Developments in Nursing Field and its Significance
Nursing is a branch of medicine that covers the sensitive, cultural, and biological requirements of the patient, in addition to diagnosis and treatment. Traditionally, nursing was thought to entail cleaning patients, emptying their bedpans and keeping them comfortable and well looked after (Health issues and careers). This notion has changed throughout time, and nursing can now be practiced as a medical profession. It is worth noting that nursing has encountered a profound culture alteration over the last few decades. In regards to this, nurses are expected to apprehend and conduct research, and to base their professional practice on emerging evidence from research (Beck 4). This will be of help during the process of study and conceptualization of new ideas.
Background and Early Definition of Nursing
Defining nursing can be problematic. Nurses themselves cannot come into a consensus partly due to the history of this discipline. The main factor that makes the definition hard is that it is thought to entail both theoretic and applied aspects (Hartley 150). This is not normally the case as it is pursued mainly through practice. In the past years, nurses were concerned about carrying out their responsibilities than defining their roles. This concept has grown over the years from a nurse being a mother or a woman to the nurse with duties integrating the growing and challenging to people in need of health care.
Nursing was initially limited to hospitals; however, there is an increasing requirement for nursing and medical services to be taken to the community. This is where public health and nursing comes into play. To understand public health, there is a need to give insight into what it entails. The focus of public health is to educate communities on the importance of quality healthcare, how to access it and ensure it is easily accessible and available to everyone. Public health also involved carrying out research on diseases, their causes, treatment and preventive measures. Availing health to the society reduces cost and occurrences of illnesses. In addition, it saves members of the public from the cost of travelling to get to health facilities. Public health also considers the socio-economic status of the community. This helps in coming up with policies to be referred when providing health care. Nursing plays a major role when delivering the service itself.
Relationship between Nursing and Public Health
Public health is essential in promoting community health. It assists in preventing health issues from re-occurring by regulating healthcare systems and formulating educational programs that empower the community in regards to their health. Lifestyle choices are a major cause for health issues. Every individual needs to be alert on the effects of lifestyle choices on their health and what to do about it. There is a need to inform the society about healthy lifestyles.