The Relationship Between Self Efficacy And Procrastination Among University Students

1124 words - 4 pages

Procrastination – a phenomenon that has become increasingly prevalent in contemporary society – has developed to the extent that it not only affects university students, but also the general population. Although the notion of procrastination dates back to approximately 800BC (Steel, 2007), studies up until today have failed to understand the causes of procrastination. Ferrari (1994) argues for this notion stating that procrastination “remains one of the least understood human miseries” (p.673 as cited in Klassen, Krawchuk, & Rajani, 2008). Furthermore, tentative evidence, as studies have shown, suggests that procrastination significantly exacerbates both health and academic performance (Klassen et al.,2008;Sirin,2008;Choi & Chun Chu,2005;Tan,Ang,Klassen,Yeo,Wong,Huan & Chong,2008;& Rabin,Fogel,&Nutter-Upham,2011).Following from this, there has been a proliferation of literature surrounding procrastination and its consequences. Such consequences, as studies have shown, include high levels of stress, depression, anxiety, low self-efficacy, fear of failure and other health- risk behaviours. However, this assignment shall only take one consequence-that being self-efficacy- into account. Thus, the purpose of this literature review is to establish whether a relationship-if any- exists between self-efficacy and procrastination among university students. Firstly, an attempt to operationally define the two variables (procrastination and self-efficacy) shall be made. Next, relevant literature will be reviewed to address the research question.
Definition of procrastination
Although many authors have attempted to define procrastination, pinpointing its precise definition in current literature, remains an area of uncertainty (Corkin, Yu, & Lindt, 2011). Certain studies usually define procrastination as having the knowledge that a task, responsibility or decision needs to be completed in a definite timeframe but intentionally delays, puts off or postpones the tasks, responsibility or decisions to complete it at a later stage (Klassen et al.,2008;Steel,2007; Haycock, McCarthy, & Skay,1998;Choi & Chun Chu,2005;Rabin et al.,2011,Corkin et al.,2011 & Wolters,2003).
Following from this, although alternate authors acknowledge that procrastination involves the unnecessary delay of tasks, they suggest that individuals delay tasks to the point that the individual experiences significant emotional discomfort (Tan et al., 2008; Seo, 2008; &Wolters, 2003). Another approach to defining procrastination, as Hussain and Sultan (2010) and Sirin (2011) suggest, regards procrastination as a behavioural or personality disposition an individual has to delay or postpone the completing tasks or making of decisions. Shah (2000) argues that such individuals have periods of indecisive states whereby they lack will power and vitality to accomplish certain tasks (as cited in Hussain and Sultan, 2010). Although the origin of the word ‘procrastination’ is unidentified,...

Find Another Essay On The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Procrastination Among University Students

Sexual Satisfaction and Sexual Health Among University Students

1936 words - 8 pages When critiquing the article, Sexual Satisfaction and Sexual Health Among University Students in the United States, there are many aspects to address. Beginning with the authors’ written purpose and their choice of preexisting literature and its relevance to the study. This analysis will also examine the sample population, the accuracy of its representation and biases. Followed by a discussion of the research design and threats to validity and

Computer Ethics Awareness Among University Students

930 words - 4 pages the teaching of computer ethics changed their perception of computer crime? Does age and gender affect students' judgment of what they perceive as computer crime? What are the similarities and differences between the findings of this study and that of related studies 1.4 Limitations of the Study This study evaluates computer ethics awareness among university students. It involves only students of masters in Computer and Systems Science Stockholm

The contextual factors behind academic dishonest behavior among undergraduate students of the University of Prishtina

629 words - 3 pages like, using body signal, they use hand gestures to communicate with other students. While I am on an exam, I find students taking notes secretly, and writing down without any issue. But, cheaters are not very acceptable among peers, they are not respected and even professors lose faith in them. Plagiarism is another form of academic dishonesty and involves those students who have the poor understanding of what plagiarism is or they have undoubted

The contextual factors behind academic dishonest behavior among undergraduate students of the University of Prishtina

844 words - 4 pages destruction of former republic Yugoslavia brought hardship to Kosovo concerning all aspects of life. The educational system went through huge negative changes, which drew all Albanian professors and students out of University. They were forced to install a parallel system which brought a hard fight to save the most valuable part of any modern society, intellectual potential. Even being beaten and expelled from University the teachers did not give up

The Relationship Between Self and World

1978 words - 8 pages According to the Central Argument the relationship between consciousness and self bears the same structure as that between consciousness and world. The self and the world are thus linked together as “two objects for the absolute, impersonal consciousness” (Ibid, 57). As a philosophy of human experience7, this account of the relationship between self and world seems to leave out too many aspects of our actual experience to provide a satisfying

The Relationship Between Self-Reinforcement and Self-Esteem (B.F. Skinner).

