Confucius is The Great Master of philosophy. He established new school based on principles of benevolence and named Confucianism. Confucius dedicated all his life to the teaching and sharing knowledge and ideas. He talked about fundamental elements of achieving harmony. Important concepts of his learning are li, ren, junzi and tao and observation of them make man fully literate. Rites or li allow men to develop goodness, understand the Way. Confucius says that the purpose of the rites is to give one place to stand, to provide solid ground like a body to fill out. Through the proper practice of li man extends himself into ren. And The Master is a leader, who step by step guides followers through the rites to the highest stair - Knowledge and Goodness. Confucius speaks often about the Tao, meaning a good way or path to achieving morally superior ends.
The Way is search of the benevolence and the truth through observing li and ren. Confucius maintained the customary observation, Rites, and provoked them to follow him to create oneself by filling the form with substance. Rites help to realize the difference between form and substance and this creates the way to the benevolence. Let us define what is form and substance in other words
it is like a vessel and matter, or body and soul and so on; everything that related to container and something that could fill it.
Form is external features-body or appearance; on the other hand, substance is internal character-soul. We can consider a simple example from real life: if we look at the blank notebook, it is just a thing, but if there are notes, it become quite another, it makes some sense and attaches importance. I'm getting this to the fact that Confucius already in his time concluded that theory of forms and substances applicable to the people and their deeds. The rites are a formal set of rules meant to regulate external conduct, interaction with the world. Rites included everything from religious rituals to what we’d consider is etiquette: the right way to stand, to sit, approach, wear clothing, express oneself. According to Confucius, rites are practical...