This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Effects Of Gunpowder On Warfare

1644 words - 7 pages

The discovery of gunpowder changed war from being fought with medieval weaponry and battle tactics to more modern day weapons and tactics because the gunpowder powered weapons are more deadly. Weapons that use gunpowder to launch projectiles have a greater range than melee weapons and are more powerful than bow and arrows. Also, cannons are more powerful and have a greater range and accuracy than catapults and they also can be reloaded faster than catapults. Gunpowder weapons changed war because they are stronger, more accurate, have a greater range and are able to be reloaded faster than medieval weaponry.
Gunpowder was invented long before the Europeans were introduced to it. Gunpowder was invented by the Chinese in the ninth century . They were actually trying to make an elixir of eternal life, but ended up making one of the most important artifacts of warfare . The Chinese did not originally use gunpowder in weapons, but in fireworks instead. The smoke that combusted gunpowder makes is very thick and can block the colors of the fireworks from being shown, so they had to have different ratios of gunpowder . One of the first weapons that the Chinese made with gunpowder was the “flying fire”. The “flying fire” is an arrow with a burning tube of gunpowder attached to the shaft . Also, the Chinese used gunpowder to make primitive hand grenades, poisonous gas shells, and landmines . Gunpowder was applied to Chinese weapons as well as later European weapons.
One of the most important gunpowder weapons is the musket. Muskets are more lethal than medieval infantry weapons. Weapons used by medieval infantry were the arbalest, axe, basilard, medieval bow and arrow, mace, pike, spear, and warhammer . Hand-held firearms used in the 1700’s were the musket, blunderbuss, and the pistol. The medieval long range weapon for infantry was the bow and arrow. The long range infantry weapon of the 1700’s was the musket. The musket is stronger than the bow and arrow. The kinetic energy and momentum of an 18mm musket ball shooting from a Brown Bess musket are 1460 joules and 9.36 kg*m/s. The kinetic energy and momentum of an arrow being shot from a bow are 16.5 joules and 1.15 kg*m/s. The musket ball clearly has a much stronger momentum and kinetic energy than the arrow, which means it has more stopping power. Firearms of the 1700’s also have much greater maximum range than bows and arrows. If a Brown Bess was fired at a forty five degree angle in a frictionless environment, the musket ball would travel 9783 meters. If a bow fired it’s arrow at forty-five degrees in a frictionless environment, it would travel only one hundred and nineteen meters. The musket has more than eighty-two times the maximum range of the bow and arrow. Some might say that bows and arrows are stronger than muskets, but that is not entirely true. Most people refer to muskets and rifles of the eighteen and nineteenth century only as smooth-bore barrel muskets. Muskets barrels later became...

Find Another Essay On The Effects of Gunpowder on Warfare

The impact of AI on Warfare

760 words - 3 pages The Impact of AI on Warfare.It is well known that throughout history man's favourite past time has been to make war. It has always been recognised that the opponent with the better weapons usually came out victorious. Nowadays, there is an increasing dependency, by the more developed nations, on what are called smart weapons and on the development of these weapons. The social impact of AI on warfare is something which needs to be considered very

The Dangerous Effects of Chemical Warfare in World War One

1086 words - 5 pages ). Research for better and better protective gear arose from this race to create more dangerous medical hazards (Krause 549). The physiological effects of chlorine gas included painful asphyxiation, violent coughing, and death (Fire 121). Therefore, to combat this, soldiers in the early days of chemical warfare during World War One, used muslin-which was ineffective, and later, a thiosulfate laced cotton pad which effectively neutralized

The History of Warfare

2045 words - 9 pages where they were bombarded by the new Greek ships which had a bronze tip on the hull, that was made especially to ram and tear the hull of any ship that got in their way. Now, of course, there were other inventions that were made to evolve and revolutionize the age of war but these inventions ultimately failed and was never really used so I will not touch on those, but there was a revolution in war and it changed the face of Warfare forever. This

The Development of Warfare

1140 words - 5 pages swiftly, lack of aiming capability, and confusion on the mixture. The barrels were one to three inches in diameter and some were even mounted on the bottom of carriages. The development of gunpowder is momentous in history, because it marks the invention of modern warfare. Works Cited Contamine, Philippe. War in the Middle Ages. (Malden, Massachusetts:Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 1998). Chap 1-10 Preston, Richard A., Alex Roland, and Sydney F

