The History of Music
The text of The Erlking (1815), by Schubert, is a Germanic legend and is about the king of the elves. He is an evil and magical figure, who with his touch (whether you touch him or he touches you) can kill. In the text a father and his son are riding home at night and the son keeps screaming that he sees the Erlking and he was going to hurt him. The father doesn't know what to do b/c he's not sure if the son is really seeing the Erlking or if he is hallucinating from a high temperature. However, when the father gets home, he is carrying his dead child in his arms. Different singers for each part (the father, the son, and the Erlking) make the different characters distinct. There is a very dissonant harmony and minor tonality and it is a through-comosed song.
The text combines fantasy and reality, and shows is an example of Nationalism as well as the supernatural. This piece is also an example of Sturm und Drang, which is an intentional emotionalism intended to shock the audience with its intense emotion. This term comes from Goethe.
This work is Schubert's most famous song.
2. Nationalism is the reflction of one's own country in artistic terms. In the romantic period, there was a rise of personal freedom and the middle class is now the main advance of the time. There was much individuality in the identity in music and song from each nation, which promised nationalism in music.
3. The troubadors were known as any poet musicians from Provencal in Southern France during the 12th - 13th centuries. Guilham IX included not only nobility, but also commoners in this movement when he began it. In the mid-12th century, this movement spread to the Northern France, where the trouveres developed, and Germany, where the minnesingers developed. It was an act of annihilation (war) that made the troubadors dissapear with the art form moving to the truoveres. Bernart de Ventadorn who had Can vei la lauzeta mover was a troubador.
The trouveres were 12th-13th century poet-musicians in Northern France who imitated the troubadors from Southern France. However, the through-composed stanzas, which occur in many songs of the troubadors, are not common at all in the trouvere works. There form of initial repeat was like the ballade of the 14th century. Robins m'aime from the play The play of Robin and Marion by Adam de la Halle is an example of a trouvere work.
The minnesinger were German poet-musicians, having flourished between the 12th-14th century. They were not inspired by the trouveres, but were influenced by the troubadors. They became the leading representatives in the Middle Ages of German music. The marriage of Frederick Barbarossa and Beatrix of Burgundy in 1156 is usually thought of a the start of this style. Oswald von Wolkenstein (c.1377-1445) who wrote Durch Barbarei, Arabia was a famous Minnesinger.
4. Two traits common to the frottola are 1) they were strophic, homophonic, and homorythmic and 2) they were...