This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Effect Of The Cold War On Chile

1759 words - 7 pages

The Effect of the Cold War on Chile
In the midst of a Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, countries in Latin America find themselves caught in the middle of a Marxist Revolutionary movement and the US counterrevolutionary reaction (Chasteen 285). In order to prevent Latin America from adopting Communist views they created the National Security Doctrine which justifies the attacks of enemies internally and externally, and provides military funding for such acts (Nelson-Pallmeyer 34-35). The National Security Doctrine provoked military action in many Latin American Countries, and had effects on Chile in particular. During the time of the Cold War, Chile democratically elected its first Marxist president which resulted in a violent coup, led by Augusto Pinochet, which aggressively tried to stop the rise of socialism in Chile (Guardiola-Rivera 330-331). Pinochet had viewed the ideas of socialism as dangerous since they were so foreign from the norm of a democracy. What had been a democracy for many years in Chile had now given rise to the Pinochet Dictatorship, and the Popular Unity under Allmende now suffers the torture of a dictating leader trying to turn Chile back into a democracy (Chasteen 301). Throughout the duration of the Cold War period, Chile exhibits the aftermath of the Pinochet Dictatorship after the election of the Marxist president Salvador Allende and the takeover of his office.
In order to understand the effect of the major events that happened in the Cold War in Chile it is also important to understand what each of the main events are as well as when they happened. First, Socialist-Communist Salvador was the first Marxist to democratically win the election in 1970. During Allende’s term of presidency, his main purpose was to lead Chile down a road to socialism in which he wanted to redistribute the wealth in order to help the lower-paid and the poor (Collier and Sater 330). However, this worried the rich because they did not want to lose their wealth since the poor would essentially get their hard earned money. The two opposing leaders wanted to please the majority of people who voted for them by stopping Allende’s socialist ideas from taking place within the government. Allende’s enemies found an ally with the CIA which caused the US to become involved and cut off the credit to Allende’s government (Chasteen 299). Then on September 11th, 1973 Allende was attacked by his own armed forces, and the Chilean Coup started which is the bloodiest takeover in Latin America. Later in 1973, the leader of the Coup, Augusto Pinochet, became the dictator of Chile in order to rid the followers of Allende’s socialist ideas (Chasteen 300-301). Part of what caused this takeover by Pinochet was the many internal factors as to why Allende becoming president caused such an outburst of rage among the elite.
Pinochet accuses Allende for violating the Constitution, and blames the breakdown of democracy on the parties...

Find Another Essay On The Effect of the Cold War on Chile

Origins of the Cold War Essay

1311 words - 5 pages avoids confronting the complex cause of the Cold War but is wholly insufficient to explain these causes."6Interestingly enough in the 1990's this argument is also part of the post-revisionist explanation of origins of the Cold War. The post-revisionist school appeared in the late 1980's and early 1990's and reflected the "New Right" ideas of the time: the demise of liberalism and collapse of Jhe Soviet Union.7 Gaddis claims that recent works based on

Causes of the Cold War Essay

2163 words - 9 pages , or fundamental causes, of the Cold War has caused more discussions than any war in history. The question is why the conflict was initiated, and who the inciter or aggressor was actively since the pressure between the United States and the USSR that became known as the Cold War. The Cold War between the superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union was a clash of ideologies. The touch between the two developed on many occasions as either

Origins of the Cold War

1202 words - 5 pages The Cold War was the ongoing state of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States that occurred from 1946 to 1991. The hostility between the two countries was evident through political affairs, military and weaponry intensification, and economic rivalry. At many points in time, the two sides were on the verge of nuclear confrontation, which would have vastly altered the world as people know it today. Fortunately, the two countries

Causes of the Cold War

772 words - 3 pages to prevent nuclear war. The Americans had an estimated twenty-four million veterans participating in the cold war and spent over twelve trillion dollars on it as well. The results for America were that we maintained the achievements of our victory in World War II, avoided/prevented global nuclear war, and unified Germany. We also directly freed 400 million people in ten different European nations from the bondage of Communism. We did this in

