The Religion Of Sikhism Essay

1007 words - 5 pages

Sikhism is the youngest of the world’s five great monotheistic religions. In 1801, the Sikh state was founded in Northern India by Maharaja Ranjit Singh based on the teachings of Guru Nanak, who is also the founder. The teachings of Sikhism are summed up by Guru Nanak in these words: “Realization of truth is higher than all else. Higher still is truthful living” (Teece). Sikhs have a variety of teachings in their culture and religion, but the ones I found emphasized the principles of equality of all humans and rejection of discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, and gender. Like other religious founders, Guru Nanak was fascinated by God and religion and starting at a young age he did ...view middle of the document...

Before his death, Guru Gobind Singh decreed that the Guru Granth Sahib would be the final and perpetual guru of the Sikhs (Gurinder Singh).
Sikhs have a religious philosophy that denotes a monotheistic view in god. This belief explains that there is only one God and he is the Creator, sustainer and destroyer. He also cannot take human form. The goal of human life is to break the cycle of birth and deaths and merge with God. Individuals are subject to reincarnation when they do not achieve salvation. Salvation can only be accomplished by following the teachings of the Guru, meditation on the holy name, and performance of acts of service and charity.
The Sikhs also have what they call the five cardinal vices. These vices are Kam (lust), Kroth (anger), Lobh (greed), Moh (worldly attachments), and Ahankar (pride). And if someone should overcome these five cardinal vices they will achieve salvation. A Sikh who has taken Amrit, dons all five Ks is known as Khalsa ("pure") or Amritdhari ("Amrit Sanskar participant"), while a Sikh who has not taken Amrit but follows all rules and keeps all five Ks is called a sahajdhari ("slow adopter") (Amritsar Portal). Amrit is a ceremony of initiation or baptism. The five K’s or Khalsas are five Articles of Faith that Khalsa Sikhs wear at all times as commanded by the tenth Sikh Guru. This was introduced at the Vaisakhi Amrit Sanskar, or a harvest festival, in 1699. The Five Ks are: Kesh (uncut long hair), a Kangha (small wooden comb), a Kara (steel or iron bracelet), a Kacchera (piece of undergarment) and a Kirpan (short dagger). The Five Ks are not just symbols, but articles of faith that collectively form the external identity and the Khalsa devotee's commitment to the Sikh rehni or the "Sikh way of life" (Amritsar Portal).
In early times of Gurus, Sikhs had places of worships called dharamsales. They were a place where Sikhs could gather to hear the Guru speak or sing hymns similar to...

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