This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Relationship Between National Identity And State Building

1750 words - 7 pages

Taking indication from the book, Nations and Nationalism, I understand the concept of Nation and State as two different islands, formed independently, without the support from the other one and a bridge that links them is Nationalism (Gellner 1983). The people who consider themselves as part of a nation are more homogeneous group in terms of religion, culture, language etc., and tend to be psychologically connected as against the State which has a geographic boundary and heterogeneous mixture of people from diverse groups. However, the purpose of this essay is not to define these concepts, but to understand if there is any relationship between people identifying themselves as belonging to one particular nation and whether this identification conduces the development of that nation. For the purpose of this essay, I would like to consider State building in terms of socioeconomic development of the State in question, than a mere political process of establishment of the State with defined territory. I would like to examine from my understanding of Indian history and my present day experiences to see how such a relationship between people identifying themselves to India and the progress of the State in two different time frames one at the time of freedom struggle and post-independence period and the situation that is existing contemporary.
Culture has a prominent role in germinating national identity among the people, as Fanon (1963) in his book Wretched of the Earth describes that the colonizers have a tendency to impose their culture on the people whom they have colonized and this aggravates the people (ibid), the British in India enforced the Indian soldiers to use the cartridges greased with fat of cow and pig. As the cow is considered to be sacred among Hindus, an Indian soldier, Mangal Pandey refused to use the rifle and he was hanged; this led to mass revolt and thus the first war of Indian Independence was born. This exacerbation among the people had its effects on the cultural aspects of the nation ‘These new-found tensions which are present at all stages in the real nature of colonialism have their repercussions on the cultural plane’ (ibid). In the literary context, plenty of patriotic poems and articles were written – one such famous slogan “Bande Matharam” (Chatterji 1882) meaning, I salute to the mother nation gave a sense of belonging and patriotism among masses. The Country was personified (Carr 1945) as a mother to unite the people. The word of mouth propaganda on anti-British sentiments were spread across the length and breadth of the country. The ‘swadesi’ movement – be Indian and buy Indian, was a huge success through the oral propaganda. Both the culture and the struggle for freedom goes hand in hand (Fanon 1963) and these changes in the cultural aspects and the struggle for freedom boosted the “National Identity” and this was one major factor that resulted in Independence in 1947.
The new nation, India faced similar...

Find Another Essay On The Relationship Between National Identity and State-building

Seeking the Perfect Relationship Between the Citizen and the State

1862 words - 8 pages Throughout the centuries, the quest for the perfect and balanced relationship between the citizen and the state has been the focus of philosophers and thinkers. Driven by the human need to secure the natural rights of the individual and the necessity to safeguard the social and political institution known as the state, those men of thought differed among themselves in approach as well as in theories. Their thoughts diverged substantially as to

The Relationship Between State and Religion in Turkey: Is Turkey a Secular State?

1722 words - 7 pages The Relationship Between State and Religion in Turkey: Is Turkey a Secular State? Casper Gelderblom s1393162Introduction to Area Studies, Section A Instructor: E. Erol March 27, 2014Word count: 1490Two and a half years ago, Turkish prime-minister Erdogan visited Tunisia, the country where the so-called Arab Spring began. During his visit, Erdogan delivered a speech in which he made the case for "the Turkish model" to be accepted by the revolting

The Relationship Between State and Religion in Turkey: Is Turkey a Secular State?

1722 words - 7 pages The Relationship Between State and Religion in Turkey: Is Turkey a Secular State? Casper Gelderblom s1393162Introduction to Area Studies, Section A Instructor: E. Erol March 27, 2014Word count: 1490Two and a half years ago, Turkish prime-minister Erdogan visited Tunisia, the country where the so-called Arab Spring began. During his visit, Erdogan delivered a speech in which he made the case for "the Turkish model" to be accepted by the revolting

Relationship between Aboriginal law and state and commonwealth law

900 words - 4 pages Specific question: Analyze and discuss the nature of contemporary Aboriginal law and its relationship to state and commonwealth law. What changes, if any, should be made to this relationship?This essay will answer the specific question by first explaining Aboriginal and Australian law, show the relationship between the two, give examples of cases where the relationship between the two is shown and state, if any, changes should be made.Before

State-Sponsored Terrorism: The Relationship between Hizballah and the Iranian Government

1721 words - 7 pages for. Third, the paper will discuss the ideology and goals of Hizballah and how their ideology and goals fit into those of the Iranian government. This paper will also exam the relationship between Hizballah and the Iranian government and how that relationship affects the United States and its interests in the Middle East, mainly Israel. There is not a definition of terrorism that is used universally. The US State Department defines terrorism

