The Repuglic Of Rwanda Essay

1538 words - 6 pages

Rwanda, which is near the equator, is located in Central America and surrounded by land on all sides: on the north side is Uganda, on the east side is Tanzania, on the south side is Burundi, and on the west side is the Democratic Republic of Congo. The official name of the country is the Republic of Rwanda and the capital is Kigali. Within the capital, they have one main city named Butare. The national flag has three horizontal lines (blue, yellow, and green) and a golden sun with 24 rays in the top right-hand corner. The colors represent the color of peace. While there are three ethnic groups, 90% Hutu, 9% Tutsi, and 1% Twa, the religious sects consist of the Roman Catholics 57%, Protestant 26%, and Muslim 5% and the official languages are Kinyarwanda, French and English. The six major holidays celebrated in Rwanda are New Years Day (1/11), Democracy Day (1/28), Labor Day (5/1), National Day (7/1), Peace and Unity Day (7/5), and Armed Forces Day (10/26). Rwanda has some great scenery; including sparkling lakes, rivers, volcanic mountains, coffee and the plantation, outdoor markets, colorful dancers and music. Within the mountains you can find 80 species: elephants, giraffes, crocodiles, lions, gorillas, and birds to name a few. The beautiful mountains and the climate is comfortable, despite the rain. There are four seasons, two wet and two dry. Due to the immense evaporation and Rwanda being close to the equator they experience a lot of long months of rain mainly October thru December. The hottest months are August and September. Rwanda has a population of 8,440,820 and the country is only 1,250 miles. It is one of the most densely populated communities of the African continent.
Rwanda’s economy relies on agriculture, industries and mining, fisheries, trade and finances. This is a great struggle for the Rwandans because there is little industry, few mineral resources, and a primitive transportation system. Despite this being negative factors, Rwanda has a number a valuable assets. These assets consist of the natural beauty of the country, including the primates (mountain gorillas). This has made tourism a major source and keeps hope alive for a more prosperous economy.
Ninety percent of the people from Rwanda rely on farming. Unfortunately, most is subsistence agriculture which means they make just enough on the farm to maintain there families with not much left over. There are two growing seasons; the first from September to February, the second is March through August. Corn, bananas, beans, potatoes, plantains, and soybeans are part of their crop. Rwanda’s major exports are coffee, tea or chrysanthemums with Indonesia, China, and Germany being the three main export partners. The coffee is grown on household farms but the coffee bean production has declined. Tea on the other hand, has always been the most important cash crop for Rwanda; a typical year Rwanda will export 15,000 tons of dried tea leaves. The flower is used for...

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