This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Relationship Between Students’ Exposure To Technology And Their Achievement In Science And Math

3619 words - 15 pages

The ease of access to information today, as enabled by technologies, has flattened the structure of learning and institutions. It has created opportunities for new inquiry practices where students learn from sources on the web, from peers and with members of the community, and are engaged in purposeful, active knowledge creation. Advances in mobile technology and a proliferation of digital social networks open up new possibilities for teaching and learning. Our youths are exposed to new information and communications technologies at home and in school. From merely being consumers to becoming ‘prosumers’, from limited roles to participation in knowledge-generating communities that are ...view middle of the document...

Questions pertaining to students’ exposure to technology in the PISA Student and ICT Survey were used. They included topics such as students’ possession of technological devices and frequency of the use of devices at home and in school. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to analyse the effects of technology on students’ achievement. One-way random effects model that accounts for variance between individuals and schools without any covariate was generated. This model was used as a baseline for comparison with three other models that include several covariates in level 1 (technology scores, socioeconomic status), level 2 (ICT use at home, confidence in using computers), and level 3 (school size, ratio of computers in school and school size). In each step, technology-related variables were included in the model. Intraclass correlations (ICC) were calculated in model 1 for both math and science scores. These ICCs showed that 62% variability in science scores and 67% variability in math scores can be explained by the variability between schools. These results indicated that there was a huge achievement difference between the schools in Turkey sample of PISA. Technology scores obtained from the ICT survey was not a strong predictor of science and math scores by itself (p>0.05). However, when it was used with other ICT-related variables, it was a significant predictor in all three models. The availability of ICT at home and confidence in using computers were important predictors of math and science performance in addition to the technology scores. It was also found that students’ exposure to ICT out of school time had a larger impact on their math and science achievement than their exposure to ICT at school. This might point out the lack of the integration of ICT into classroom instruction at Turkey schools. Askar & Olkun (2005) found that the Turkish students’ access to computers in schools was quite low when compared to other OECD countries. However, the findings of this study had supported previous research that the amount of time spent using a computer had a positive and strong relation with science knowledge (Kubiatko & Vlckova, 2010) and that this may explain the science achievement gap. The authors made this same interpretation for math achievement.
While the results of this study showed that ICT usage had a positive impact on students’ math and science performance in PISA, it fails to account for the ways in which computers are used in school that could predict students’ achievement. Ziya et al. (2010) stated that students’ using computers in line with their needs, parents’ controlling the time their children use computers, the internet and computer for entertainment purposes can be beneficial. These could be factors that attribute to statistical significance in the use of ICT at home, without which student achievement results in this study could have been different. Another limitation of the study is its sample that is limited...

Find Another Essay On The Relationship Between Students’ Exposure to Technology and Their Achievement in Science and Math

The Relationship Between Social Class and Educational Achievement

2075 words - 8 pages The Relationship Between Social Class and Educational Achievement Many sociologists have tried to explore the link between social class and educational achievement, measuring the effects of one element upon the other. In order to maintain a definite correlation between the two, there are a number of views, explanations, social statistics and perspectives which must be taken into account. The initial idea would be to

The relationship between rhetoric and science

755 words - 4 pages The lack of understanding by the general public as well as higher intellectuals on the relationship between rhetoric and science has lead to wasted potential - potential for sparking discussion, promoting action or furthering scientific understanding in the general public. There is place for rhetoric in science and science in rhetoric. In order to understand the relationship, one must understand each separately. Scientists are in pursuit of

The Educational Achievement Gap between African American and Minority Students in Elementary Schools in America

1675 words - 7 pages article has taught me that. This influential and informative article was published in 2013 by the journal of Negro education. The journal of Negro education is well known for its goal to categorize and define the problems that characterize the education of African American students in America. This is the most current research done on the topic of scholastic disparities between Black and Brown students and their White, middle class counterparts

Relationship Between Science and Energy

1091 words - 5 pages many people and cause a massive destruction, are a possible reason why because these used as the main source of energy nuclear power that is taken away from rare Uranium; the U-235 and the U-238 (Lecture 8, slide 43). Built in the USA between 1942 and 1946, the production of these bombs unified the whole United States to mass produce them, involving a lot of money from the government and the combination between two fields of action - science and

