The History Of Indigenous Peoples In America

3024 words - 12 pages

The History of Indigenous Peoples in America

Native American is the term used for the indigenous peoples of North America who first migrated to this area thousands of years ago. The term Native American actually includes several tribes, states, and ethnic groups some of which are still recognized in today’s modern society. Most of the scientific world agrees that the first indigenous peoples crossed the Bering Straight by way of Siberia about 12,000 years ago.

The precise route that the first immigrants traveled on is still under a matter of controversy. Some academics believed that the peoples traveled near the coast on foot following game which they needed to hunt in order to survive. Others believe these “Native Americans” could have been sea-faring individuals. While some still think they pushed slowly through the central regions of Canada at the pace that the ice from the ice age evaporated. The way in which the first inhabitants arrived here is in dispute today more than ever. By examining the mystery of the Bering Straight Land Bridge, The history and religion of some key Native American Tribes and the theories of prominent modern day scientists I hope to shed some light of the mystery of the origins of the first peoples of America.

The Bering Straight Land Bride or BERINGIA is believed to be a strip of permafrost that connected Alaska to Asia around 40,000 years ago and as late as 12,000 years ago. “For decades this debate has centered on what can commonly be called the Clovis versus the pre-Clovis controversy. Succinctly put, this debate states that the earliest known inhabitants of the Americas came out of Africa, with a migratory path through China, on through Northeast Siberia, across Beringia (i.e. the Bering Straight Land Bridge) and into North America, from whence all other American peoples emanated”( Earles, Alternative Migration Routes to the Americas).

The Clovis vs. Pre-Clovis debate and the history of Beringia are closely related. The exact time at which the land bridge existed is being contested by many knowledgeable scholars and without the land bridge the theory the Clovis, New Mexico settlement is null and void. Before I delve into the legitimacy of the land bridge I wish to explain a little about the Clovis/Pre-Clovis controversy.

An archaeological site was found in a small town called Clovis, New Mexico. Scientists date this site as being the earliest of settlements of America and find that the tools recovered are most closely linked with the individuals who would’ve migrated across the Beringia Land Bridge. It has been believed for a long time that these “Clovis” people are the bed rock for future migrations primarily from the north in a southern direction. Scientists who believe this are regarded as “Clovis Police” and they hold strong to this opinion even as new research and evidence expose alternate possibilities (Earles, Alternate Migration Routes to America).

The Pre-Clovis side of the argument...

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