Herbicidal Warfare in Vietnam and its Effects on the World Today

1191 words - 5 pages , 685). The barrels were not cleaned very thoroughly so this poorly thought out use for the barrels may have also added to the physiological effects on humans today. The use of herbicides in Vietnam did not go uncontested. Back in America, people questioned if the use of the chemicals would hurt our own soldiers and the innocent civilians in Vietnam. People knew that there had to be some kind of health risks involved. As stated by Jim Trautman in

The Ethics of Warfare

745 words - 3 pages The usage of atomic warfare on a nation does not only affect that single country, but the entire world. Leo Szilard, an American scientist working with other scientists to create the atomic bomb, expresses his concern to the President. Leo Szilard critically explains that while the United States may require the use of the atomic weapons, he uses experienced affects and facts of using the atomic bomb that could negatively impact the image of the

Warfare of the Middle Ages

1069 words - 5 pages battles took place and there were many different weapons and combat styles used in theses battles. A type of weapon that was used a lot during sieges in the Middle Ages were catapults. “Catapults were a weapon used during the Middle Ages (Medieval period) in siege warfare. Catapults were devices for hurling stones or other objects” ("Catapults"). “There were many different types of catapults such as The Ballista - The Ballista was similar to a Giant

Warfare of the World Wars

1568 words - 6 pages included, Billy Bishop, The Red Baron and Rene Fonck, each with over 70 victories. By 1917, airplanes were proving to play a significant role in warfare as many people realized that control of the skies could change the outcome of the war.“The sky is about to become another battlefield no less important than the battlefields on land and sea.... We had better get accustomed to this idea, and prepare ourselves” as said by Italian Staff Officer

The Consequences of Biological Warfare

1021 words - 5 pages or Ebola virus, infects a person at the site of its release, that person could travel and spread the agent to others” (Stebbins, 2007). By having one person on the site of where the attacked happened, that person could potentially cause an epidemic crisis if not treated quickly. Therefore, people should understand how seriously dangerous biological warfare is. Another way of noticing biological warfare is by observing the most feared agents

The Threats of Biological Warfare

2443 words - 10 pages The term “biological warfare” has been used quite frequently lately. We see it on the news, read it in magazines and newspapers, and hear about it in the political rhetoric of the day. However, the sad reality is that most Americans are not well informed about how dangerous the threat of biological warfare really is. Not only that, but our own government is not even prepared to deal with a biological attack, something that is more probable

The causes of the gunpowder plot and the reasons they had

864 words - 3 pages There are many causes for the gunpowder plot. They were building up for more than 100 years. On the night of November 5th Guy Fawkes and many others intended to blow up the houses of Parliament. Their plan was to not only to, not only, kill the King but to also replace him with his Catholic daughter. The first, most important event, was Henry's VIII's reformation which had totally altered the religious and political face of England

Similar Essays

The Chemistry Of Gunpowder Essay

956 words - 4 pages Improving warfare technology was an extremely important aspect of the Civil War.  Gunpowder or black powder played an important role in the Civil war and gunpowder involves a great deal of chemistry.  It consists of three ingredients sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate (saltpeter).  For only three ingredients the chemical reaction is a very complicated and its chemical equation is 4 KNO3 + C7H4O + 2 S ------> 2 K2S + 4 CO2 + 3 CO + 2H2O + 2

Chemical Warfare: The Effects Of Mustard Gas

1228 words - 5 pages war on Germany, the army not only lacked defensive equipment for chemical warfare, but also had no concrete plans to develop or manufacture gas masks or any other defensive equipment” ( pg.38). While the history of our corps is very interesting, I will show the effects mustard gas has on unprotected soldiers and how the first protective equipment has changed to what we are equipped with today. First I will discuss the effects of the blister agent

The Effects Of Technology Warfare Due To The Attack On Pearl Harbor

1455 words - 6 pages The effects that technology warfare did to the Americans and Japanese, due to the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were equal. Radar, the atomic bomb, high powered weapons and aircraft play an important role in these two events that will be talked about. The technology had to be right for these events or the events and plans possibly could have not happened. The invention of radar had a huge impact on many

The Introduction Of Gunpowder Weapons At The Turn Of The Seventeenth Century Was The Most Significant Transistional Period In Modern Warfare

1202 words - 5 pages Question: Using your best military history judgment based on the study of modern warfare, which transitional period was the most significant--introduction of gunpowder weapons at the turn of the Seventeenth Century Why? Analyze the military point of view within the contextual aspects of war. Explain and analyze the successes on the battlefield and their influences on military history. Be specific in your answer by discussing technology, tactics