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The Effect And Aspects Of The Gulf War On The Middle East

1290 words - 5 pages

It’s the heat of the Gulf War: January 17, 1991, Congress has just given permission to the president, George Bush Senior, to wage war on Iraq. They want to put an end to the invasion of Kuwait for good, and to prevent Saddam Hussein from seizing the oil fields of Kuwait. Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi president called the upcoming war “the great duel, the mother of all battles.” Bush said that “This will not stand this aggression against Kuwait.” But what was the Gulf War about anyway?
To learn more about the Gulf War Oil Spill, it is vital to know the context and background of this event. The Gulf War happened in a relatively short time period after the Iraq-Iran War, and was partially caused by it. Iraq had to make their oil expensive to pay off their debts from the war quickly, but also needed to keep up with the market, so they asked the surrounding countries, including Kuwait, to up prices by lowering production. During the war, Iraq amassed 30 billion dollars in debt to Kuwait, and proceeded to appeal to be freed of the arrears. Kuwait refused on both accounts, and it was clear they would be doing no favors toward their neighbor. Saddam Hussein accused Kuwait intentionally crippling Iraq’s economy and deliberately drilling oil in Iraqi territory. In response to this he sent soldiers to the border to guard it. Hussein criticized American foreign policy toward other Middle Eastern countries and several failed negotiations took place. The United States and Iraq were allies no longer.
Iraq deployed one-hundred men to fight and claim victory over Kuwait on the 2nd August 1990, a decision that had been in the making by Hussain for a few months. The battle included bombing Kuwait City by plane, sending in ground troops and flying commandoes by helicopter. Kuwait was unprepared for the invasion, since many of the Kuwaiti troops were on leave as well as the fact that the military entered the battle with only half the ammunition needed. Kuwait lost sixteen-thousand two-hundred to death or capture in the whole of the invasion because of this. In order to end the conflict the United Nations passed Security Council Resolution 660, an order to Iraq to put an end to the invasion. Iraq declined to follow the order and attacked the Dasman Palace by helicopter and disguised soldiers, taking control of it, but failing to capture the Emir, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah who had escaped before the invasion.
Iraq instated Alaa Hussein Ali as head of the government in Kuwait a week before the annexation of Kuwait by Iraq. Saddam Hussain’s reasons for the instated government were that Kuwait was actually an Iraqi province and should be ruled as such. The United Nations disregarded the annexation and continued to pass 12 more resolutions against the invasion, deeming it illegal. Many major countries, including some close allies of Iraq, condemned the invasion and seizure and placed embargos on Iraq. In the time of rule by the Iraqis wreaked havoc on Kuwait,...

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