The Republic Of Cameroon Essay

2221 words - 9 pages

The name of my country is the Republic of Cameroon. Cameroon, which is located in Central Africa, shares its border with the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Nigeria. Cameroon has an area of 183,568 square miles. Tennessee is 42,180 square miles which means Cameroon is roughly 4.35x the size of Tennessee or a little bigger than California which is 163,695 square miles. Cameroon has a diverse terrain with coastal plain in the southwest, dissected plateau in the center, mountains in the west, and plains in the north. It has been called “Africa in miniature” because of this diverse terrain. Cameroon’s highest point is Fako on Mt. Cameroon (4,095m), and its lowest point is at the Atlantic Ocean (0m). The percentage of arable land in Cameroon is 13.04% (“Africa: Cameroon”). Cameroon’s climate varies across the country. It is tropical along the coast and has little rain for parts of the year and is hot in the north (Africa: Cameroon”). The north has a single wet season and high temperatures. This wet season is from May to the end of September. The south has a moderate climate with fairly constant temperatures and two wet seasons with heavy, regular rains. These wet seasons include a short rainy season from March to June and the big rains come between August and September (“Cameroon Climate and Weather”).
Cameroon’s crest (Appendix B), Anthem (Appendix C), and motto (Appendix D) all emphasis work, peace, and the love of the land. The colors of the Cameroonian flag (Appendix A) represent the pan African spirit. Today, Cameroon’s population is pretty evenly divided between rural and urban areas. The most densely populated parts of Cameroon, however, are some of the major cities such as its capital, Yaounde with a population of 2.432 million and another major city, Douala with a population of 2.053 million. This is mostly due to increased employment opportunities (“Africa: Cameroon”). Cameroon’s current president is Paul Biya, and he has been president since 1982. Cameroon’s current Prime Minister is Philemon Yang who was appointed in 2009 (“Africa: Cameroon”). English and French are the official languages of the country, but there are 24 other major African language groups spoken. The most recent Constitution in Cameroon dates to January 18, 1996, but there were amendments made in 2008 (“Africa:Cameroon”). There are 9 political parties in Cameroon including: Cameroon People's Democratic Movement or CPDM, Cameroon People's Party, Cameroonian Democratic Union or UDC, Movement for the Defense of the Republic or MDR, Movement for the Liberation and Development of Cameroon or MLDC, National Union for Democracy and Progress or UNDP, Progressive Movement or MP, Social Democratic Front or SDF, and Union of Peoples of Cameroon or UPC (“Africa:Cameroon”). Cameroon is a republic with a multiparty presidential regime. The legal system is a mixed legal system of English common law, French civil law, and...

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