Origins of the cold war

9738 words - 39 pages . Roosevelt was at first content to have Churchill speak for him too and even prepared a cable to that effect. But Hopkins, a more rigorous universalist, took it upon himself to stop the cable and warn Roosevelt of its possible implications. Eventually This content downloaded from 27.254.22.254 on Wed, 21 Aug 2013 03:57:18 AM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR 35 Roosevelt sent a message to Harriman in Moscow

origins of the cold war

9738 words - 39 pages . Roosevelt was at first content to have Churchill speak for him too and even prepared a cable to that effect. But Hopkins, a more rigorous universalist, took it upon himself to stop the cable and warn Roosevelt of its possible implications. Eventually This content downloaded from 27.254.22.254 on Wed, 21 Aug 2013 03:57:18 AM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR 35 Roosevelt sent a message to Harriman in Moscow

Origination of the Cold War

1304 words - 5 pages and Neisse were being occupied by Russian troops (insert pic 3) and were being run by the pro-communist Polish government, who expelled over five million Germans. This went directly against the agreements made at Yalta earlier in the year. The west viewed this as an act of aggression on the part of the Soviet Union.      From this point, the Cold War truly becomes a chain reaction. In March of 1946, Churchill (insert

Cause of the Cold War

843 words - 3 pages Soviet domination of the countries in Eastern Europe was the main cause of the Cold War. Stalin's aim, to take advantage of the military situation in post-war Europe to strengthen Russian influence, was perceived to be a threat to the Americans, thus erupting in a Cold War.World War II dramatically changed the United States from a bench-warmer to a player in world affairs. Since so much work had to be done in order to restore world peace and

Affects of the Cold War

1145 words - 5 pages With the conclusion of World War II emerged two victorious super powers, who had two completely different ideologies: the democratic U.S. and the communist Soviet Union. This inevitably began the era of icy tensions (Cold War) between the two countries where both countries constantly threatened and attempted to outdo the other. By 1952 when President Eisenhower took office, the U.S. comprised a strict foreign policy that strived to "contain" the

Causes of the Cold War

865 words - 3 pages There are several who have a different approach of whether it’s the U.S or the Soviets’ fault for causing the Cold War. In reality, they have always had clashing ideologies and different structures of government that have played a major role in leading them to embark upon such a distrustful relationship. Furthermore, the Soviets distrusted the U.S way before WWII when they intervened in the Russian Civil War and didn’t recognize the Soviet Union

The strike of Chile

1039 words - 4 pages questions geographers ask-The Strike Of Chile(Chile Earthquake)By Rui Jiang 7CWhat happened, and when did it happenOn February the 27th, 2010 one of the strongest earthquake ever recorded hit Chile. The earthquake was rated 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale and lasted for 90 seconds with many after shocks.Where did it happenThe earthquake occurred in Chile with the epic center location at 39.909°S, 72.733°W. It was strongly felt in six

Similar Essays

The Effect Of Technology On The Cold War

1435 words - 6 pages : Sputnik 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Sputnik 2 carried the world's first living passenger, a dog-named Laika (CNN, Cold War). Unfortunately those in charge of planning the mission did not conjure a method of returning Laika safely back to earth. This not only became the first living passenger into space, but also the first space casualty. On August 19, 1960 the final installation of the Sputnik program, Sputnik 5, carried two dogs: Belka and Strelka, forty mice

The Unparalleled Effect Of Nuclear Technologies And Politics On The Outcome Of The Cold War

1349 words - 5 pages country was the newly formed Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Widely known as the U.S.S.R., they soon began to gain with the United States in terms of nuclear technologies. A rivalry began between these two nations, to become the undisputed world power. This rivalry would be apparent on a global scale for many years into the future, surfacing through the many altercations that were the Cold War. Although the Cold War, as a whole, was made up

How Did The Cold War Effect Australia

1030 words - 4 pages control the post-World War II global economic and political order. Throughout the Cold War, the United States saw the Soviet Union and communism as the greatest threat and challenge to its global leadership and dominance of an emerging global economy and industrial society. The United States was determined to limit the military and political expansion of Soviet power in order to prevent it from challenging American global economic and political

The Impact Of The Cold War On Developing Nations

1220 words - 5 pages planned, orchestrated and executed with the assistance of CIA. The research paper tries to critical analyze the impact of the cold war on Chile and influence of United States. Contradiction of US policies of Capitalism and Democracy and covert operations in Chile American foreign policy directed and influenced its activities in Chile. United States although contradicted its firm belief of democracy and capitalism where freedom was