The Responsibilities Of Congress And The President

1049 words - 4 pages

In this module we have study modifications to the way Congress and the President do business. The Constitution lists specific duties for Congress to attend to; it is a little vaguer when assigning duties to the President. It is up to both of these institutions to best determine how to accomplish these duties. The major theme of this module is change, the addition of offices under the President and the modifications to the power distribution within the Congress to help better and sometimes hinder these institutions in accomplishing their duties.
The Congress of the 1950s, known as the “textbook Congress”, is quite different than the Congress of the today. Our Author notes six legislative folkways that were noted by political scientist Donald Matthews, these folkways include apprenticeship, legislative work, specialization, courtesy, institutional patriotism and reciprocity. In the passage of time and a more partisan division in both the House and Senate the folkway of apprenticeship has disappeared and institutional patriotism has seriously declined along with courtesy in both bodies. A large percentage of the latest generation of legislatures also has limited acceptance of the concept of reciprocity. “Members of Congress may well reflect the declining levels of trust and civility within the public at large.” (Loomis, Schiller p.132) Due to these changes in the folkways past Speakers of the House have determined to hold important legislation until there is enough single party support to pass that legislation, a 2004 example of this was Speaker Hastert holding up legislation on major intelligence reform, a 2010 example may be the health care reform bill. The change in public views on civility and trust as reflected by the members of Congress is demonstrated in the passage of these two pieces of legislation, did the American public get the best legislation possible when only one party is pushing a bill? This is how change may hinder the completion of legislation.
The module goes on to address the changes made in the Congressional committee system. Committees are an integral part of our Congressional system without them in place the 435 members of the House and the 100 members of the Senate would be severely hindered in doing their job. Committees have been used in the Congress since the beginning at first the committees were ad hoc bodies put together to address issues and then reported back to their specific bodies as time went by permanent standing committees were formed. Over time members built careers within committees building seniority and power. “By the turn of the century, seniority had become such an iron-clad formula that in both House and Senate party leaders’ real discretion in committee assignments was limited primarily to new members.” (Loomis/Schiller p 156) The power amassed by committee chairmen began to rival party leadership and stifle junior members of committees. Both parties recognized that too much power rested...

Find Another Essay On The Responsibilities of Congress and the President

How the New President Will Work with Congress

1629 words - 7 pages such a small majority. Tax cuts and Social Security are examples of issues that are going to be closely debated. The intention of the founders of our nation was to make congress a more powerful body than the executive branch. The founders wanted a strong legislature, however there was a shift in power to the executive branch at the start of the twentieth century. The president gained much power during this time, due to World War One and Two

The Rights and Responsibilities of Black Americans

1466 words - 6 pages responsibilities begun to shift in the South when President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation during the Civil War, which stated that "slaves within any State, or designated part of a State…in rebellion,…shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free." Although the overall goal of the Civil War was not to abolish slavery, many slaves in the captured southern states freed themselves and fled to the North, which sparked quite a bit of

The Roles And Responsibilities of A Nurse

1601 words - 6 pages The nursing profession has changed drastically over time. The roles and responsibilities that nurses take on have increased and become far more complicated. Nurses are managers, leaders, supervisors and have become experts in many areas of care. Every day nurses are faced with the task of improving and strengthening professional leadership within their work environment. Managing good quality and eliminating risk is the major challenge

The Roles and Responsibilities of a Teacher

1526 words - 7 pages This essay will outline the roles and responsibilities of a teacher in life long learning. It will then explain the relationship between teachers and other professionals in the life long learning. Finally, this essay will explore how to establish and maintain a safe and supportive learning environment. 1.1. List the key aspect of legislation, regulation requirement and codes of practice related to your subject. Being a teacher in life long

The roles and responsibilities

1537 words - 7 pages Midwifery Annotated Bibliography The roles and responsibilities of Midwives in Primary Health Care Devane, D., Gates, S., Hatem, M., Sandall, J., Soltani, H., (2009), Midwife-led versus other models of care for childbearing women (Review), 3 In this article Devane et al. compared midwife led care of pregnant women with other models of care such as medical doctors being the primary care provider. The aim of the study is to establish wether there

