This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The History Of Modern Latin America

2022 words - 8 pages

The history of modern Latin America begins after the Second World War when the economic changes wrought by the war, namely the shift towards manufacturing and urbanization, produced political and diplomatic changes across the Americas. The end of the war led to increased imports from the West, reducing the competitiveness of Latin American industry. Additionally, falling crop prices led to increasing urbanization. The result of these economic and demographic shifts was the rise of a populist movement throughout Latin America.
Populism in Latin America was characterized by a combination of nationalism, often coded with the language of anti-imperialism and anti-Americanism, and class politics. However, populism did not appeal solely to workers; rather, populist leaders attempted to create broad coalitions of people who believed that Latin American countries needed economic and political reform. The populists were generally opposed by the rural elite, which had held power throughout Latin America since the age of colonialism. Additionally, many Latin American leaders began to embrace dependencia theory; i.e. they believed that Latin America would remain poor and under the control of Western business interests as long as Latin America remained dependant on Western, specifically American, capital and imports. These leaders advocated Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI), a form of industrialization in which a country would become self-sustaining by replacing imports with domestic production. Often ISI involved substantial state interference into the economy. Examples of populist governments in Latin America include the Peronists in Argentina and the Vargas years in Brazil. The actions taken by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) in Mexico from the 1940s to the 1970s may also be characterized as populist.
Diplomatically, the onset of the Cold War reframed U.S.-Latin American relations as the United States became increasingly concerned about the threat posed by populist leaders in the region with regard to American multinational corporations and American interests abroad. Historically dependent on the United States, Latin American nations gained leverage during the Cold War as they could use the bargaining power of the Soviet Union. The United States influenced the region both directly and indirectly through the Organization of American States (OAS); e.g. in 1954, the OAS declared “that all Marxist revolutionary ideology was necessarily alien to the Western Hemisphere.” The United States also began to intervene directly in the affairs of many Latin American nations by providing training, money, and arms to right-wing groups across the region, such as the 1954 coup d’état in Guatemala assisted by the U.S. CIA.
The greatest event in U.S.-Latin American relations was the Cuban Revolution of 1959, as it created a hostile, and potentially Communist, government only ninety miles...

Find Another Essay On The History of Modern Latin America

Base of the Pyramid in Latin America

4102 words - 16 pages Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 00 (2012) 000-000 www.elsevier.com/locate/procedia Available online at www.sciencedirect.com The 2012 International Conference on Asia Pacific Business Innovation & Technology Management The Role of Innovation at the Bottom of The Pyramid in Latin America: Eight Case Studies César Antúnez-de-Mayolo PAD School of Management, Aldebarán 160

The Economic Systems of Colonial Latin America & British North America

1074 words - 5 pages debts. Therefore, the Spanish Empire was only slightly superior to the British Empire. This gives a possible answer to how much stronger it was to the British Empire, using facts and analysis. Works Cited Brinkley, Alan. American History: A Survey. Thirteenth ed. New York: McGraw, 2009. Print. Keen, Benjamin, and Keith Haynes. A History of Latin America. 9th ed. Belmont: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2013. Print. Kennedy, David M., and Thomas

Four approaches to the political economy development of Latin America

1559 words - 6 pages the economic and class history, and its relation with one of the principal characteristics of Latin American countries: the disparity between the wealthy and the poor. Throughout this work, I intend to summarize and review four of the most representative theories that have helped shape the study of the economic development of Latin America: Hegemonic Stability, Dependency, Class Analysis and Neoliberalism. The need for a more accurate

Earthquakes, Eruption and Ecocatastrophes: The Troubled Times of Latin America

2666 words - 11 pages Ranrahirca via roadqway. The avalance had made all roads leading into the towns impassable. Huasacaran, the worst volcano eruption in Latin American history, claimed the livesof 70,000 people. Not since the eruption of Mont Pelee in 1902, which swallowed the city of St. Pierre and left one survivor out of a town of 30,000, had an eruption been so devastating.On November 13, 1985 another cataclysmic volcano blast would terrorize South America

