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The Reproductive System: Its Functions And Disorders

2421 words - 10 pages

The Reproductive System Its Functions And Disorders.

The reproductive system is the part of the human body that is necessary to continue the human existent. Reproduction in humans normally would begin by a male and female having sexual intercourse with each other.
Men and women are both unique in the way their bodies and are formed and developed. Men and women both go through the most changes during their adolescent years when they begin going through puberty. Puberty normally begin in a male from the age of 11 and continues through the age of 16. Boys will develop a deeper voice; growth of hair on their face and body, a boy will have spurts of muscle growth, their testes will begin to produce sperm. A teenage boy will start producing a hormone called testosterone that is produced by their testes. Male’s reproductive system primary genitalia are their testes.
The human male reproductive system organs are located outside of the body around the pelvic region of a male (wikipedia, 2010). The testes produce sperm that would fertilize the female’s egg. Males have several secondary genitalia’s the penis, sperm ducts, epididymis, vas deferens and the urethra. The urethra is used for two purposes to urine and to ejaculate semen. Males also have accessory glands such as the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and bulbourethral glands. The prostate gland contributes fluid for ejaculation. Prostate fluids helps to nourish the sperm (Web Md, 2009). The seminal vesicle makes up most of the volume of a man's ejaculatory fluid and provide the sperm with nutrients that give the sperm energy(Web Md, 2009). Bulbourethral glands produce a clear, slippery fluid that empties directly into the urethra. This fluid serves to lubricate the urethra and to kill any acidity that may be present due to urine in the urethra (Web Md, 2009).
The male reproductive system can have disorders in the penis or within the testes that can affect a males sexual functioning and their fertility. Some disorders that affect the penis are Peyronie's disease , phimosis, paraphimosis, priapism, balanitis, and penile cancer.
Peyronie's disease is a condition in which a plaque, or hard lump, forms on the penis. The plaque may develop on the penis; this condition may develop in the layers that contain erectile tissue. Peyronie's disease often begins in a localized area that begins with irritation, swelling and inflammation that can harden and scar the affected area. Any scarring can reduce the elasticity of the penis. The scared tissue would cause pain and force the penis to bend during erection. Peyronie's disease often come and goes within a short period and can be treated surgically or in a non-surgical manner depending on how severe the disease is and how long the patient has suffered with the disease (MedicineNet, 2007 ).
Phimosis is found usually in children at birth, but can also be caused by an infection. Phimosis causes the foreskin of the penis to become so tight that it...

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