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The Relationship Of Infant Attachment Patterns To Personality Development

1518 words - 6 pages

The Relationship of Infant Attachment Patterns to Personality DevelopmentPurposeFrom the previous study, personality development has five perspectives, they are temperament, psychoanalytic, attachment, self and observed behavior, and this study will only focus on attachment perspective. According to Ainsworth (1978, as cited in Cassidy, & Mohr, 2001)'s attachment finding, there are 3 types of attachment: 1) secure attachment; 2) avoidant/insecure attachment; 3) resistant/insecure attachment. Many of the psychologists propose that secure infant attachment. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship of infant attachment patterns to their further personality development. 60 infant (30female, 30 male, mean age 4 years) and their caregivers were participated in a longitudinal research study. It was hypothesized that infant attachment would contribute an optimal score in the Big Five personality Questionnaire. Ainsworth's 'strange situation' test was used to predict quality of infant attachment, while Big-Five Questionnaire- Children Version (BFQ-C) was used to examine their personality development. The aspect result would be strongly support previous theoretical that secure attached infant have been found on average more confident, self-efficacy and more sociable in later childhood than those who were insecurely attached.The concept of personality refers to the profile of stable beliefs, moods, and behaviors that differentiate among children (and adults) who live in a particular society (Kagan). There are inherent natural, genetic, and environmental factors that contribute to the development of our personality. There are five different perceptions regarding to the early origins of personality. They are 1) temperament which assumes the child's inherited biology; 2) Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic which assumes conflict over sexual and hostile motives through the interaction of id, ego and superego; 3) Attachment to the caregiver in the infant years; 4) self interpretation of experience; 5) observed behaviour (Kagan). The current research will focus on infant attachment perception regarding to further personality development.In 1950ws, Bowlby use the term infant attachment to refer the emotional bond between newborns and those on whom they most directly depend (Gray, 2002). He also proposed that first attachment relationship or infant attachment become a 'working model' which affects child's subsequent relationships throughout life. Further more, Ainsworth (1978, as cited in Cassidy, & Mohr, 2001) developed the 'strange situation' laboratory test to have a better investigation in attachment theory. He found that there were two types of infant attachment, secure vs. insecure attachment. Insecure attachment can be further classified into avoidant attachment and resistant attachment. Infant who represent him/herself is loveable and worthy of care and the caregiver is available and responsive are considered...

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