This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Response To Stress And The Effect Of Stress On The Immune System

2083 words - 8 pages

IntroductionWhat are the characteristics of contemporary society? Various answers should be mentioned, but stressful life style is one essential characteristic that most people are concerned about in modern society. Every individual suffers from stressful situations, such as an unpredictable change, deluges of information as a result of the mass communication development, rapid scientific and technological progress, a contaminated natural environment, various interpersonal relations of a complicated social structure, a menace to diseases and disaster and so on. Indeed, stress is a normal component of life.Stress has been defined in many different ways by a divergence of each scholar's approach. However, one useful definition of stress is that it is a real or perceived imbalance between environmental demands required for survival and an individual's capacity to adapt to these requirements (Rice, 1987). Stress can produce both positive and negative effects. A mild degree of stress and tension sometimes be beneficial. Feeling mildly stressed when carrying out a project or assignment often compels individuals to do a good job and to work generically (Rice, 1987). Likewise, exercising can produce a temporary stress on some body functions, but its health benefits are indisputable. However, beyond a level where individuals feel in control, stress can have negative effects on individuals' physical and emotional health. Scientific research studies have documented the crucial role stress can play in causing and aggravating different disorders such as greater susceptibility to infectious diseases, increased risk of heart attack or stoke, and damage to areas of the brain that affect memory (Butcher & Lord, 2004). One way to understand stress as a contemporary health problem is to look at the human stress response as a biologically conditioned set of reactions. This paper will examine how human responds to stress and how the stress response affects the immune system from the neurobiological perspective.The neurobiology of stress responseThe concept of homeostasis introduced by Walter Cannon is important to understand how the body responds to stress. In order to function at its best for the body, it must maintain a constant internal environment. Homeostasis is the process that maintains all biological processes within a certain range. Stress presents a challenge to homeostasis, and the stress response is the body's attempt to restore homeostasis, or bring things back to normal (Purves et al., 2004). Further, Hans Selye introduced the concept of stress as a medical and scientific entity. Sleye proposed a three-stage model of the stress response, which he termed the general adaptation syndrome: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion. The alarm stage is a generalized state of arousal during the body's initial response to the stressor. At the resistance stage, the body adapts to the stressor and continues to resist it with a high level of physiological arousal....

Find Another Essay On The Response to Stress and the Effect of stress on the Immune System

America´s Hostile Response to the Vietnam War and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

1910 words - 8 pages his review is have not been made. Another limitation is that both the review and the book are written about 25 years after the end of the Vietnam War, and they also cover information on the Civil War, which occurred even earlier that that. Analysis So, did America’s generally hostile response to the Vietnam War or battle experiences of the Vietnam War contribute the most to the high number of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder victims? Both the

The Effect of Prenatal Stress on Sexual Behavior of Male Rats

1263 words - 6 pages . Frye and Orecki (2002) found that prenatal stress resulted in increased behavioral inhibition of the female rats in mating situations. This study, and the study by Frye and Orecki (2002), both examine the affect of prenatal stress on rats. Each study investigates the sexual behavior of rats that were prenatally stressed, in comparison to rats that were not prenatally stressed. Frye and Orecki (2002) focused on the affect on female rats

the effect of post traumatic stress disorder in adolescents

859 words - 4 pages their well-being. Sometimes the disorder is caused by genetics and women are also more likely to suffer from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Two years ago, my older sister wrecked her car while she was turning on the defrost in her car, the next thing she knew, she was rotating through the air and landing into the woods. When the emergency crews reached her and helped her out of her car they asked her if she needed to go to the hospital, but she

The body’s natural response to stress with particular attention to PTSD and the appropriate physiological and psychological treatments

1334 words - 6 pages instances of hyperarousal and avoidance. This demonstrates that those who use repressive coping techniques are less likely to develop PTSD, dealing with the stress of upsetting events efficiently. However Suls and Fletcher (1985, p477) found that although repression was beneficial in the short term, it would lead to lasting effects on an individual’s health. They found that avoiding the issue would lead to “disregulation over the long- term

Effect of Stress on Decision Making

3176 words - 13 pages (1996) cited in Flin (2004, pg 42) argues that some of those changes in strategy in response to stress are in fact adaptive. They reduce and select the information being attended to and processed, in response to high time pressure and reduced cognitive capacity. Acute stress is likely to have a particularly detrimental effect on decision in the use of analytical and creative strategies. These require extensive cognitive effort, especially Working

