On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed as the German chancellor. Shortly after his appointment, the Nazi state quickly became a regime that gave citizens no guaranteed basic rights. The Weimar Republic was brought to an end after the Nazi rise to power. The Weimar Republic was the German parliamentary democracy that was established following the end of World War I. The first concentration camps were established by the regime. Political opponents, homosexuals, and others that were classified as dangerous were imprisoned in the camps.
There were over 9 million Jews around Europe in 1933. Most of them resided in countries that would eventually be raided by the Nazis. Nearly two out of every three Jews were murdered by 1945 by the Nazi party and their collaborators. Murdering the Jews was part of the “Final Solution,” which is a Nazi policy.
The National Socialist government set up concentration camps during the beginning of the Nazi regime. The racial parties that were sent to the concentration camps include the Jews, Roma, and more. SS and police officials sent them to the concentration camps because their ethnic and races were hated. Germans established “ghettos” in order to keep a close eye on the Jewish people. The Germans created transit camps and labor camps as well.
The Einsatzgruppen, which are squads made up of German SS and police units, invaded the Soviet Union in June of 1941. They executed mass-murder operations on the Jews, Roma, and Soviet state and Communist Party officials. The German SS and police units killed more than a million Jews plus hundreds of thousands of others. Millions of Jews were sent to ghettos and death camps between 1941 and 1944. Nearly 2,700,000 Jews’ lives were taken either by asphyxiation because of poison gas or being shot. Asphyxiation is the...