This paper discusses the relationship between technology and society. It focuses on how technology has influenced various aspects of the society. The areas looked are: how technology has affected the communication, transportation, education, health, economic activities, environment, food production, food conservation and preservation and food distribution. It has gone further to explain how technology has radically changed the demographic structure of the societies in question, specifically Japan society. In addition, it has discussed how technology has influenced government policy formulation.
There are many ways in which technology affects the society. Technology, in essence, has a role of making life simpler. However, other researchers have argued that technology has oversimplified life to the extent that it has predisposed members of society to non-communicable diseases such as obesity. This work will examine the relationship between technology and society by focusing on both positive and negative relationships.
The first area where technology and society relates most is communication. People in a society must pass information from one person to another to maintain order. Traditionally, information dissemination was done using inefficient methods such as the messengers and would take long time before it reached to the intended recipient depending on the distance. Technological advancement that resulted in introduction of more efficient means of communication such as mobile phones and computers led to contextualization of the Information and Communications Technology (ICT). This had a direct impact on the society as now information could be disseminated amongst a larger group and in the contemporary world, people are able to access information from anywhere in the world. This has led to having one large society in the world as I.C.T., especially internet access has catalyzed globalization and convergence of societies into a global village. Chandler and Cortada (2003) observed that, networked computers allowed people to communicate with people whom they have never met and even join groups of people that will otherwise never meet face to face. This notion is very categorical in the modern society, especially with the introduction of the social media such as Facebook and Twitter.
The level of technological advancement influences the standard of living among the society members. This can be explained by considering the economic sphere of the technology. It is undisputable that technology is strongly related to economies of scale which is brought about by the large scale production of goods and services. Efficiency is all about the time taken to complete a certain task while effectiveness is about the quality of the product or service. Societies that have poor technologies also have high poverty index due to their inability to create wealth. Their commodities fetches little profits, operates at a break-even levels or...