How to Have a Cooperative Relationship Between State and the People

1152 words - 5 pages in favor of the behavior prescribed by state rulers. Migdal, like Robert I. Rotberg both refer to Michael Mann’s concept of infrastructural power, the need for a cooperative relationship between the state and the people. According to Robert I. Rotberg, weak states are characterized as being: inherently weak because of geographical, physical, or fundamental economic constraints. He adds that it is often an effect of internal conflict. Public

How an Architectural Intention Was Embodied in the Pyramids of Giza: A Relationship Between the Building and Geometry

3342 words - 13 pages these ancient landmarks more deeply and research as much is I could about them. Writing this paper is a good way for me to better appreciate and understand the relationship between building structure and the use of geometry in the ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza.      Geometry is probably one of the most important aspects in designing a building. When architects sit down at the drawing board, they must execute their

Little Souna: Building a Sense of National Identity

1715 words - 7 pages the public (Cited in Kavoori, 2009), “Little Souna” presents a sense of national identity to the listeners by propagating traditional culture and shared history. Apart from traditional music, traditional literature and morality in the “Little Souna” are also considerable part of traditional culture, which generates the closeness between listeners and the nation. The radio programme - “Little Souna” has an interaction time, when a child can be

What is the relationship between the state, the economy and power? Discuss with reference to liberal and realist accounts

3159 words - 13 pages . How scholars have come to understand these changes has given rise to different theoretical and 'scientific' perspectives on international relations, and new fields of study being pursued, such as international political economy. I will begin by giving a liberal account of the relationship between the economy, the state and power.Liberal idealism in international politics did not re-emerge, after the devastation of the Second World War, until the

What is the Relationship Between the Formation of a Modern Chinese Identity and the War of Resistance Against Japan?

2118 words - 8 pages , and this was the force that brought together those once divided. The formation of the United Front is an historical symbol of modern Chinese identity. The Chinese nation after all, is a civilization state that embodies a powerful sense of cultural identity. In the words of Chiang himself “the war of Chinese resistance was not like an ordinary war between two nations fighting for the desire of power, but our war was a revolutionary war fought for

State and explain the relationship between the Catholic Funeral Rite and the principal Catholic beliefs associated with dying, death and the afterlife

579 words - 2 pages from: http://www.icctampa.org/FuneralRites.htm4)Steinmetz. J. 2006. About religion and Spirituality. Available from: http://catholicism.about.com/od/deathdyingafterlife/f/prefritesff04.htm5) Unknown. 2006. St Justin Martyr. Roman Catholic Church: Jesus centred and purpose driver. Available from: http://www.sjm87.org/catholic_funeral_rites.htmThe teacher said it was good but some of my explanations were vague. I needed more links between the Catholic Funeral Rites and the principal Catholic beliefs.

Similar Essays

The Relationship Between Sport And Identity

1415 words - 6 pages identity for the country in which it greatly benefited from. The relationship between sport and a region is very strong. Regional identity can be explained under the observation that part of an individual’s identity is fixed into the region they live in and not only the national area. A sense of belonging is established in a regional area just as in a national area but on a smaller scale. Through sport the people feel a connection to the region

What Is The Difference Between Ethnic Identity And National Identity?

1556 words - 7 pages one. (Liu et al, 2002) Conclusion As we have seen, ethnic and national identity do not always coincide. National identity being mostly associated with the allegiance of one individual to his or her homeland, intended as the nation-state, ethnic identity can transcend the nation and give people a sense of belonging to a common ancestry and kinship narrative. Southeast Asia is comprised of many nationalities and even more ethnic groups, and states

The Relationship Between Church And State

1573 words - 7 pages Question #2 Separation of the church and state is not a new concept. Within the past two thousand years of Christian history however the strategies and ideas of Christian leaders have changed several times. During the time that Christ walked the earth we can anecdotally perceive a very adversarial relationship between Jesus’ ministry and the local Jewish and Roman governments. This type of relationship continued for the first three centuries of

The Relationship Between State And Church

1025 words - 4 pages Every person has the human right to engage in worship during public forums. Thus every person has the right to pray in school. When prayer was still allowed in school crime was at a low rate. Basically there was less crime everywhere. We consider the good ole' days when basic morals were taught at home. When the difference between right and wrong was enforced. When family and religion was considered the most valuable and precious things to have