727 words - 3 pages hypothesized that a person with high frequency of positive self-reinforcement is likely to have high self-esteem.MethodParticipantsForty participants were selected for this study and ranged in age from 16-55 years. There were 25 female participants and 14 male participants in the study. All participants were selected from a convenience sample of friends and family of students from California Lutheran University.MaterialsFor both, the "Frequency of Self

Procrastination and College Students

1137 words - 5 pages is usually too short amount of time. There is a time and place to relax and enjoy life, but if students focus on playing around instead of getting their assignments done, college life will be stressful. Procrastination is when people put other tasks, like clubbing with friends, ahead of completing the project assigned. There are seven categories of procrastination listed by Hoffman and Julie within Stop Procrastinating Now! 10 simple

Research Proposal: The Relationship between School Climate and Students Achievement

1667 words - 7 pages environment can impact students’ achievement. Studies on the evidence of the relationship between school climate and academic is supported by numerous researches, all of with endorsed the idea of school climate enhance learning ability. There is also an indication that quality of the school climate contributes to academic outcomes as well as personal development and well being, Haar, Nielson, Hansen, and Jukobsen, (2005): OECD cited in the summary

The Relationship Between Sexual Taxonomies and Ideas of the Self

1920 words - 8 pages The relationship between sexual taxonomies and ideas of the self (e.g. Foucault, Jagose or Halperin) Sexual Taxonomies are not trans-historical; they are socially and historically situated and created. Sexual taxonomies are the different ideas about what sexuality is and they circulate around contexts, consequently forming identities. When we categorise sexuality it is categorised into heterosexual people and homosexual people but it is

The Concept of Self-Efficacy

1853 words - 7 pages . It can be regarded as a positive outlook or proactive way to handle stress factors. It is the ability to successfully cope with health changes, and implies an internal and stable acceptance of changes and ability to successfully adapt to those changes. Perceived self-efficacy is functional in relationship to behavioral change, and health care maintenance or improvement. In health care, the concept of self-efficacy is important in developing

The Interrelationship among Self, Others, and Environment

1171 words - 5 pages environment. Each category consists of several additional topics all relating to the broad category under which the subject matter falls. The first category is the self and the primary focus is the exploration of the way individuals form impressions of themselves. Topics relating to the concept of self include self-schemas, self-esteem, self-efficacy, self-awareness, and the acting self. The second category builds upon the foundation of the self

Similar Essays

Relationship Between Curriculum And Self Efficacy Essay

2086 words - 9 pages teacher candidates’ and their attainment in the courses which have a curriculum that in covered with the aim of developing educational software(p.4). 1.3 Statement of the Hypothesis In the end of this study, a positive correlation is expected from the measurement of the relationship between the self-efficacy on developing educational software of the CEIT students who are from Yeditepe University and the implementation process of CET-301 course’s

The Relation Between Time Management And Academic Performance Among University Students

1944 words - 8 pages The Relation between Time Management and Academic Performance among University StudentsTime management is the ability to control and plan how one can spend his time in effective things like achieving goals, and according to Albert Einstein the definition of time management is "The occurrence of events, one after the other" (Stephen, 1990). Time management may also be the art of arranging personal affairs and the work of things with the least

The Importance Of Raising Self Efficacy Within Students

1065 words - 4 pages delivering an inclusive education. It is the policies and legislations described above that will direct my pedagogical choices. In order to provide an inclusive education it is imperative that I incorporate strategies that will produce equitable outcomes. Differentiated instruction, raising self-efficacy within students and embedding social justice topics are a means for achieving this. Differentiated instruction adapts curriculum, instruction and

Research: Political Efficacy And Expected Political Participation Among Lower And Upper Secondary Students

2029 words - 8 pages the role of the child’s understanding of politics and act upon those assumptions in order to better further the political system in a positive way.  References Schulz, Wolfram. "ERIC - Political Efficacy and Expected Political Participation among Lower and Upper Secondary Students. A Comparative Analysis with Data from the IEA Civic Education Study, Online Submission, 2005-Sep." ERIC - Political Efficacy and Expected Political Participation