Cleopatra VII was the last Pharaoh of Egypt. Cleopatra reigned over Egypt in 51BC after the death of her father Ptolemy XII Auletes. Cleopatra’s mother was Cleopatra VI and she came to power at the age of 17. Cleopatra ruled over Egypt with her two brothers Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy VIX and her son Ptolemy XV Caesar. She was born in 69 BC in Alexandria and ruled from 51 BC to 30 BC. Cleopatra was Macedonian, but even though her ancestry was Macedonian, she was still an Egyptian queen and worshipped as a god. She was remembered for in history as the last Queen of Egypt and her relationships to Julius Caesar and Mark Antony.
Cleopatra’s reign over Egypt started from the deaths of her two elder sisters and the death of her father. Her father was much hated by the Egyptians and had left Egypt several years before his death to Rome. Cleopatra aimed to rule on her own or tried to achieve more power than her brother over the reign of Egypt. The Ptolemy’s were allied with the Roman’s. The roman’s have been gaining power over the Ptolemy’s power was lacking. Through this the Roman’s had gained a stronger hold over Egypt. Cleopatra was the only Ptolemaic Pharaoh to speak the Egyptian language. She also took on the Egyptian religion. She was very intelligent, very will-powered and was a shrewd politician with an extraordinary charisma. When she came into power, Egypt where struggling through bad harvests and a famine. The drought had caused the Nile to stop flooding into their harvests. Even though of Egypt’s struggles through this Cleopatra started an army from the Arab tribes east of Pelusium. During this time Cleopatra and her sister Arsinoe moved to Seria. She started to go to war with her brother. This occurred after the death of Pompey (Pompey had been defeated at Pharsalus in August of 48 BC.), who had sought refuge from Caesar to Egypt but was stabbed to death once he came ashore to Alexandria by Ptolemy VIII’s advisors.
Caesar had acclaimed himself to be the ruler of Egypt bringing 32 legionaries and 800 cavalry showing his true intentions of what he meant by being ruler of Egypt. He also brought twelve other soldiers who carried a bundle of rods with an axe with a blade that projected out. This was considered a badge of authority. After this Cleopatra’s sister Arsinoe and Ptolemy VIII declared rulers of Egypt as Arsinoe IV. Cleopatra wrapped herself up into a carpet and was delivered to Caesar’s palace. In his presence she became very seductive and managed to persuade Caesar to help her. The Alexandrian War started and during the war part of the Alexandrian library was burnt down along with some warehouses. During the war Caesar executed Pothinus and Ptolemy VIII drowned in the Nile trying to escape. Alexandria surrendered to Caesar who then captured Cleopatra’s younger sister and rightfully restored Cleopatra to the thrown.
Cleopatra married another brother, Ptolemy XIV. Law in Egypt prevented women from ruling, alone which is why she...