The Relevance Of Ancient Texts In Today’s Society

1810 words - 7 pages

Ancient texts are utilized as guides and references for the people of today. Some people live by their rules, laws, and stories and truly take them to heart. Many of these texts have been read and interpreted by students, historians, and professors all around the world for many generations. Three specific texts, the Tanakh, Sophocles’ Antigone, and Plato’s Apology, are all examples that have been analyzed and discussed for many years. There are key concepts in each of these works that are still relevant in society today and some that should be left in the past.
The Tanakh provides the groundwork for the Jewish/Hebrew religion from the third century BCE (Trulove, Woelfel, Aauerbach, & Buller, 2007). One centralized theme discussed in the Tanakh is going against a higher power. In Genesis, God told Adam and Eve “‘you shall not eat of [the tree of the knowledge of good and evil] or touch it, lest you die’” (Trulove et al., 2007, p. 40). Adam and Eve chose to consume a piece of fruit from the tree; as a consequence, God banished them from the Garden of Eden (Trulove et al., 2007). As a result of their sin, the world became corrupt and “filled with lawlessness” (Trulove et al., 2007, p. 43). In these instances, the higher power was the people’s God. When they disobeyed him, they suffered the consequences. These consequences were more severe since a divine power was in charge. Similarly, in Exodus, the Pharaoh “set taskmasters over [the Israelites] to oppress them into forced labor” (Trulove et al., 2007, p. 58). The Pharaoh established rules and punishments for the taskmasters to bestow on the Israelites. In this situation, the higher power was the ruler of the land. The Israelites not only had to follow the laws set forth by the Pharaoh, they also had to listen to the word of their god. In today’s American society, the higher power is understood to be the government. People are required to obey the laws set by the government, and lawbreakers must suffer the penalties also established by their government. Laws and rules are created to keep order and separation between the people and the higher power. Without defined rules or leadership, people could do anything they wanted to whether it’s right or wrong.
Another centralized theme in the Tanakh is good verses evil. For example, Ahriman, the Devil, and Ahura Mazda, Lord Wisdom, were engaged in a cosmic battle at the beginning of the world. Judaism believes that the end of the world will be the victory of good over evil. In Genesis, the serpent convinced Eve to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Trulove et al., 2007). In this story, the serpent represented the evil, which God punished by declaring, “because you did this, more cursed shall you be than all cattle and all the wild beasts” (Trulove et al., 2007, p. 40). On the other hand, in Egypt, the Pharaoh was the representative of evil. He did not listen to Moses when he said God demands that the Israelites be free (Trulove et...

Find Another Essay On The Relevance of Ancient Texts in Today’s Society

Bullying in Today’s Society Essay

1016 words - 4 pages Timea Szabo Bullying and its possible effects on children in today’s society Bullying is a growing concern in a society where status and exercising power over another human being are increasingly important in developing one’s social circles. Dan Olweus (Norwegian researcher and founder of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program) defines it as an “aggressive behaviour that is intentional and that involves an imbalance of power. Most often, it is

How relevant are the early theories of Mass Society in today’s media environment?

2116 words - 8 pages of this situation and manipulates the ‘masses’. This essay will discuss how relevant the early theories of mass society are in today’s media environment, as there have been vast changes in terms of society as well as the media. Before this discussion, the concepts of mass society need to be examined in order to understand the reasons why scientists were concerned for society and how theories were developed around these ideas of society to

The role of the goddess in ancient Celtic society

876 words - 4 pages The CeltsWomen in Ancient Celtic Society: their role and symbolic influence.Modern day people of Celtic descent in Europe are concentrated on its western shores. They predominately live in Brittany, Cornwall, Wales, Scotland, the Isle of Man and Ireland. At one time, however, the Celts were spread over a large part of the Continent, and in 278 BC one roving band even penetrated as far east as Asia Minor, where they gave their name to Galatia

Capital Punishment in Today’s Society

2437 words - 10 pages long history. Capital punishment came about around during 18th Century B.C. in Babylon. King Hammurabi made a code known as “The Code of Hammurabi” which set out certain crimes that were, at least in the eyes of the king, punishable by death. (“The History of Capital Punishment”) This was the first known and documented time that death was the punishment for a crime. From this point many civilizations adapted this type of punishment into their

This essay deals with the concept of 'reinventions' and its relevance in texts such as 'Life of Pi' by Yann Martel and 'Lord of the Flies' by Golding

