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The History Of Photography And The Camera

1057 words - 4 pages

Photography has come a long way from the first camera all the way until today. In this essay I’ll begin by explaining how the first aspect called the Camera Obscura started. The Camera Obscura was first developed and explained in ancient times during the 4th and 5th centuries B.C. It was first developed by the Chinese and Greeks and also later studied by other philosophers in Ancient Times. It is used to create images that are transmitted through a pinhole camera on a wall that is in a darkened room. People such as Aristotle studied the Camera Obscura as well as the Pinhole Camera.
In 1814 Joseph Nicéphore Niépce took the Camera Obscura and developed a special type of paper which the images could be printed on. These photographs that Joseph printed didn’t last long and faded away after some time. But it wasn’t until 1826 when he invented permanent images/photographs. His photographs were made on a polished pewter plate covered with petroleum derivative which would then harden with the exposure to light. The unhardened parts would be washed away and the metal plate could be polished, which would then make a negative image and then that negative image could be printed on a piece of paper or other material. Later on other inks and types of chemicals that could be used to print pictures more efficiently were developed. Later on Cameras became more popular as people started to want self-portraits of themselves or family portraits. It became a major business and would become a great success. But one of the biggest changes came when Kodak invented the first “Point and Shoot Cameras”, which allowed people to take a picture immediately and have it published later on. This gave photographers a greater opportunity to take better pictures as well as have there “Portfolio” increase. Since Kodak developed this type of Camera the photographers no longer had to carry dangerous imaging chemicals with them but only had to print the pictures on film. The new film would allow the photographers to shoot their pictures and have someone else develop it or have themselves develop the film at a later time.
Even though many of the pictures shot and printed in the 19th and early to mid-20th centuries was black and white, many people experimented with color photography. The first color photo, which was an image of a ribbon, was taken in 1861 by James Maxwell. Throughout the 19th century many different types of color printing methods were developed that required less chemicals and took less time.
Now that I’ve covered some of the topics of the beginning and early innovations of the history of Photography I’d like to skip ahead and talk about the Polaroid Camera. The Polaroid Camera was and still is a type of Camera which contained all the Chemicals and film inside the Camera itself and could be used to point and shoot and then would print the picture that the Photographer would have taken. The first Polaroid Camera that was able to print out the picture automatically was...

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