Submarino.Com: The Challenges of B2C E-Commerce in Latin America

636 words - 3 pages through the end of 2000. Investment banks and other institutions started reappraising Internet Business Models. They realized that the same rules applied to e-commerce as to brick-and-mortar companies and that financial statements and credit ratings of most Internet companies looked dreadful.2. Challenges of the Latin American Market - Although the Internet sector in Latin America was growing, Latin America presented several challenges for continued

The Power of Baseball and Role Models in Latin America

1983 words - 8 pages The Power of Baseball and Role Models in Latin America In many countries around the world, the socioeconomic problem is so bad that they are granted the title of a Third World country. Countries that are not quite as bad, such as most Latin American countries like Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, often have trouble, on a smaller level, of creating jobs and job security for its people to inspire work ethic and incentive to raise

The Conquests of Latin America: Elements That Played A Role

2136 words - 9 pages The destruction of entire people is often overlooked, due to the important fact that it is usually the victor that writes the history books and the facts to be. In Alex Nava’s Wonder and Exile, in the New World adventurers of many backgrounds such as Cabeza de Vaca and Bartolome Las Casas, help to develop three important concepts within the cultural, religious, and literary representations of modern day Latin America. Over a span of 500 years

Florida: History and Modern Attractions of the 27th State in America

1321 words - 5 pages . Florida has many universities with great academic programs and great students. With humble beginnings Florida has become the most popular state in America with its rich history and modern day beauty. Records show that life in Florida started with Juan Ponce de Leon in 1530. Between April 2nd and April 8th Ponce de Leon washed up on shore after a terrible ship wreck. In honor of Pasuda Florida Ponce de Leon named the area La Florida. The country

The History of Modern Wars

733 words - 3 pages War is an obliterate machine employed by every nation from Third World countries to Global Empires throughout world’s history. This essay will attempt to review Modern American History from the World War II to present day. Key areas will be exam are 1) patriotism and propaganda used by the government during wartime, 2) the role of Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) enforcing domestic laws during the Cold War era of American history, 3) the

The Modern History of Computing

1782 words - 8 pages their computers. Today I will be writing about the modern history of computing since it is really important to know the history of computer. HISTORY OF COMPUTING According to history, human clerks where well known as computers which helped in calculating effectively. The calculation done by the human computers which nowadays are carried by the electronic computers, human clerks worked in commerce department, research faculties and the government

The Importance Of Beowulf In Modern America

2485 words - 10 pages The Importance of Beowulf in Modern America By Jennifer Carley Modern culture and literature include many stories of great heroes and fictional adventures. Many people grow up reading about these great adventures and looking up to the heroes of the stories. Heroes are great roll models because they are portrayed as courageous and trustworthy individuals, two very admirable qualities. Despite numerous cultural and technological advancements, life

Similar Essays

The Independence Of Latin America Essay

1196 words - 5 pages The Independence of Latin America The Independence of Latin America was a process caused by years of injustices, discriminations, and abuse, from the Spanish Crown upon the inhabitants of Latin America. Since the beginning the Spanish Crown used the Americas as a way to gain riches and become greater in power internationally. Three of the distinct causes leading Latin America to seek independence from Spain, were that Spain was

The Colonization Of Latin America Essay

1562 words - 6 pages A new conquest, a new era, and a new frontier are some of the many elements human civilization is no stranger to. Throughout mankind's existence on earth it has dealt with these complex and dynamic issues before, but what was about to take place was unprecedented and would in innumerable ways forever change the face of the planet. During the early 1400's three dominating societies, the Spanish, Aztec, and Inca empires conquered and quickly

The History Of Latin Music Essay

672 words - 3 pages happened. This essay is going to be about the History of Latin music and how it has become very popular in America and the World. Latin music history began with one of the most influential and indigenous people, who loved to create music with “wind and percussion instruments”, and they the Mayans. Originally the wind and percussion instruments were made to copy and remake the music of the Europeans. There was a lot of other cultures, which used

The Street Children Of Latin America

1037 words - 4 pages of Mexico and Latin America. These children suffer from the abandonment of their family and the economic issues of the country; moreover they are deprived to health care, exposed to violence, drugs, and HIV through sexual promiscuity. Street kids are not choosing to live in abandoned buildings, cardboard boxes, parks or on the street itself; they are forced to take on the challenges of life that no other human being experiences in many years