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The Renaissance Essay

672 words - 3 pages

The Renaissance is known to be one of the greatest times in the history of Europe. It lasted approximately two hundred and fifty years and is still spoken about today. Great style in art was born during this period and influenced several people including the artists of today. Also, trade engaged and brought Europe numerous goods. However, what most people do not understand is what led to this magnificent era. The Renaissance began due to several factors such as the byproducts of trade, the weakening of the Catholic Church, and the rise of the urban working class in Europe.Trade was very important to the birth of the Renaissance. Since Italy was at the southern part of Europe thrusting into the Mediterranean Sea, it was a major location for trade to occur. It linked northern Europe to the East by water and allowed goods to come into Europe. The cargo was sold ...view middle of the document...

This, along with what went on with the Catholic Church, was the foundation of the Renaissance.The decrease in power of the Catholic Church enabled people to have more control over their own lives and education. Schooling was only for the clergy until the rise in trade called for the need of notaries and secretaries. Later, students were being trained for positions in government and trade. The church also lost support because of its secularization and demand for wealth. People did not respect this and began wanting reform of the church. The church lost even more power due to The Great Schism and the move of the papacy from Rome to France. The Great Schism divided Europe causing the case of having more than one pope. This confusion, along with the demand for reform, led to a secular society in Italy. The bubonic plague further weakened the church and most of Europe creating a chance for surviving working class people to flourish.The urban working class was strong in Italy. During the plague, many people died causing several job openings. Higher prices were charged for the products made by the working class and better working conditions were demanded. Bakers, candle makers, apothecaries, and weavers were some of the artisans during this time. They were the only people who benefited from the plague. As their work joined tradition with innovation, they steadily grew to become very powerful in Italy. Their creations also "set the stage" for the Renaissance and became primary examples of work to come.Several factors led to the beginning of the Renaissance including trade, the power loss of the Catholic Church, and the growth of the urban working class. Italians traded and sold their new eastern goods for profit, and later began taking control over their education during the plunge of the Catholic Church. The middle class in Italy began to flourish because of their great works and high demand, and influenced future artisans. Without these occurrences, the great era known as the Renaissance may have never took place.

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