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The Study Of Personality And Time Perception

1199 words - 5 pages

There have been many studies in the past which have investigated the effect of personality on our mental abilities. For instance Hannon et al. (1995) conducted research into the effect of extraversion and introversion on long term and short term forthcoming memory. Results show extroverts came up with less errors in comparison to introverts in regards to short and long term memory. In this present study we aim to investigate the effects of extraversion and introversion on time perception. With the directional hypothesis suggesting there will be a negative correlation between extraversion and time perception, it is later noted that this isn't the case, resulting in the hypothesis being rejected. It would be safe to say that further research into personality and time perception is required.

Introduction:
The study of personality and time perception is a captivating strong point for psychology, as it proves just how important psychology is in understanding the human mind. Despite the infinite attributions of these topics a lot of research has been carried out into these areas. The personality has had its fair share of attention in the world of Psychology world, and Hans Eysenck is definitely someone who has made contributions to what we know when understanding the personality. Eysenck came up with a theory for the personality, in which he used factor analysis to structure his beliefs.His theory is made of up of three core personality dimensions: Psychoticism, Neuroticism and Extraversion (Eysenck, 1970; Eynsenck and Eysenck, 1985, cited in Martin, Carlson, Buskist, 2009). These bipolar factors all have their opposites. Where Psychoticism is the opposite to self control, Extraversion is the opposite to Introversion, and Neuroticism is the opposite to Emotional stability. According to Eysenck an extravert is someone who is sociable, likes to attend social get gatherings, has a lot of friends, spontaneous and lives for the moment. On the other hand he regards an introvert as someone who is quiet, introspective, to themself, and reflective (Pervin, Cervone, John, 2005).
Eysenck (1990) he believes there is a biological basis for personality (cited in Burger, 2000). To support this claim Eysenck argued the consistency of extraversion and introversion over a long period of time, implying your environment doesn't affect our biological make up. Studies have supported this point, in which he found that persons level of individual difference remains around the same level over a period of time. Conley (1984, 1985) found that participants showed a consistent level of extraversion - introversion over a period of 45 years (cited in Burger, 2000), however this does not say whether extraversion- introversion is determined by biology, as our environment does play a part in our development.
During his career, Eysenck came up with different questionnaires to assess the traits in one's personality. He came up with the Maudsley Personality Inventory, the...

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