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The Renaissance And Hellenistic Era Essay

1051 words - 4 pages

The Hellenistic era refers to the time after Alexander the Great where Greek culture, history, and art flourished. Also, the Renaissance refers to the period of European history that a revival distinguished by a revival of science, literature, and art especially in Italy between the 14th and 17th centuries. The Renaissance is also known as a renewal of the Hellenistic era. Both the Hellenistic and the Renaissance emphasized the importance of Greek knowledge and the spreading of that knowledge. Greek knowledge was able to spread and be expanded on during these time periods through the scholars and the scholars’ achievements in their time period. Furthermore, there are numerous scholars that led to the advancements and the discoveries of new ideas in a particular subjects that led to kingdoms in these time periods to be able to flourish. Since, the Renaissance is a not only a cultural but a social revival of Greek knowledge and culture there are many similarities between these two eras in scholarship; however, there is one main difference.
In both the Hellenistic era and the Renaissance had many scholars who were knowledgeable in subjects such as science, mathematics, astrology, philosophy, history, etc. For example, during the Hellenistic era Aristotle was the main expert in every field of knowledge except for mathematics (Perry, Western Civilization 56). In Aristotle’s History of Animals, Politics, and Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle addresses different problems in politics. One problem Aristotle addresses is where the sovereign power of the state should reside. Aristotle also discussed the idea of ethics and the role off ethics in politics. Also, Aristotle sought to determine what was the best constitution and in this article he determines that in forming the constitution for the state, power should exist in the hands of the middle class instead of the poor or the nobility (Perry, Sources 61). In the Renaissance one scholar who also in some of his works examined politics was Machiavelli. In Machiavelli’s The Prince, Machiavelli removed ethics form political thinking and states that the action of a prince should be governed solely by necessity (Perry, Sources 185). In The Prince, Machiavelli also discusses how through his investigation of politics it led him to be able to view human nature from perspective or outlook of it limitations and imperfections (Perry, Sources 185). Also, these two examples of scholars are to show that not only was politics examined in the Hellenistic Age but in the renaissance as well which is one way these two different time periods are similar. It also was used to show the views of two scholars and that allowed them to be respected scholars when it came to the knowledge of politics in their respected time periods. Finally, the idea that each time period had their own respected scholar shows that the Hellenistic Age and the Renaissance are similar because not only did they have knowledge of politics, but that they value...

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