Technology's Effect on Workplace Stress

1026 words - 4 pages -office workers about technology's affect on stress, productivity, and the personal lives of survey participants ("Stress and Technology," 1999). The data also highlights programs and policies employers take to reduce workplace stress. Kensington conducted the study as part of ongoing research into consumer needs in the workplace.The study found that perceived productivity had increased dramatically over previous years. However, nearly half of

Effect of Stress at work

738 words - 3 pages abuse.Finally, stress can have an adverse effect on the efficiency of employees. In stressful times, employees are often displeased or angry with something. However, there are usually limited channels in which employees can express their views. Since opinions, views, and feelings cannot always be expressed to anyone to change the current situation, there would be an accumulation of anger and frustration within the individual. Up to a certain

Women Hormones Effect Emotions and Stress

891 words - 4 pages period. Hormone could affect stress in women more or less depending on that person. According to Dr.Bowen (2013), premenstrual syndrome may cause women irritability, mood swings, loss of confidence, aggression, crying for no particular reason, poor concentration, and tiredness. Therefore, hormone in women is one of the reason that women stress more than men. Secondly, the other principal that makes women suffer from psychology stress more than men

Phagocytosis and the Immune Response

1576 words - 6 pages , fungi and other organisms that are capable of invading our bodies and causing disease. We are able to overcome these pathogens (disease-causing organisms) because we have an immune system. This is a complex system that allows us to develop immunity - resistance to infections. The non-specific immune response ================================ Inflammation is triggered by damaged cells. Ruptured cells and some

Stress The physical and mental effects of Stress

543 words - 3 pages threaten a person's life as well and health.Behavioral psychologists have determined there is a correlation between stress and the declination on one's behavior. One may increase his usage of alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs to escape his stressful state. Other problems include arguing with friends, neglecting appearance, crying easily, difficulty concentrating, and withdrawing from family and friends. In extreme cases, stress can cause insanity

Cancer and the Immune System

1612 words - 6 pages is due to the incredible immune system. Several T cells (white) attacking a tumor However, at times something goes wrong with the immune system. Everyone gets sick once in a while, and beyond making us ill, there are still many diseases which can kill people. Cancer is a disease which manages to defeat the immune system. But how? For years cancer immunologists assumed that the cells of the immune system simply couldn’t recognize tumor cells

Similar Essays

To What Extent Does Research Support A Link Between Stress And The Immune System?

867 words - 3 pages compared to the amount of stress they had suffered.There was significant immunosuppressant for high stress groups. Showing a definite biological link to stress and the immune system.However on evaluation of his experiment it was found that taking blood can be a stressful situation for many participants. The white blood cells and immune response is not evenly distributed in blood so could easily be missed when a sample was taken.In conclusion to

The Effect Of Stress On Health

1161 words - 5 pages is termed as relaxation response (Seib et al., 2014; Wells, 2013) Conclusions In conclusion, stress has different sources and affects the body in different ways. However, the effect of stress on the health status of the body can be classified into seven broad categories. This includes effects on the brain, heart, lungs, and circulatory system, immune system, mouth and throat, skin, metabolism, and relaxation response. Works Cited Barringer

The Effect Stress Has On Working Memory

836 words - 4 pages implications of stress on our physical well-being, there is limited research on specifically how stress affects working memory. Lit Review Stress has been said to impair response inhibition and working memory. Mika, Mazur, Hoffman, Talboom, Bimonet-Nelson, Sanabria and Conrad (2012) examined what effects chronic restraint stress had on response inhibition and working memory. The researchers hypothesized that stress reduces the response inhibition

Describing The Interaction Of The Components Of The Autonomic Nervous System In A Relation To The Stress Response

1260 words - 6 pages system dysregulation (disproportional sympathetic activation and/or parasympathetic withdrawal) is among the primary pathophysiological mechanisms of mental stress-triggered cardiac events (De Morree, Szabo, Rutten, Kop, 2013). The sympathetic nervous system is response to crises and it’s considered as fight or flight. When crisis happens the stress hits our body the sympathetic (SNS) is activated to response and prepares the body to fight whatever