The Roles of Congress In World Wars I and II

1444 words - 6 pages similar acts in World War II, allowed for American success in both wars. President Wilson, throughout the beginning of World War I, had maintained a policy of neutrality. This changed when the actions of Germany, including the sinking of the Lusitania and other non-belligerent vessels, made it clear that the U.S could not avoid war much longer. In order to prepare for the imminent war, Congress passed the National Defense Act in May of 1916

Library of Congress and the Digital World Library

1000 words - 4 pages 1783 by James Madison. His idea became reality when President John Adams wrote his signature on an Act of Congress. The Library resided in the capitol city of Washington, Starting with a mere 740 books and 3 maps. Just gaining foundation, in the year 1814, the Library was brought down when British men set fire to the capitol. All of the collection was destroyed. Thomas Jefferson, whom gave the Library its first law to appoint a librarian and a

Congress Members and Bills: The Safe Child Act of 2014

1002 words - 5 pages proceeding to the next stage in both chambers. The chambers have their own distinctive procedure that take place within each stage. The Safe Child Act of 2014 formally known as The Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 2014 is currently under consideration by Congress. I will be explaining the purpose of this bill, where the bill is currently in its journey, in the legislative process, and how a Parliamentary system would affect this bill.    The

Responsibilities of the Media

1560 words - 6 pages from the news media. 3) The social responsibilities of the news media is not just to report news stories, but to report news that is as close to factual as it is. The media news has a tendency to dramatize disaster stories in the event that it would woe large crowds for profit. The news media has a responsibility to readers, to portray its self in a positive light, the defender of truth dignity and

The Responsibilities of Engineering

1038 words - 4 pages are partly due to their professional knowledge and skills, and are partly due to their level of responsibility in the respect of the spiritual world. In my opinion, the major responsibilities of engineers lie in service and inventions. First, engineering is a kind of trade of service. Workmen who take it up aim to contribute, to their utmost, their knowledge and skills to their post; manage to transfer their spiritual and intangible storage

The Triumph of the Congress of Vienna

1186 words - 5 pages The Congress of Vienna was a series of conferences held in Vienna, from 1814-1815. In which many European heads of government met to establish long-lasting piece, preventing revolution and any other nations from becoming to powerful, on the European continent after the defeat of Napoleon. Even though many countries came together to discus an issue, “the Congress of Vienna was more successful than many other peace meetings in history” (Beck, 241

Similar Essays

The Relationship Between Congress And The President In Policymaking From Mid 19th Century To Present Day

661 words - 3 pages The backbone of American politics is derived from the concept of democracy, where the people govern themselves, understanding this concept is vital to the policy making process. The president and congress should have equal jurisdiction in policymaking, Constitutional checks and balances were created by the founders to keep one branch from gaining unequal power over the other. Under very specific circumstances, such as

The Power And Significance Of Congress

1838 words - 7 pages The Power and Significance of Congress Firstly it is important to look at the power and significance of congress as a legislative body. This includes the creation of law, and the scrutiny of the executive. Because the US federal system is ruled by 'separation of powers', it is important that the legislative - congress - acts as a good check and restraint on the executive - the president. The most significant power

The Powers Of Congress Essay

643 words - 3 pages Court and other high executive appointments, and conducting trials following impeachments by the House.Congress is bicameral, meaning it has two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The two houses balance and compete with each other, and Congress balances and competes with the presidency and the judiciary. Congress is more powerful in domestic matters than in foreign affairs, where the president dominates. Congress's central power is

The Emancipation Of Congress Essay

1456 words - 6 pages average American citizen. The original intent of the Constitution was to limit government and the self-serving interests that become tyrannical by their very nature. The fact that the founders did not include limiting terms for Congress appears to be a great oversight. The reason for this is simple. When a person was chosen to serve during the time of the founders it was considered both and honor and a burden. The founders overlooked term