The Republic of Ireland became an independent nation through a series of political events that occurred between 1800-1949. These events correlate to each other, and are critical for Ireland becoming the country it is today.
Ireland, otherwise known as Éire in Irish, became a republic in 1949. It had represented a long battle for independence from Britain, dating back to the middle of the 12th century. After the success of the Anglo-Norman intervention that had begun in 1167, by 1171 Ireland had become a colony of Britain. This meant that the King of England, King Henry II, would be the country’s new lord. Throughout the next 600 years or so, Irish resentment against the British would continue to arise. With attempted rebellions, and resistance to British rule and religion, resulted the establishment of the Act of Union in 1800 (16, pg 420). From this Act, followed the Great Potato Famine in 1845 (16, pg 420). With the amount of carelessness shown by the British government, came the result of Home Rule (16, pg 420). This was an idea presented in 1870, which carried out into the early 20th century (16, pg 420-421). Development of the group Sinn Féin as well as others carried out these beliefs in Home Rule, resulting in the Easter Rising. Easter Rising was a turning point – it was one of the first major acts towards gaining Irish independence. In 1919 the Anglo Irish War began, and from there resulted a civil war between the northern and southern states of Ireland. In 1949, Ireland declared themselves a republic – finally gaining full independence as a nation.4
The Act of Union 1800 was established as a result of the rebellion in 1798. The rebellion consisted of not only Irish troops, but French troops as well. Although the rebellion was unsuccessful, British authorities believed the French presence posed a threat to British security. Due to this, the Act of Union was created. The Act joined Ireland and British governments, creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland . By joining the two governments, Ireland lost their Dublin Parliament, and members of the Irish parliament had to participate at Westminster in London (12, pg 1). Many Irish people disapproved of this Act, rebelling in 1803. Just as the 1798 rebellion, the attempt was unsuccessful; but it showed evidence of resentment and lack of will to unify. This unification of the two governments would continue to be a growing issue in the earlier years of the 20th century.5
With resentment towards the British already present, and the unification of the two governments, the Potato Famine of 1845-1855 did not help the situation between the two countries. The movement of Irish parliamentary members to London meant the movement of numerous Irish landowners (12, pg 3) . To replace them, land agents from Britain were assigned, and because of this, the decaying of Irish states had begun. (12, pg 3). Their primary focus was only to collect rents for their employers, not to maintain...