The Reproductive System:
A Review of the Anatomy and Functions of Each System
The reproductive system is a particularly interesting and complex topic for the aspiring interpreter. This system is made up of a constellation of organs within the human body, which are responsible for many functions ranging from hormone production to child-birth. As interpreters, being familiar with both the male and female reproductive system is imperative, particularly for those students interested in specializing in health care interpreting. Within this essay the following topics will be addressed:
1. The male reproductive system
2. The female reproductive system
3. Sexually transmitted diseases
4. Contraceptive methods.
5. Pregnancy, labor and delivery
As these systems are very complex, the information presented only provides only a foundation in your quest for knowledge.
The Male Reproductive System
The male reproductive system is accountable for a number of responsibilities including the production of male hormones which include testosterone and the manufacturing of sperm. Testosterone is responsible for masculine features such as an increase of sexual desires, facial hair growth, increased muscle mass, voice change, and bone density and sperm production. Sperm, also known as gamete, is incased and protected by semen. If the sperm is successfully infused into a female’s uterus through sexual intercourse or a form of artificial insemination the woman could likely become pregnant. Each organ in the male reproductive system has a unique responsibility of its own making hormone and sperm production possible.
The penis consists of three parts; the root which is the base of the penis is located on the lower abdomen. Attached to the root is the shaft. The shaft is the largest part of the penis that extends out from the base is known and is occasionally referred to as the body of the penis. At the end of the shaft you will find the glands. The glands are the rounded organs found at the tip of the penis under or right below the foreskin. The glands are exceptionally responsive to sexual sensations. The testes or testicles are two egg shaped organs that are similar in size to large marbles. They are located in the scrotum and responsible for producing male hormones and sperm.
The scrotum is a compartment of loose skin and muscle, located behind the penis, which not only holds the testes but numerous veins and nerves. Sperm is transported out of the body through the vas deferens. The vas deferens is a thin cylindrical canal that stretches from the testes around the bladder and to the urethra. In addition to the vas deferens the prostate is also an internal organ of the male reproductive system. The prostate is an internal organ situated beneath the bladder and adjacent the rectum. It is nearly proportional in size to a golf ball and is more likely to face complications such as an enlargement or cancer.
Tests for prostate cancer and other...