 words - 6 pages


Without external parliamentary pressure the reForm act of 1832 would never have been passed. To what extent do you agree with this view?It could be said that the Great Reform Act was a piece of legislation that was wholly expected; after all, the age of the Tudors had seen the destruction of the medieval privileges of Church and Baronage, and so it was the natural scheme of events that reform would inevitably arise and modify the constitution. So the question to be dissected here is not 'whether', but 'why' - why was the Reform Act passed in 1832? Was it due to a modification of the type or intensity of external parliamentary events compared to before? Either way, whether it was 'great' as was claimed, or a "Compromise stitched together" (Evans), the Reform Act was the product of substantial popular demand and critical parliamentary events. It shall be evaluated here that pressing agitation for reform coincided with Whig ascension to power and the collapse of the Tories, thus inspiring the rigour and vigour of calls for reform.The institutions being scrutinized for reform (parliament & the cabinet) were administered by a privileged group of borough owners, magistrates and members of close corporations in sympathy with the 'country gentlemen'. Protesting against the rotten boroughs and close corporations was "to utter seditious words against [our] matchless constitution", but since the industrial revolution, a fresh creative process emerged to adapt to the needs of the new type of society (an empowered economically powerful middle class) that would agitate for reform to synchronise parliament to its needs and desires. G.M Trevelyan predicted that "this new type of society was by its nature predestined to undergo perpetual change" - and so the flaw in the argument becomes apparent - "would never have been passed" is essentially misleading, as the focus of the question asks us for the significance of the date 1832.It could be stated that external parliamentary pressure stemmed from the direct inspiration of middle class opinion and under compelling fear of working class revolt (the French Revolution was still fresh in people's memories and the 1830 Bourbon Revolution a recent reality). The movement for parliamentary reform, it could be argued, was revived first of all by working men, seeing as their economic misery was most acute. Discontent helped create a very palpable atmosphere of uncertainty and fear, which intensified the pressure for reform. Luddite revolts as early as 1812 demonstrated how the political system was largely ignorant of the plight of the lower classes, plunged in an economic and social cesspit by the onset of mechanisation; the Spafield Riots of 1816 led by Henry Hunt saw the active popular demand for parliamentary reform, to create a more just society; The 'March of the Blanketeers' & subsequent 'Derbyshire Insurrection' screamed out the pressing need for representation of the poor and unemployed, so that their...

Find Another Essay On THE REFORM ACT OF 1832

Reform Of The CAP Essay

1451 words - 6 pages REFORM OF THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY First of all, I would like to analyse the following questions in my paper: 1. Why does the CAP focus on quantity rather than quality? 2. Why do most European Union agricultural support funds still go to commodity supports (only 10% go to support general rural development) when nearly half the farmers in the EU cannot get a reasonable living for themselves and their families by working full

The Age Of Reform Essay

673 words - 3 pages assist the deaf, is one of the most admirable reformers. Though this particular reform may not be as essential to todays living as others, Gallaudet has found something he enjoys, which is beneficial to society and the entire country, and followed that. After meeting Alice Cogwells in 1814, Gallaudet has been forever inspired. Unsatisfied by the teaching methods in England, he transferred to Paris at the Institute Royal Des Sounds-Muets. Here he met

Why Disraeli Passed the 1867 Second Reform Act

957 words - 4 pages Why Disraeli Passed the 1867 Second Reform Act The 1867 Second Reform Act was an extremely intelligent piece of politics and demonstrated how clever Disraeli was as a politician, the act itself would enable Disraeli to the gain power amongst the Commons. With the death of Palmerston in 1865 the question of Reform was immediately back on agenda. Palmerston had been such a major political figure that while he was present

The Affordable Care Act Is Necessary Social Reform

747 words - 3 pages The Affordable Care Act is President Obama’s signature piece of legislation which intends to reform health care laws. This comprehensive bill has the best of intentions for the average citizen. According to the American Public Health Association, one in five Texans are uninsured. This leads to the individual not receiving preventative care nor does the individual seek treatment for illness or injury in a timely fashion. By the same token,this

An example of The policy cycle in New Zealand using Homosexual Law Reform Act 1986 as a case study

