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The Reformation. Essay

1403 words - 6 pages

There comes a time in everybody's life where they begin to wonder about the world. Babies often wonder what lies in behind the couch. Children grow to question why their parents make them go to bed at nine o-clock on a school night. Teenagers often question and dispute curfews imposed on them by their dictorial parents. Adults even question the authority of their higher ups sometimes, which unfortunately more often than not leads to early dismissal from a job. All of this questioning happens often now in the twenty first century, for we live in a free world, where we can pretty much do as we please and say what we want within our modern legal limits. This was not the way in the sixteenth century in Rome. Rome was basically headed by the Catholic Church, which was headed by the Pope. Nothing was ever questioned, or at least not in public or out in the open. This was a time of intolerance and persecution for those who dared to act out or question their Catholic faith. Therefore nobody would speak out about the church or anybody connected to it. For it was much better to live in silence then to live in excommunication. Or at least it was until a man named Martin Luther came along and rewrote history by publicly questioning his religion by questioning the church.Martin Luther was born on October 10th, 1483 in what is considered to be present day Germany. He began school at the age of five, and at the age of eighteen went to school to study to be a lawyer. Four years later, however, Luther decided that he would get in touch with his religious self. In 1506 he did just that by admitting himself into a monastery. He was on a mission to discover god as being a monk. At the age of 20, Luther had encountered his first Augustinian Bible, and in 1507, he was admitted to priesthood (Funk and Wagnalls V16, 262). In 1511, Martin Luther had made a five-month visit to Rome where he was to teach. While there, his religion grew even stronger, but soon after his return, he began to see the problems arising with the Roman Catholic Church.The reformation is said to have begun in 1517 when nailed his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church (Samworth,1). His Theses went on to explain the misuse of the power of the church. He spoke of the Pope abusing his power of indulgences, which was money raised by the church in order to free one from sins. The church was pouring masses of money into its own physical appearance, leaving itself in more debt each time a new pope was appointed. Leo X, who would later be the one to excommunicate Luther, was the most lavish spender of all the popes, which included the rebuilding of St. Peters, which was one of the original purposes of the indulgences raised by the papacy. This proved to be a great time for Luther to begin his questioning, as the church was at one of its lowest points in terms of approval from the citizens, which provided much needed support for the Reformation. The public got a hold of his Theses and word spread like...

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