The Relationship Between Mothers And Their Children

1006 words - 4 pages black. Since of this, her ideology is one of the grassroots. She is a operational class topic, and has been shaped as such. The information that she is certainly "standing here ironing" demonstrate the reader that she is a housewife for the easy reason of proving to the reader that ideologies have been enforced upon her (Joan Lidoff, 1993).Relationship Between Mother and ChildrenThere is proof in the first paragraph of the story that both the

The Relationship Between Slaves and Their Master

1377 words - 6 pages mistresses whose husbands’ engaged in these illicit affairs. In conclusion, the slave could not expect to enjoy a fulfilling relationship with the master. The very essence of slavery was cruel and demeaning, making it difficult for any meaningful and mutually satisfying relationship to exist. Introduction This paper explores the relations that existed between slaves and their masters as portrayed by Jacobs . It will explore the perceptions of

The Mutual Relationship Between Technology and Society

2217 words - 9 pages I am interested in exploring the mutual shaping relationship between technology and society through an integrated development perspective. During my postgraduate study of science and technology studies (STS) in University of Edinburgh, I followed the mutual shaping route and briefly touched the problems of integrated development in two researches, “Understanding Local Circumstances of Surveillance on ICT Applications in China” and “The

The Relationship Between Technology and Society

1500 words - 6 pages -communicable diseases such as obesity. This work will examine the relationship between technology and society by focusing on both positive and negative relationships. The first area where technology and society relates most is communication. People in a society must pass information from one person to another to maintain order. Traditionally, information dissemination was done using inefficient methods such as the messengers and would take long time

The Relationship Between Culture and Technology

1403 words - 6 pages The Relationship Between Culture and Technology The relationship between technology and culture is cyclical. Logically, a culture will develop technologies based on the needs or desires of the people, because this is where the creative influences lie. As this technology spreads and is absorbed into the people’s lives, it affects their culture and way of life. This change in lifestyle can also occur when a technology developed outside a

relationship between art and technology

1867 words - 8 pages . The shift from technological embrace to rejection was signalled by the negative reception received by Tuchman’s exhibition for Art and Technology in 1971 at MoMA. Soundings (figure.2) was Rauschenberg’s first collaborative work with E.A.T and it indicated that, for Rauschenberg at least, the relationship between art and industry was incredibly beneficial for technical development. The piece was produced for the Rauschenberg exhibition at the

philosophy essay on the relationship between religion and science

910 words - 4 pages spirituality and focuses on beliefs and values. This is contrary to science which focuses on factual knowledge and relies on empirical evidence. The relationship between religion and science never used to be an issue for early philosophers as scientific explanation would work around the existence of a deity (generally). However in recent times we’ve seen various conflicts arising due to disagreements and even cases of religion holding back scientific

Similar Essays

Research Proposal: The Relationship Between School Climate And Students Achievement

1667 words - 7 pages environment can impact students’ achievement. Studies on the evidence of the relationship between school climate and academic is supported by numerous researches, all of with endorsed the idea of school climate enhance learning ability. There is also an indication that quality of the school climate contributes to academic outcomes as well as personal development and well being, Haar, Nielson, Hansen, and Jukobsen, (2005): OECD cited in the summary

The Relationship Between Student Success Courses And Academic Achievement Of Community College Students

973 words - 4 pages evident, their efficacy must be proven prior to a college’s investment in the development of student success courses. Therefore, it is imperative that statistics provide proof of their actual contribution to student achievement. Relationship to the Problem Area Research Question Is there a correlation between student success courses and academic achievement of community college students? Hypothesis There is no statistically significant

The Link Between The Teacher Student Relationship And Academic Achievement

2510 words - 11 pages connection between elementary students and their teachers being a positive influence on academic achievement, but also a stronger connection in the secondary years. The results of this study showed a positive correlation between motivation and academic achievement, in elementary students, in regards to the student and their parent(s) experiencing a positive relationship with the teacher. Teacher–Child Relationships and the Development of

The Relationship Between English Achievement And Proficiency Tests

4037 words - 16 pages the biggest strength of the SEEU which is another indication of the value of the LC for the University in general. On the other hand, not all students are able to raise the level of their foreign language knowledge and use that language in their professional careers after graduation. It seems that the main issue is in balancing achievement and proficiency. 2.1. The Struggle between achievement and proficiency As pointed out on the website of “Test