2653 words - 11 pages This essay will explore the Homosexual Law Reform Act as a case study of the "policy cycle". Through out this essay I will investigate the interactions which took place between actors such as politicians, interest groups, individuals which led to the emergence, formation and the implementation of the Homosexual Law Reform Act. This paper discusses the background and the leading events which set the agenda. This essay also will go on to

The Ineffectiveness of Education Reform

544 words - 2 pages On January 8, 2002 President Bush signed into law the Leave No Child Behind Act, which significantly changes how public schools receive federal funding. This bipartisan-supported attempt at reform, the first of this magnitude since the Elementary-Secondary Education Act of 1965, shows a dedicated concern to improving education. However, it is not plausible a punishment/rewards system will positively improve schools on a large scale as a

The Reform of a Lifetime

1546 words - 7 pages On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), setting in motion a series of dramatic and controversial changes to the U.S. health care system and to the way many Americans will acquire health insurance in the future. Having already survived a congressional vote, supreme court challenge, and a presidential election, the ACA continues to roll out through 2014 with a flurry of

The Importance of Prison Reform

1343 words - 5 pages that 60 percent of Americans are against social reform because they have made up their mind that once a crook, always a crook. This is flawed mainly because it seems to assume that showing people that what they've done is wrong will always accomplish something, that punishing those who commit crimes will deter others from following the same pattern. The problem with prison is that prisons are not a place of rehabilitation. There are people

The Abolishment of Monarchical Reform

1988 words - 8 pages Why did a Parliament that had set out to reform monarchical government end up abolishing it? The English Civil Wars were not always a certainty. They were never inevitable, especially at the meeting of the Long Parliament in 1640. The same may also be stated for the demise of Monarchical Government, for it was neither any persons plan nor wish to be-head the King and create a Commonwealth State. In fact Howard Nenner argues that "Up to the eve

The Era of Social Reform

1570 words - 6 pages whichever path was less cost-effective, regardless of the safety and well being of their workers. Not until the Factory Acts of 1833 passed by Parliament did things improve. It was the first effective Factory Act, because it provided full time inspectors. Children under 9 could not be employed and hours of work for children under 13 years of age were limited to 9 per day and 48 per week. Night work was not permitted for workers under the under

How far could the 3rd Reform Act be justifiably called a turning point?

592 words - 2 pages After the 1867 Reform Act the undemocratic features still continued. The limited redistribution of seats in the 1867 still left the midlands, London and the north underrepresented in Parliament. The uneven distribution of seats favoured the landowning classes who still tended to influence the representation of the smaller borough seats. The House of Commons was still dominated by landowners. Because of this the franchise in the counties was

Similar Essays

Why Was The Great Reform Act Passed In Britain 1832?

793 words - 3 pages Before 1832 peoples political opinions were valued depending on their class. The upper classes and aristocracy had most influence as they were wealthy and owned properties. The Great Reform Act was an attempt to give lower classes more rights and power, which the upper classes were not in favour of but eventually agreed to in 1832 for many reasons.The French Revolution, where upper classes and royalty were killed, imprisoned and over powered

Healthcare Reform And The Affordable Care Act

2327 words - 10 pages law. The main concerns of the country are if the Affordable Care Act will be able to overcome the issues that plagued the old healthcare system, the cost of the program, and how will the new law affect the quality of the health delivery system. In 2010, President Obama signed into law the Affordable Care Act in order to bring reform to the current healthcare system. The law was designed to provide healthcare coverage for people that did not have

From A Historical Point Of View, Is The Reformation An Act Of Religious Reform Or An Act Of Political Revolution?

854 words - 3 pages church property to gain even more wealth.Even though the purpose of the Reformation was to reform religion, the political and economical changes it caused was more historically significant. It was the Reformation that caused the political revolution. The Reformation not only brought new religion, but new ideas, which lead to further development. That development was halted when the Catholic Church was in power. The reason that the Reformation was a political act rather than a religious reform was that the Reformation commenced the Renaissance. The Renaissance was one of the most significant things historically.

Chapter I: Immigration Reform And Control Act Of 1986 (Irca), The Inadmissibility

2563 words - 11 pages Six years after the promulgation of the Refugee Act of 1980 the U.S. Congress enacted the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), on November of 1986, with the objective to control and deter the illegal immigration into the United States. The major provisions demanded; a) the legalization of foreign nationals who had been continuously unlawfully present in our country since 1982. b) Demanded the creation of mechanism to secure and