India, or the Republic of India is the seventh-largest country by area and the second-most populous country with over a billion people. India is also one of the most popular democracy in the world.
The Indian economy is the world's tenth-largest by GDP. India became one of the fastest-growing major economies at a very firm pace. As India progresses, its dependence on the Internet will escalate at a very rapid pace. Along with this India’s weakness to the menace of cyber-attacks will become greater.
Critical infrastructures and sensitive computer systems in India have been become targets for crackers. They’ve been successful at compromising them and in many cases their compromise hasn’t also not identified for a considerable period of time.
Several obvious cyber security problems exist in India to the extent that they require urgent attention on a priority basis.
Example: A recent media organization reported a successful Chinese cracking attack that caused one of the biggest security breaches in India. It compromised systems of hundreds of key DRDO and other security officials. Many sensitive files related to the cabinet committee on security (CCS), which is the highest decision-making body for security issues of the government of India were leaked as a result of this attack.
A detailed enquiry was ordered which revealed that thousands of top secret CCS files, and other documents related to surface-to-air missile and radar programmes from DRDL, a DRDO laboratory based in Hyderabad, among many other establishments including the e-tickets of the scientists who had travelled to Delhi in the last week of February were found on the server.
India has no have no implementable national cyber security policy as of now. It even lacks a basic research and development in the field of cyber security.
What happened in the past?
The roots of Internet can be traced back to the efforts by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the US Department of Defense (DOD) to create a network for communication that would endure a nuclear exchange between the two superpowers. The network was subsequently used in the field of academics as a means of communicating and collaborating on research projects.
In India, the National Informatics Centre (NIC) was established as early as 1975 with the sole goal of providing IT solutions to the government. Between the period of 1986 to 1988, three networks were set up: INDONET, which was a network that connected the IBM mainframe installations that made up India’s computer infrastructure NICNET (the NIC Network), that was a very small aperture terminal network (VSAT) used for public sector organizations as well as to connect the central government with the state governments; and the Education and Research Network (ERNET), which served the academic and research aspects.
Though the rate of growth has slowed considerably, the...