The Renaissance Age Essay

1303 words - 5 pages

Background: This age gain its name from an intellectual movement that started in Italy, in the early years of the fourteenth century. Then it spread to all Europe. This movement is also called the rebirth of the scholarship but through time it gradually became the rebirth of the human spirit. This movement is characterized by the many discoveries in geographical, religious and scientific as well as artistic and philosophical fields.The renaissance in England: The rebirth of human spirit was characterized in England by a rise, a height and a decline.The rise of the renaissance: The invention of printing and the production of paper made the knowledge spread. The first important result of the renaissance of English literature can be seen in poetry by the introduction sonnets and the invention of English blank verse. The native drama continued to develop and the favorite from for entertainment was miracle and morality plays. While the renaissance was gathering strength in England two events occurred lessened the influence of church. The second one was the desire of Henry the eighth to have a hire authority than the Pope of Rome. There for he asked all is governors to sigh the Oath of Supremacy that he wrote which resulted in the appearance of protestant and hit became the third important creed beside catholic and puritan.The height of renaissance: When Elizabeth the first set on the throne she kept the balance between protestant, catholic and puritan. Also she placed a strong central government that received a loyal support for her subjects. She was interested in education and opened schools and colleges. In her ruling time England gained supremacy over seas. Lyric poetry and song were flourished in the Elizabethan age. This period was the golden age for English drama .Theaters was opened and great plays of great dramatists were preformed.The decline of renaissance: This decline was a result of the religious unbalance between catholic, protestant and puritan in the ruling time of James and his son Charles the first. Poetry was less high-spirit than it had been. The major event was the growth of metaphysical poets. King James Bible enriched English prose for generations. Also Shakespeare great tragedies were written I this period. The theaters remain open for entertainment then the puritan governors closed it.The renaissance age produced many writers but the mostImportant ones are:1. Christopher Marlow: He was a dramatist. He wrote five plays that are considered to be masterpieces and they are: Tamburlain, Doctor Faustus, The Jew of Malta, Edward II, Dido, and Queen of Carthage. He wrote tragedy and gives his hero a total freedom to feel, to say and to do. Most Of his plays had horror and he acted it up on stage. He also wrote passionate lyrics that deal with romance such as "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love", that piece encouraged a lot of people to answer it. He had a mysterious life and death .he died at the age of 29.2. William Shakespeare: he...

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