3675 words - 15 pages over the world. Examples of this shift in belief and this demoralization of society and the gradual de-sentimentality include the disregard for religious respect and tactfulness. It was observed by a Western anthropologist in Japan during the Christmas season that he 'saw a Christmas display that prominently featured Santa Clause nailed to a cross.' At any other time, this example of once believed ignorance would have been classified as

The topic in today’s society that I chose to investigate

3245 words - 13 pages The topic in today's society that I chose to investigate was should marijuana be legal or not. There are many views on this topic; some people feel it should be totally illegal, some feel certain uses of marijuana should make it legal, and others feel it should be legal for every day use. Every side of the argument has a lot of good information that backs up their opinion, but I don't see this argument coming to an end any time soon. The way I

What are the Effects of Social Networking on Today’s Society?

1740 words - 7 pages A social networking service is a commonly used device that can connect individuals widely on an internet based medium. In today’s society social media is used daily; with features such as instant messaging and posting pictures or statuses of ideas, thoughts, or stories that one thinks of throughout the day. These sites are used by a vast amount of people; including all different age groups, ethnicities, genders, and social statuses. A few of the

History Of Unions And Their Relevance In Todays Society

1423 words - 6 pages in Parliament.Unions mobilize the full industrial strength of workers and as history has shown conditions of workers have greatly improved due to unionism. Unions have earned workers minimal wages forty hour working week, an eight hour day, annual leave, long service leave, accident and illness benefits, and workers compensation.Voting rights have assisted better legislation to protect workers which decrease the relevance of unions in today's

The Subjection of Women: In Today’s Context

1339 words - 5 pages . In Mill’s analysis he stated that through the subjection of women, their characters were submissive, lacked self-will, and ambition (Mill 23). However, this does not apply today’s society because women enjoy many of the same personal freedoms that men do. According to Margaret Cole an English socialist politician, “Public opinion is clearly with this aspect of emancipation; it is fairly safe to say that in ordinary life there is hardly any

Role of Women in Ancient Roman Society

1496 words - 6 pages Introduction: The role of women in ancient Rome is not easily categorized; in some ways they were treated better than women in ancient Greece, but in other matters they were only allowed a very modest degree of rights and privileges. One thing that does seem clear is that as the city-state of Rome evolved from its early days into a more complex society; women were not always limited to secondary roles. In some areas of Roman society, women

Urban Society in the Ancient World

1450 words - 6 pages The Western civilization and culture has brought many features to our every day life. In the Western world, people have developed their own social organization, religion, and educations (Mackay et al. 2012). Through ancient systems of writing to the latest invention, people keep evolving and shaping their knowledge to a better and successful life. Furthermore, people realized that through history, they could learn or discover new things, or how

Similar Essays

The Inaccurate View Of Death In Today’s Society

876 words - 4 pages the chance to open his eyes and start living for the right reasons once again. Morrie has accepted this idea for a long time and has, with no doubt, lived his life to the fullest and resulted in other people’s realizations of this concept (Albom). Morrie Schwartz is the perfect example of the proper way to comprehend and cope with the truth and should be used as a role model for those with conflictions with the idea of death and dying. Society

The Relevance Of The New Testament In The Modern Society

1287 words - 5 pages There are many different religions exist in the world, they are existing with their own faith and reason, also they are looking for the development to become suitable for the modern society. Christianity, especial the Bible of the New Testament, they also looking for the ways to fit the modern society. People have to update themselves in their lives, otherwise they will eliminate of the society developing. Christianity as one of the most

Subculture Of Violence Theory In Today’s Society

1208 words - 5 pages Subculture of Violence Theory in Today’s Society Introduction Gang activity and gang violence is a growing concern in the United States today. It is estimated that there are approximately 760,000 gang members and over 24,000 active gangs in various jurisdictions within the United States (World Vision, 2011). It is also estimated that 155 children are arrested for his or her participation in violent crimes every year and that most of this

Psychology In Today’s Society Essay

1003 words - 4 pages both very happy and very well-adjusted teens, but I am well aware that there are many children that are not so lucky. Child abuse is a serious problem in today’s society especially within families of lower socioeconomic status. Many children also have great difficulty coping with the loss of a parent or sibling, or dealing with the aftereffects of divorce. As a psychologist, there would be countless opportunities to assist these children and